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JANUARY, 1899. 

Annville, Pa. 



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Vol XL No, 10, ANNVILLE, PA, JANUARY, 1899, Whole No, 116, 

Life on the Planets, 


We know much concerning the 
perpetuation of life, and we know 
a few things concerning the begin- 
nings of existence; but of the gen- 
esis of life we know absolutely noth- 
ing, save, "Let the earth bring 
forth grass, the herb yielding seed 
and the fruit tree yielding fruit." 
"Let the earth bring forth the liv- 
ing creature;" and finally, "Let us 
make man in our own image." 

Since, therefore, we know noth- 
ing of the origin of life, even on 
our planet, it is utter folly to con- 
jecture concerning the origin of 
life on our sidereal neighbors. 

But we may suppose that the 
Creator was not partial to our plan- 
et, and that he placed the possibil- 
ities for the beginning of life on 
other planets. 

This supposition, however, might 
be denied. 

Now the beginning of life on the 
earth is a reality, else we had none, 
and therefore no life; and the earth 
is not likely an exception among 
the heavenly bodies, it has not re- 
ceived the least privilege, for it re- 

volves, experiences light, darkness, 
cold, heat and other planetary phe- 
nomena in like manner with the 
other known planets. And among 
the members of this sidereal fami- 
ly, this is not the important one 
by any means; for, Jupiter and Sat- 
urn are each very many times great- 
er; and, if the "Nebular Hypothe- 
sis" shall hold its place, there are 
other planets whose existence must 
date back millions of years; hence 
we think of ; the earth as third 

Now when we remember that 
the earth is neither the oldest; nor 
yet indeed the youngest of the plan- 
ets, and withal has life on it, whence 
is the reason to doubt that there is 
a possibility of life on the other 
planets, say the oldest, or perchance 
the youngest; Mars or, our other 
next neighbor, Venus. 

Again, does it not seem to be the 
greatest absurdity, and is it not the 
most selfish sentiment, for us poor 
mortals, who exist only a few sec- 
onds of this planetary existence, 
to imagine that we are the only 
creatures who live to enjoy the 
handiwork of the Creator, and 
when the great day of revelation 



comes, and the good of the earth 
are transported (and the evil also), 
that this entire universe would be 
abandoned, and exist to God, who 
made it, like a haunted house af- 
ter it has long enjoyed vacation. 

Suppose you permit your imagi- 
nation to act freely. Occupy a 
position from which you can em- 
brace a view of the whole solar sys- 
tem; forget that you are a member 
of the terrestrial family ; be alto- 
gether immovable by the sugges- 
tions that come to you because of 
your earthly origin; forget even 
that the planet, third in distance 
from the sun, is called earth ; for- 
get all you ever knew concerning 
life as it here exists and give your- 
self over to the study of the globes 
which circle round and round the 
light-giving orb. 

If then you would suspect life 
and inhabitation; or if you i ag- 
ined that the great God had occu- 
pied a position as you are occupy- 
ing, and from there selected the globe 
or globes upon which he desired 
to place creatures who would enjoy 
his creations and honor him as 
"Lord of all." Upon which of 
the brilliant bodies, that we see 
speeding through the heavens, 
w T ould you place the probability of 
inhabitation ? 

Which planet w T ould you imagine 
the Diety to have selected ? 

Would you be able to conclude 
that the little planet which we call 
earth, that insignificant existence 
among such splendors as Jupiter 

and Saturn, is the only abode 

If you will admit the absurdity 
of such a conclusion, let us change 
our position. 

Occupying now our own home, 
scan the heavens, examine all that 
is subject to examination ; accept 
and defend the calculations of the 
experts. Where is the mind that 
will say, that in so far as life is con- 
cerned, earth is unique. 

Shall we conclude that the earth 
is thus unique because we cannot 
see life on Mars or Venus ? Shall 
we believe that we only live to 
view the splendors of the heavens 
because we are not vision ally cer- 
tain that there is a "man in thej 
moon," or intelligence on the plan- 

This is a conclusion far too nar- 
row; yet this conclusion lives. 

Suppose a man existed on a nar- 
row island in the midst of a great 
sea, his eyes never saw other life; 
from a lofty mountain top he may 
have seen the continents, but he 
could not see the hustling hurrying 
men on the shores. The very nat- 
ural conclusion of that man would 

"I am monarch of all I survey 
My right there is none to dispute." 
But the conclusion would be incor- 
rect, for the homes are legion and 
the souls multi-legion who dash 
about on the continents. Even the 
king, who holds the sceptre of con- 
trol of the island may be unknown 
to the lonely man and he rests with 
the fond thought that he alone lives 



for God and God exists for him 
alone; as this is absurd, so is the 
former position absurd. 

How vain then would it be for 
us to oppose, by means of our 
sciences, the possibility of the orig- 
in of life to have extended beyond 
our domain ; our normal intelli- 
gence wars against such folly. 

Of course, we are not absolutely 
certain of the certainty of ultra-ter- 
restrial inhabitation now, but we 
must believe that the possibility of 
life beginning was not denied the 
other planets. 

The question for us then is, Do 
the planets show T a condition favor- 
able to the main tai nance and per- 
petuity of life ? 

For the faithful consideration of 
this we must admit, 

1 . All that has been discovered 
concerning the maintainance of life 

2. Comparison from and to these 

The earth-life is three-fold : ani- 
mal, vegetable and mineral. The 
highest type is the animal life, and 
the condition for the perpetuity of 
this higher life is the preservation 
of the body which is the seat of life; 
and to preserve the body, there 
must be vegetable and mineral life, 
both of which are dependent upon 
Sunlight and heat, atmosphere and 
water; these latter conditions, we 
are told, exist on every planet; the 
sun pours forth light and heat and 
years, months and days succeed 
each other drawing with them the 

seasons which from time to time 
support the conditions of existence. 
All, that is thus learned, compares 
favorably with the conditions of 
life perpetuity on the earth. 

What does the mind that is skep- 
tical respecting this doctrine, sup- 
pose to have been the design of the 
Creator, when he caused Mars to 
come into existence with waters 
and with snows that melt each 
spring and send the resulting wa- 
ters to fertilize the continents ? 

Why did he create the clouds of 
Jupiter which spread shade and re- 
freshing showers over its broad 
surface? Why did he give an at- 
mosphere to Venus ? 

How can it be possible any mind 
to believe that giant solitude is the 
chief sovereign of the vastness of 
the earth's likeness? or that the 
magnificent and splendid worlds 
which float afar from us in the 
heavens, were given over to stern 
loneliness? and that if death in 
great fury would annihilate the ter- 
restrial family, the perfect and 
beautiful system of w 7 orlds would 
roll in space in a condition like un- 
to the Dead Sea. 

And now in the language of 
Flammarion, — "Ah, if our sight 
was piercing enough to discover, 
where we only see brilliant points 
on the black back-ground of the 
sky, resplendent suns, which re- 
volve in the expanse, and the in- 
habited worlds which follow them 
in their path, if it were given to us 
to embrace in a general w T ay these 
myriads of fire-based systems ; and 



if, advancing with the velocity of 
light we could traverse from cen- 
tury to century, this unlimited 
number of suns and spheres, with- 
out ever meeting any limit to this 
prodigious immensity where God 
brings forth worlds and beings ; 
looking behind, but no longer know- 
ing in what part of the infinate to 
find this grain of dust called the 
Earth, we should stop fascinated 
and confounded by such a specta- 
cle, and uniting our voice to the 
concert of universal nature, we 
should say from the depths of our 
soul : Almighty God ! how sense- 
less we were to believe that there 
was nothing beyond the earth and 
that one abode alone possessed the 
privilege of reflecting thy greatness 
and power. ' ' 

From these several hypotheses 
and observations there spring two 
conclusions : 

1. Every planet had life begin- 

2. Some planets are favorable to 
life perpetuity. 

Idealizing the Real, 


A little more than two centuries 
ago, in a town in southern Spain 
there sat in his studio an artist giv- 
ing the world a beautiful lesson — 
painting for it an uplifting picture. 
In work, which represents the in- 
terior of a convent kitchen, the 
ordinary tasks are being performed 
by angels who are gracefully lifting 

a pail of water, quietly placing 
plates on a shelf, or serenely put- 
ting kettles on the fire ; and a little 
cherub is in the way trying to be 

The artist is Murillo, and as we 
stand and gaze upon his splendid 
strokes, we must discover his 
power to idealize the real. He 
shows that in the midst of the most 
homely and menial tasks there may 
be beauty and sweetness. 

All true artists take the ordinary 
things of earth and make of them 
that which is heavenly. The pot- 
ter takes the clay under his feet 
and forms beautiful images ; the 
painter with his brush produces an 
arrangement of colors which speaks 
of marvelous grandeur ; the sculpt- 
or takes the rude block of marble 
and changes it into forms of grace 
and loveliness. 

The painter, the potter, the 
sculptor, the architect and the poet 
and orator, each in his own way is 
ever striving to present under sen- 
sible forms, the ideal of a more per- 
fect loveliness and excellence than 
the actual world affords. 

But this ideal can never be ade- 
quately and fully represented for 
the perfection of beaut)' dwells 
alone with God. 

And while the tendency to make 
that which is beautiful out of the 
common-place — to idealize the real, 
is thus seen upon the part of those 
who are classified in encyclopedias 
and biographical dictionaries as 
artists, it is manifest in a more 
marked degree in the actions of 


those who are the truly great art- 
^ s l s — those who paint splendid life 
pictures, those who take the rude, 
rough bits of experience that come 
to them and circle around them a 
halo of giory — those who so grandly 
live through the dark hours of an 
ordinary day as to make it bright 
with the sunshine of a happy Easter 
— those who find in the very clods 
which cumber their feet the beauti- 
ful flowers that lie dormant therein. 
He idealizes his real life as he 
works upward toward the realiza- 
tion of his ideal. 

Every man whose efforts will 
ever accomplish anything, has be- 
fore him an ideal which he hopes 
to realize. As he takes each step 
towards this end he finds his ideal 
always growing, and that it and 
the real can never be one. Shall 
he then, allow his ideal to cease to 
be the object of his efforts? No, 
never give up, As F. B. Meyer 
has said: "If you fall, fall with 
your face still toward your ideal. 
Like the brave Scot, fling the heart 
of the Bruce forward into the battle 
and follow. The cliff towers far 
away into the blue, and you may 
have tried many paths to scale it, 
in vain, but there is a path that 
other men have trodden and suc- 
ceeded, rest till 'you have 
found it and stand victorious." 

Some one has beautifully said : 
"We may not realize our ideals but 
we may idealize the real." We 
may do our very best and thus 
idealize the real life. The rail 
tnaker who on being asked the 

secret of his success, said, i( We 
have no secrets ; we always try to 
beat our last batch of rails," cer- 
tainly was an example for every 

. The perfect ideal is universal and 
must be God's creation. Circum- 
stances vary so much that the ideal 
of man's creation, though seeming- 
ly perfect one day, may be so com- 
pletely changed in another as to be 
a very faulty aim. Doing our best 
and adapting ourselves to circum- 
stances—idealizing the real — may 
be considered the most certain 
means of accomplishing the best 
results in life. 

As we mark Murillo's master- 
pieces let us note that it is a home 
he portrays in which each member 
makes the best use of his advan- 
tages, working harmoniously, thus 
making it a blessing to every one. 

Such a condition is possible in 
every household. Instead of the 
discord existing in many so-called 
homes, there could be peace and 
joy if each member of the family 
strove to idealize the real, tried to 
throw into gloomy conditions, glad- 
ness ; into disquiet, rest ; into des- 
pondency, hope. 

The same is true of the school 
room. In it the greatest progress 
is attained when the aim is to do 
each day the very best work pos- 
sible under the circumstances ; to 
discover amid dirty slates and 
ink stained taLlets an insight into 
the temple of learning, to recognize 
behind the soiled hands and be- 
griuied faces of little urchins the 



splendid possibilities of manhood 
and womanhood and to strive to 
work them out with the finest 
touch and finish. 

Passing from these two all im- 
portant factors of the world's civi- 
lization — the home and school room 
— to the community and country 
at large we discover the need of 
idealizing the real to be as great as 
in the limited spheres. An ideali- 
zation is reached only as noble men 
mould out of present existences, 
future splendor and greatness only 
as master hands seize existing cir- 
cumstances and shape glorious de- 
velopments from them. The mere 
politician has a groveling ideal for 
which he works. But the states- 
man idealizes the real state of 
affairs and he is the one who is 
sought as a leader of the nation by 
the patriot. 

And so in a variety of lines there 
is a need of learning to make the 
most and best of what is, rather 
than murmuring about what is not. 

To every one in every sphere, 
however dull and prosaic the life 
may seem, however limited the 
opportunities may be, there comes 
the opportunity of idealizing the 
real. In the midst of it all yen 
may pass as noble a life as in a 
palace with the noblest souls if you 
will but grasp this opportunity of 
idealizing the real. For "life does 
not consist of what we have or 
know or do, in the people around 
us, or the drapery by which bare 
facts of existence are veiled, but in 
m zykat mc ire? * ■ 

Shall we not then strive con- 
stantly to idealize the real? And 
thus fit ourselves for the realization 
of our ideal, which can be only 
when we "awake in His likeness." 

Youth, an Index, 


The making of the material uni- 
verse required but one of the small- 
er gods and the peopling of it, a 
common angel ; yet the united 
efforts of all the deities of the 
pantheon were necessitated for the 
making of youth and a thousand 
years of controversy before its pres- 
ence on the earth was granted,-— 
uniting because it is extraordinary, 
and hesitating because of its dan- 
gers. True, this is but an oriental 
legend, yet the mighty prerogatives 
and perils of youth are recognized 
by it — characteristics, significant 
not more in their relation to the 
present than as heralds of manhood 
and womanhood. No institution 
has sprung into the realm of exist- 
ence but had its harbingers and 
surely the institutions of the several 
periods through which man passes 
in the progression of life forms 
no exception. As the dawn marks 
the fading away of the midnight 
shades and the gradual advance of 
the noonday splendor, likewise does 
youth indicate the retreating of the 
purity, passiveness, and innocence 
of infancy and the approach of sin- 
fulness, activity and responsibility 
Youth is marahood's and womatt* 





e of 

hood's period of preparation, their 
index, their father. This forerun- 
ner of the adult period engraves 
deeply and distinctly upon the tab- 
let of the mind moral or immoral, 
religious or irreligious, principles 
and clearly does the moral seer rec- 
cognize in these inscriptions the 
future man or woman. As youth 
keeps pure or defiles the body — the 
temple of the living God — so man- 
hood's and womanhood's heritage 
will be accordingly for nature will 
reward. Youth as a might poten- 
tate wields its silken, or iron 
sceptre of habits as the latter are 
good or bad, and the future periods 
of life must yield ; it chooses the 
vocation, home, companion, friends 
and literature for coming years. 
Youth, indeed, is the architect of 
character, and though the follies 
of early life may be wrenched by 
the grace of God in later years, the 
shadows of youth have been cast. 
The law of cause and coi sequence 
is indelibly stamped upon all 
nature, and as the botanist recog- 
nizes in the tiny embryo the future 
plant, so does nature's student 
perceive in youth the sphere of 
later life. The indexes of youth 
are as varied and numerous as there 
are individuals. Since youth is an 
index of the representatives of the 
home, society and the nation it is 
an index of the latter. It is the 
antecedent of civilization. Educate 
the young and the nation will be 
crowned with Hellenic honors ; de- 
velop a fine physique and the 
ominous clouds of warfare will be 

deprived of their honor; instil 

moral aud religious principles and 
the King of Nations will bestow 
his approbation. National char- 
acter is but a reflection of the 
education of its youth and differs 
from other nations as the latter 
varies. Public opinion springs 
from principles impressed in early 
life and laws are but the reflex of 
these. The triumph of Cromwell 
over Charles I when engaged as 
youths in a quarrel, over a playful 
sport was regarded as a bad prestage 
for the future monarch when he 
and the future protector, as gen- 
erals of armies, opposed each other 
in war and true it proved. The 
conquering armies of the past have 
been armies of youths, determining 
the destiny of nations. * 'The his- 
tory of heroes is the history of 
youth. ' ' Wisely is the church lay- 
ing hold of the enthusiasm and 
strength of youth to give vitality 
to her organization . The Christian 
organizations of millions of young 
people are a good indtx of the pro- 
gress and influence of the church 
and her ultimate triumph. In 
inaugurating great reforms, the 
Teacher of Teachers recognized the 
power of youth when 4 4 he called 
the youthful James and John to his 
work and left the aged Zebedee ; 
the young and enthusiastic Saul 
and passed by the venerable Gama- 
liel ; and the ardent Luther and 
passed by the aged Staupitz." 
Says some one "The blood of the 
martyrs proved to be the seed of 
the church" and now the blood of 



the young people may be said to be 
the life of the church. Yea, is not 
all of the present life but a period 
of youth and an index of the life 
beyond the grave? Great is the 
power and responsibility of youth 
for it is an age of decision. Upon 
the face of its great clock, ever 
true, is indicated the future and 
within it swings the pendulum of 

From Earth to Sky* 


This is an age of progress, and 
of all the arts music has made the 
greatest universal strides. Univer- 
sal because it permeates all corners 
of existence, for wherever man is 
found, there will be music in some 
form or other. 

Purity, power and passion, were 
in the souls of the ancients but they 
were unable to express those emo- 
tions in music. At the present 
time, with the deepening and ever 
increasing development of the men- 
tal powers, music has kept pace. 
"Music, " said Franz Liszt, "is 
never stationary ; successive forms 
and styles are like so many resting 
places — like tents pitched and taken 
down again on the road to the 

The earliest forms were very 
simple, the range of tones which 
they employed , narrow. 
"Heaven is not reached by a single bound, 
But we built the ladder by which we rise 
From the lowly earth to the vaulted skies, 
And we mount to its summit round by 
round " 

So from time to time more and 
more tones were added until we 
have the music of today, but the 
end is by no means yet attained, 
we are still climbing the ladder 
striving to reach the ideal. 

One writer says, "No art is exer- 
cising such a strong influence on 
the human race at present as the 
art of music. It has become so 
thoroughly a part of our existence 
that we rarely pause to consider to 
what extent we are enveloped in 
sweet sounds or how irremediably 
its loss would be to us." It has 
become an important element of 
modern culture, a subject about 
which few cultured people desire to 
be considered ignorant. Music is 
making progress because many 
more are able to render good music 
well and many more are learning 
to appreciate it than in times past. 

Tinkling sounds have had their 
day, it is good music and plently of 
it which the people of today want. 
In the desire to improve our musi- 
cal taste we must be careful to avoid 
trash. The lighter music appeals 
to and excites only the senses, 
while classical music appeals to the 
mind and heart, scientifically it 
makes demands on the intellect. 

In order to comprehend its mean- 
ing one must have a certain degree 
of mental capacity. Then we must 
not think music is good just 
cause it is difficult, or trash w 
it is only a simple composition- 
A singer who in an artistic manner 
renders a simple ballad is far better 
than a conductor who attempts an 


oratorio beyond his capabilities, 
only to completely murder it. 
''Home, Sweet Home," when sung 
by Patti as she alone can sing it, 
did more to make her popular than 
any thing else she has ever sung. 

Confucius said one hundred 
years before Plato, " Would' st thou 
know if a people be well governed, 
if its manners be good or bad, ex- 
amine the music it practices." 
Perhaps he already realized that a 
nations characteristics are mirrored 
in its music. If we examine the 
history of music in this country we 
can well see the force of this saying. 
It had its origin in the stern and 
prosaic Puritans and Pilgrims, then 
musical activity was confined to 
psalmody, directed rather by art 
than religious impulses. For near- 
ly two centuries the study of the 
music of our country is simply the 
the study of psalmody in its various 
stages, until Lowell Mason gave it 
new object and direction. It is 
well worth noting in this connec- 
tion that the war songs which were 
the most popular and lasting were 
those which possessed the greatest 
merit from a critical point of view. 
There never has been such ' limit- 
less riches of means of expression" 
as at the present day and never has 
music appealed to so large a class 
of people. It has become a neces- 
sity in our school, in fact at all 
gatherings music is a prominent 
feature. Concerts and operas are 
patronized night after night, year 
after year, by thousands with ever 
increasing attraction . Much credit 

is due the conductors of orchestras 
for this advancement in music, but 
above all praise is due the large 
army of teachers who instil into 
their pupils the love of the good 
and beautiful in music. 

Is it strange that this art above 
all others should make such gigan- 
tic strides ? Ah no ! It is the art 
which was born in heaven, "the 
language spoken by the angels, ' ' as 
Longfellow beautifully expresses 
it. Perhaps Marie Corelli thought 
of this when she made her dreamy 
B v eraz surmise, " The first strains 
of the glorious ' Tannhauser' may 
have been played on the harps of 
heaven, and rolling sw r eetly through 
space, may have touched in far 
echoes the brain of the musician 
who afterward gave it form and 

A heavenly choir heralded the 
birth of our Savior and in song we 
will render our praises in the world 
to come. And still progress goes 
rolling onward steadily and rapidly 
as before. The possibilities are 


u In every atom lies a song, 
Could we but disenthrall it." 


Boys in room, 
Deck of cards, 
President came, 
Boys in shame. 


Ask Harry if it isn't very un- 
pleasant to have flour thrown over 
you when you are hugging your 
best girl. 



The College Forum, 

THE COLLEGE FORUM is published 
monthly throughout the college year by the 
Philokosmian Literary Society of Lebanon 
Valley College, 


t E. BUNK, '99, Editor-in -Chief. 
D. M. Oyer, '01. C. E. Snokk, '00. 
C. V. Clippinger, '99. R. K. Buttkuwick, '0'. 


W. G. Ci.ippingkr, '99, Business Manager. 

8. F. Daughekty.'OO. Assistant Business Manager 

Terms t Fifty cents a year, five cents a copy. 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be forwards 
ed to all subscribers until an order is receive 
ed for its discontinuance, and until all arrears 
ages have been paid. 

Artdres* all communications, articles for publi- 
cation, exchanges, etc., to \V. G. Clippings, 
Box 155, Annville, Pa. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., as 
second-class mail mtitter. 

Opening — Winter Term* 

At this writing, the Winter Term 
is opening briskly with about fif- 
teen new students, and all the old 
ones returned, or returning. Some 
of the students had taken advan- 
tage of the vacation to get their 
share of la grippe and be done with 
it ; others had abandoned them- 
selves to Christmas sweet-meats 
and holiday sport, and still others 
reported a quiet time with no skat- 
ing nor sleighing. 

Most of the students assembled 
in the Chapel at the time of open- 
ing, Tuesday, io a. m. Professors 
and students joined in singing 
' ' Holy , Holy , Lord G od Almighty , ' ' 
which w r as followed with Scripture 
reading and prayer by our College 

pastor, Rev. D. S. Eshelman. The 
President then addressed a few 
words of welcome to the students, 
wishing them all a Happy and suc- 
cessful New Year, and lessons were 
assigned for the following day. 

Wednesday morning brought al- 
most the entire student body to the 
chapel service. At the conclusion 
of the devotional exercises, our 
President, Dr. Roop, spoke some- 
what as follows : As your motto for 
the New Year, I will give you three 
sentences, each two words long, — 
the noblest, wisest and best sen- 
tences that have come into this 
world. The first sentence is in 
Greek, — it is "Know thyself;" the 
second is in Latin, — Control thy- 
self;" the third sentence is Chris- 
tian, — and is "Deny thyself." Soc- 
rates said the first; Marcus Aure- 
luis said the second, and Jesus 
Christ said the third. They are 
arranged in their proper order as 
given. The President spoke of the 
necessity of knowing self, — where 
strong, where weak, where medio- 
cre, where common-place. Re- 
member for what you are here, 
principally to study. Few crimes 
are worse than waste of time. 

Let principles of Christian man- 
hood and womanhood control you. 
Be men, be women. There are 
many things beyond our control. 
But man can and should control 
himself. It is disgusting to see a 
man lie down at the feet of every 
vice that tempts him. Be careful 
of your money. Be careful of the 
associations you form. Form no 



associations here which you would 
not under the eye of your parents. 
Control your habits, your disposi- 
tions. When Jesus said deny self, 
he did not mean that you should 
deny the real self, the true self, but 
deny the base, the selfish self. 
Proper self-denial results in elevat- 
ing and ennobling the whole man. 
Be kind and courteous to one an- 
other. Think on these things. 
These words came from a warm 
heart, and will be a stimulus to all 
who heard them. 

Regular work was begun to-day, 
each of the professors outlining the 
subjects and giving preliminary 

The students are here for work 
and on the whole are truly in earn- 
est. Good results may be expected. 

The enrollment for the collegiate 
year '98 and '99, in all departments, 
to-day is two hundred and five 
(205). We know of others who 
are coming. The success of the 
past term has been great. It is 
the purpose of teachers and stu- 
dents to make the present term 
even more successful. To realize 
it, we need the co-operation and 
prayers of the whole church. 


Y, W. G A, 

ANNA S. MYERS, '99. 

Mrs. Nellie Lowrey, our College 
Secretary, visited the association 
at the beginning of the Fall Term. 
She met the different committees, 
giving them plans and suggestions 

concerning their work, which prov- 
ed helpful to us. 

The object of the Y. W. C. A. 
is to uplift the womanhood of our 
land, for by the womanhood of our 
country we can, in a large measure 
judge the character of our citizens. 

A number of new girls have join- 
ed our association and, it is our 
aim to make it as pleasant as pos- 
sible for them in order that they 
may enjoy their stay with us. 
When new students enter College 
we ask them to join our literary 
society, why not ask them first to 
join our association, then the liter- 
ary society, it is as important to 
educate the heart as it is to educate 
the mind. 

The Y. W. C. A. should have a 
warm friend in every young wo- 
man. The strong appeal of this 
organization should come with so 
much force to every young lady at 
Lebanon Valley College that not 
one would hesitate in joining our 


Y, M. C A, Notes. 

The last meeting of the Y. M. 
C. A. for the Fall term was held 
December 18. The subject "Glad 
Tidings" was thoroughly discussed 
by many of the members each 
one looking forward to a pleasant 
Christmas tide. 

On Sunday, December 4, a very 
excellent joint meeting of the Y. 
W. C. A. and the Y. M. C. A. was 



held in the College Chapel. These 
joint meetings are held regularly 
on the last Sunday of each month 
and are known as missionary meet- 
ings. They are always interesting 
but the last was especially so, as 
the biographies of our fallen heroes 
in Africa, were discussed by various 
members of the associations. 

Doubtless many useful lessons 
were gained from the history of 
lives so precious and so glorious as 
those of the recently massacred 

Messrs. A. E. Shroyer and D. 
M. Oyer were the representatives 
to the seventh district convention 
held at Shippensburg, December 
2-4. From the report given we 
find our association to be up to the 
average college associations. We 
are glad to know that such is the 
case but why not endeavor to make 
it even better than the average ? 


Motive in Education. 


For every effect there is a corres- 
ponding cause. Man's acts are but 
effects, and for each deed there is a 
moving cause or reason. This 
cause or reason we term motive. 
As we reason from effect to cause 
so we reason from action to motive. 
It is only by the action of a man 
that we can judge of his motive. 
Let us very briefly consider what 
some of these motives are and how 
we may educate them. 

We choose to classify motives 

under two heads, designated by 
desire and duty. We shall name 
but a few of the stronger ones un- 
der each head. 

As a desire, pleasure first claims 
our attention. Indeed, some old 
philosophers claimed that all mo- 
tives could ultimately be traced to 
a desire for pleasure, and its oppo. 
site, aversion to pain. This desire 
is egotistic. There is another, a 
nobler, altruistic desire, that of 
promoting the happiness of others. 
While this motive is not universal, 
it is nevertheless general. It finds 
its highest exemplification in the 
obedience to the command, "Love 
thy neighbor as thyself." 

Another motive, instinctive, is 
the desire for society. It manifests 
itself in early life, and increases in 
young manhood and womanhood. 

A strong motive is found in the 
desire to be and to do good. Man 
desires the approval of his con- 
science. His conscience can ap- 
prove only of what is good, and is 
diverted from this course only by 

While the desires named are more 
distinctly psychical, there are strong 
physical desires. These are sum- 
med up in the common term, appe- 

Desire, as we have seen, is a 
feeling arising from the contempla- 
tion of some pleasure to be derived, 
some good to be obtained. 

Duty is a fundamental principle 
of our mind. Having a perception 
of the right, there invariably ac- 
companies it the sense of oblige 



tion or duty to do the right. 

To abstain from all things which 
may harm us is a duty we owe self, 
and which we designate self-control, 
s Feelings of resentment arising from 
d wrongs done us, as well as propen- 
>- sities for intemperate indulgences, 
:o need be held in check. 
> Prominent among the duties we 

:e owe self is culture. Man is endow- 
a ed by the Creator with certain pow- 
ers and capabilities, and it is his 
's. duty so to cultivate them that he 
il, may accomplish the greatest good, 
is Pleasure is transient; a cultured 
^ mind is wealth unlimited, 
ve The recognition of our duty to 

society is a strong motive. This 
is duty forbids that we deprive one 
sts fellow being of life; that we destroy 
in his liberty, or interfere with his 

pursuit of happiness, 
he A stronger motive than the last 

an is our duty to the family. It mi- 
ni- pels the parent to put forth the ut- 
ip- most efforts to secure the welfare 
is and happiness of the child, both 
by present and future. It leads chil- 
dren to reverence and love their 
ore parents, issuing in obedience to 
>ng them. By no means least, are our 
lm- duties to each other as brothers and 
)pe- sisters. Strong as is the bond of 
love between parent and child, 
s a home has not attained to its high- 
pla- est ideality unless it has among its 
red, number a brother, not only in name 
but in deed; and unless it has 
ipk among its number a sister worthy 
tion of a brother's adoration and love, 
ac- Unfortunate is the young man who 
iga- has grown up without the assist^ 

ance of the kind hand and loving 
heart of a sister. 

The conception of one's duty to 
God is a very strong motive to ac- 
tion. As Creator, with the attri- 
butes of omniscience and omnipo- 
tence, he demands of man rever- 
ence, love, and obedience. 

And how may these motives be 
educated ? By elevating the moral 
standard, placing before the indi- 
vidual higher ideals, and training 
the will to right action. This must 
be begun at home and continued in 

The home is the child's abode 
during the years of its most sus- 
ceptible impressions. Here the 
mother's grand and loving work 
begins. She may teach by pre- 
cept very effectively, but the child's 
unfaltering confidence in the good- 
ness of the parent renders example 
by far the more potent factor in 
the final conception of a moral 
standard. Here begins the work 
of pointing the child to a higher 
sphere, to higher ideals. Here, as 
well, the child receives its first 
training of will, in obedience to 
authority, issuing from reverence 
for the source of the authority. 

Recognizing the nobility and 
grandeur of the parent's work, we 
can the better appreciate the duties 
of one engaged in that noblest of 
professions — fashioning the intel- 
lect, educating the conscience, 
moulding the character, and shap- 
ing the destinies of future genera- 
tions of men and women— the pro- 
fession of teaching. The teacher 




is charged with the duty of continu- 
ing this grand work begun at home. 
As age increases and the intellect 
is broadened the conception of a 
moral standard should be corres- 
pondingly elevated. Ideals should 
be placed in a higher sphere, to the 
attainment of which motive must 
impel. The will should be trained 
to obedience, not only to individual 
authority, but to institutional au- 
thority, the state. The responsi- 
bility of the exercise of a free will 
should be taught. Its exercise 
with a view to the attainment of 
the great end of life — to life com- 
pletely — should be paramount. The 
highest motives should always be 
instilled in the mind. These are 
the religious motives. Man is nat- 
urally a religious being, and the 
possession of these highest motives 
w r ill be a powerful impulse toward 
the attainment of the most nearly 
perfect life, whose influence is not 
only temporal, but whose influence 
endures after the body itself has 
been withdrawn from this stage of 



Miss Lillie Dundor has been quite 
ill for several weeks. 

Mrs. Dougherty, of Steelton, 
visited her son, John C, Dec. 10. 

Mrs. , Sollenberger, of Harris- 
burg, visited her son, C. A., Dec. 6. 

Dr. Vallerchamp called to see 
his daughters, Clara and Jennie, 
Dec. 13. 

Miss Hertzog, of Elizabethtown, 
was visiting among friends Dec. 17. 

Bishop Kephart preached in the 
AnnvilleU. B. Church, New Year's 

Miss Wolfe and Mrs. Roop spent 
Saturday, Dec. 3 with friends in 

Professor and Mrs. Daugherty 
were visiting relatives in Highspire 
and Baltimore. 

President Roop spent the most 
of vacation in the field soliciting 
students and money. 

Professor Lehman has been col- 
lecting some funds for the new 
astronomical telescope. 

Dr. Roop preached in Covenant 
U. B. Church, Lancaster, New 
Year's morning and evening. 

Miss Bess Seltzer, of Lebanon, 
was visiting among her many 
friends at the College, Dec. 12. 

Rev. I. E. Runk was at his home 
at Avon, Dec. 4, where he preach- 
ed for his father in the evening. 

President Roop was in Lebanon 
Dec. 3d, transacting business rela- 
tive to the best interests of the Col- 

Mrs. Dr. Roop and Miss Wolfe, 
our Professor of English, spent 
three days of their vacation in New 
York City. 

Mr. Ulrich, who had been at 
home for some time on account of 
his brother's illness, returned to his 
work at the College, Dec. 4. 



Dr. and Mrs. Roop spent Sun- 
day, Dec. ii at Karrisburg, where 
the Dr. preached in the Taberna- 
cle Baptist Church. 

MissRhoda Riegel, Prescott, Pa., 
was a pleasant caller at the College 
Dec. 17, the guest of her cousin, 
Miss Nora Spayd. 

Prof. Daugherty was absent from 
his class-room on Dec. 19, having 
gone to New Cumberland to attend 
the funeral of a niece. 

C. V. Clippinger and H. E. Spes- 
sard stopped at Miss Shelley's 
home from Tuesday until Friday, 
on their way home from school. 

Mr. C. H. Koontz, a former stu- 
dent here, but at present a student 
at Philadelphia Dental College, 
spent Thursday, Dec. 15, with 
Prof. Spangler and A. E. Arnfield, 

On Dec. 4 Miss Susie Moyer en- 
tertained the following students at 
her home at Derry Church: Misses 
Anna Myers and Nellie Buffington, 
Messrs. C. E. Snoke, H. H. Baish 
and A. G. Smith. 

Miss Edith S. Grabill, whose ill- 
ness we mentioned in last issue, 
recovered sufficiently to be remov- 
ed to her home at Lancaster, Dec. 
6th. We are glad to know that 
she is much improved at this writ- 

Dr. Roop addressed the Men's 
Mass Meeting in the Fulton Opera 
House, Lancaster, the first Sabbath 
of the J^ew year. Tlys & ^a44 to 

be the third largest Men's Meeting 
in the United States. It was the 
President's second address to them. 
Mrs. Roop sang beautifully two 

Professor Oldham and Mrs. Dr. 
Roop, of the Department of Music, 
assisted in the concert given in the 
Lebanon Business College, under 
the auspices of the Ladies' Mite 
Society, of the Trinity XL B. 
Church, on the evening of Jan- 
uary 2. 

A. T. Sumner gave two address- 
es before the people of Harrisburg, 
Sunday, Dec. 11. The good peo- 
ple showed their appreciation of 
his work by making him a present 
of a good, new overcoat and other 
articles for his comfort during these 
cold days. 


Among the Societies* 


Esse Quam Videra. 


Another term with its labors and 
pleasures is past and a new term is 
before us. The past term has been 
a very succeasful one, the society 
has gained both in numbers and 
literary ability. The programs 
were always well rendered, each 
member endeavored to do his best 
when having a part in the exercises. 
Every Philo. worked earnestly for 
the welfare of the society and his 
labors ]aave not t>een in vain. The 



future is judged by the past. Our 
past deeds speak tor themselves in 
the general prosperity of the society. 
Therefore judging our future by 
our past we are assured of greater 
excellence awaiting those whose 
guiding star and controlling influ- 
ence is "to be rather than to seem. ' ' 

The following are the officers for 
the term : President, Runk, '99 ; 
vice president, Oyer, '01 ; recording 
secretary, S. F. Daugherty, '01 ; 
critic, Eichinger ; corresponding 
secretary, W. O. Roop, 'oi ; chap- 
lain, Emenheiser, '01 ; editor, 
Myers, 'oo ; janitor, John Daugh- 
erty ; organist, Alfred Sumner, '02. 

The society was visited by the 
following persons during the past 
month : Rev. Eshleman, Mr. and 
Mrs. Coover, Mrs. Eichinger, Miss 
Eichinger, and Mr. Barnhart. 


Virhide et Fide. 


The officers for the ensuing term 
are as follows : President, Anna S. 
Myers, '99 ; vice president, Leah 
Cora Hartz. '99 ; recording secre- 
tary, Reba F. Lehman, '00 ; critic, 
Annie Kreider, '00 ; chaplain, Alma 
Mae Light, '99 ; corresponding sec- 
retary, Emma R. Batdorf, '99 ; 
treasurer, Lizzie Kreider ; librarian, 
Susie Mover, 'oi ; editor, Arabelle 
E. Batdorf ; pianist, Susie F. Herr. 

On Friday evening, December 
16, a very pleasant joint session 

was held with our brother Kalos. 
All that participated in the program 
performed their productions in an 
admirable manner. These meet- 
ings are always enjoyed by all and 
it is with much pleasure that we 
look forward to the meetings next 
term. Many visitors were present, 
among them Misses Clara and Jen- 
nie Vallerschamp, Castle, Hertzler, 
Behm, Doutrich, Stoner, and 
Seltzer, Messrs. Hershey, Hollinger 
and Fisher. 

How rapidly our school days are 
passing. Again we have come to 
the close of another term's work. 
The questions before us are, Have 
we accomplished all we could and 
should have done ? Have we been 
as faithful in our society as w T ell as 
in our school work as we should 
have been? I am afraid many of 
us must say, No. Oh, if we could 
only realize how short our school 
days are how faithful we would be 
in the performance of our duties. 
How much kinder we w T ould be to 
our associates. If all of us would 
stop to think there would be less 
jealousy, no unkind remarks would 
be passed and we would be filled 
with a higher, nobler purpose. 

Morning devotion, 
Great commotion, 
Roop was funny, 
Pres was glummy. 

Result : 
Roop did inherit 
One demerit. 



Conservatory of Music* 

During the present month the 
following exercises will occur : 
Faculty and Students' Recital about 
28th, and two private recitals by 
the students. 

The recital in February will be 
given up to ' 'opera, " and w T ill con- 
sist of abstracts from the favorite 
operas by the faculty and students. 
The scale contest will be held in 
the first week of February. 

Director Oldham and Mrs. Roop 
are putting into rehearsal Katherine 
Wallace Davis' "Cradle Songs of 
Many Nations/' This will be 
given in the near future by a com- 
pany of young girls from six to 
sixteen years old and in costume of 
the various nations, and will be for 
the benefit of the Conservatory. 


The Power of Music. 

C. V. CUPPINGER, '99. 

How often, even for a moment, 
do we stop to consider the raptu- 
rous charms of music ? 

What a power it has to soften, 
melt and enchain by its rapturous 
chords ? 

Truly there is power in music, an 
almost omnipotent power, a power 
which dominates over the will and 
the soul, a power which wall force 
it to bow down and worship, it will 
wring adoration from it and compel 
the heart to yield to its treasures 
of love. 

Music calls the religious devotee 

to worship, the patriot to his coun- 
try's altar, the philanthropist to his 
generous work, the friend to the 
altar of friendship and the lover to 
the side of his beloved. It elevates, 
empowers and strengthens them 

The most perfect of all musical 
instruments is the human voice and 
w T ell it may be for it had the most 
skillful maker — God, whose crea- 
tions are all perfect. The voice 
should be cultivated to sing the 
tones of love to man and God, 
around the fireside, in the social 
circle, at the altar of God it should 
pour forth melodious praise. Music 
sweetens the cup of bitterness, soft- 
ens the hand of w r ant, lightens the 
burden of life, makes the heart 
courageous and the soul cheerfully 
devout. Into the soul of child- 
hood and youth it pours a tide of 
redeeming influence. It breathes a 
holy inspiration into the soul to 
elevate, refine and spiritualize. No 
deadness can exist in a soul that is 
pouring forth a tide of music ; its 
very recesses are astir, everything 
within becomes active, the per- 
ceptions acute, the affections warm 
and moral sensibilities quick and 
sensitive. When we see how much 
the world needs awakening we can 
think of no power better calculated 
to do it than that which dwells in 
the mysterious melodies of music. 

Music can also be acted as well 
as sung. The heart may make 
music when the lips are dumb. A 
simple word may be full of music 
and stir the pulses to new and better 



emotions and the soul to higher 
joys. The harmony of a well-or- 
dered life is the most graceful mu- 
sic. The tender cares and caresses 
of a wife, the kindred gentleness 
and affection of the husband, the 
quiet and ready obedience of the 
children, do not all these make a 
household of music that in the land 
beyond shall be chanted by choirs 
of angels? 

If only sound were music how 
many there are who would be de- 
nied that delightful solace. Some 
there are who cannot sing, yet 
whose natures are the finest harps 
from which an unheard melody is 
continually ascending. 

Oh tell me where music is not ! 
We hear it in the pensive sound of 
the autumnal wind, we see it in 
the sparkling flow of the bright 
river, we hear it as it were in the 
morning stars. It is in all the ele- 
ments; the flame has a cheerful 
hum of its own, the water rip- 
ples with music, the raindrops sing 
as they fall, and the Almighty hath 
made man to sing songs to him 
throughout all eternity. 

The world needs music, its poor 
cry aloud for it, they are tired of 
the inharmonious dun of toil and a 
few sweet notes bring with them 
hours of pleasure to the weary and 


Harry H. challenges the school 
to combat. Weapons are a pocket 
feaife agaijast ft§ts, clubhand water. 


The "Otterbein iBgis" for No- 
vember contains a very able ad- 
dress on "The Present Critical Con- 
dition of France.* ' In this the 
speaker decries the flagrant injus- 
tice in the late Dreyfuss affair as 
well as prophecies coming trou- 
ble to the Jew of that country, sim- 
ilar to that of the Huguenots in 
former years. 

The "Eatonian" is, as usual, a 
very strong exchange for Novem- 
ber. Among its many strong arti- 
cles is "Life a Dualism;' ' this is a 
fine discussion of a subject that can 
not too often be brought before the 
minds of college students. We 
quote the following from the arti- 
cle : 

"Life is a dualism. The world 
gives to man only what he has put 
into it. Fate no longer presides 
over his destiny; luck no longer 
rules his fortunes; but law, stern, 
unalterable is over all, giving out 
to each one the reward of his ac- 

Not long ago, with wrathful pen, 
To death and torture we consigned 
The fiend who shouted "Rubber neck," 
And this result have wrought, we find : 

The fiend aforesaid heard our words 
And recognized them as the truth, 
And so he hollers "Rubber" now 
That he may save his "neck " forsooth. 

— Dickinsonim 

Young ladies at the breaking up 
of a party are like arrows— they 
can't get off without a beau and 
are all in a quiver until they d° 
get one.— fix, 




Said whiskered med 
To a fair co-ed: 

'Tm like a ship at sea; 
Exams are near, 
And much I fear 

I will unlucky be." 

"Then," murmured she, 
"A shore I'll be; 

Come, rest, thy journey o'er." 
Then darkness fell, 
And all was well — 

For the ship that hugged the 
shore. — Ex. 

At the Theatre : 

Down in the pit 

The Freshmen sit, 

The Sophomore's just behind ; 

And next within the balcony, 

The Juniors you will find, 

Above them far 

The Seniors are, 

And hold their lofty station; 

To rise above the common herd 

Is quite their aspiration. 

— The M uklen burg . 


Brownmiller — I think Anabasis 
was a greater man than Xenophon. 


Mr. S. has a hard time to become 
a girl, even the President opposes it. 

Rensselaer % & 
/^Polytechnic 7 *^ 

% Troy, N.Y. 

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Eastman Business College | I The System of Teaching 

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No better illustration of the value of 
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than the success of those who have 
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Bv the old way, training for business 
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A Thorough Business Man 

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BUSINESS HOUSES supplied with com- 
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. L. Lemberger. Frank Gleim. 


9th and Cumb Sts.. LEBANON, PA, 

Our claim in all we do : 

QUALITY— Of first importance-ACCURACY. 


18 and 20 W. /lain St., ANNVILLE. 



Anyone iendln? a efcetcb and description may 
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beautifully illustrated, Jnrpe?t circulation of 
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Finest ORGAN Made. 

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Lateral Interlinear, 
67 Volumes. 


German, French, 
Italian, Spanish, 
Iiatin and Greek. 

Arthur Hinds & Co 

4 Cooper Institute. NEW YORK. 

Superior Advantages. Most Reasonable Rates. 



FOUNDED 1866. 
© ^r#^b'<9 ^b^^>® ^y#^ty# # 


1. Three Commodious Buildings, the fourth in course of erection; 
Full Classical, Scientific and Musical Courses, the equal of any in the 

2. An able Faculty ; High Standard 5 Progressive Methods; and a 
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3. Environments of the Most Helpful Character in Social, Mora* 
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4. A Fine Campus of about Ten Acres for Athletic Sports, and a 
well-equipped Gymnasium. 

Winter Term begins January 3d ? Spring Term, March 28, 1899. 
address, rev. H. U. ROOP, Ph. D., President, 

Annville, Pa. 

Stephen Lane Folger, 

Manufacturing Jeweler. 
Clab, College & fraternity 
Emblems, Watches, Dia- 
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Special Designs, also Estimates Furnished. 





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FEBRUARY, 1899. 

Annville, Pa. 



22 East Main St-, ANNVILLE 

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buy cheaper from us than away from home, 
and have a large stock to select from. 


Tip. Leontiarfft & Son, 


5th and Library Sts„ PHILA- 

Diplomas and Certificates of Mem/ 

Also Commercial Work our Specialty* 

If you want to Buy a Hat Right, and a Right 
Hat, or anything in 


G0 T0 Erb & Craumer, 

8th and Cumfe, Sts,, LEBANON, PA, 



Wholesale and Ketail Dealer in 

Pamiliesand Entertainments Supplied with OVs- 

H, S. WOLF. 


Green Groceries and Confectioneries* 


New Gommonweaitn Sip Store, 

7S3 Cumfc. St., LEBANON, PA. 

Makes it a special object to students in 
the way of a liberal discount to buy their 
SHOES of them, 


West Main St., ANNVILLE, PA. 




Vol XIL No, 1, ANNVILLE, PA„ FEBRUARY, 1899, Whole No, 117 

The Wanderer. 


He was old ; for his beard was streaked 

with gray, 
And he moved so very slow, 
His voice had a tone of sadness, 
His form was bent and low ; 
His eyes were almost sightless, 
And his face was strangely pale, 
His lips were drawn and shriveled. 
And kept back a mournful tale. 

His clothes were old ; his black tattered 

Loosely hung o'er his feeble form, 
His hat was crushed ; it had stood the 

Of many a howling storm, 

His hands were small wrinkled, 

Aud grasped a wooden cane, 

His head was bowed, aud doubtfully, 

He shook it again and again. 

His heart was old ; it had throbbed these 

O'er many a joyous scene, 
It had braved some pleasant moments, 
And the burdens that lie between, 
Who knows but it may have harbored 
A stranger, whose garb is love, 
Who knows but it once was broken, 
And maybe it now must rove. 

His life was old ; he had spent the best 
And the fragments alone remain, 
The life once smiling with sunshine, 
Is clouded, and dripping with rain, 
Life was new, and the friends w T ere many- 

Some proved faithless, some dead and 

Life is old, and he sits by the wayside, 
A wanderer, all alone. 

Our Military System, 

J. P. BATDORF, '99. 

Some of the fatal blundering in 
the conduct of the war may be trac- 
ed to a bad system. When a bad 
system is left to be administered by 
incompetent men the results are 

After the Civil War in our coun- 
try was concluded, supreme mili- 
tary power was continued in the 
general commanding of our armies. 
The confidence of the people in 
General Grant was so great that no 
scheming bureau office, or ambi- 
tious civilians, or avaricious con- 
tract seekers could for a moment 
interfere with him and his complete 
command of the army. When 
General Grant became president of 
the United States and Sherman 
was advanced to the grade of gen- 
eral, it was the purpose of Presi- 
dent Grant to continue the com- 
mand of the army under direction 
of the general. But Grant chang- 



ed his plans, greatly to the disap- 
pointment of General Sherman and 
greatly to the detriment of our 
country. When General Sherman 
assumed command of the army he 
issued an order announcing the 
members of his staff. Immediate- 
ly upon the issuance of that order , 
the authorities of the War Depart- 
ment surrounded General Rawlins, 
who was Secretary of War and a 
good military man, and they had 
no difficulty in convincing him 
that the staff officers of the army 
should be appointed and controlled 
by the Secretary of War, and not 
by the general. Secretary Raw- 
lins being thoroughly convinced of 
that policy towards which his mil- 
itary mind naturally turned, went 
to President Grant and requested 
him to change the order that gave 
the power of appointing the officers 
for the army to General Sherman. 
When General Sherman was not 
permitted to name these staff offi- 
cers, he announced that his occu- 
pation was gone and that he was 
not needed in the army any longer, 
and the grizzled veteran returned 
to his home and refused to issue 
any orders for over a year. Ever 
since that time civilian Secretaries 
of War have dominated the War 
Department and this condition of 
affairs was continued, because our 
country has been at peace and no 
harm could come of such manage- 

Now that we have had a war 
with a foreign country, the people 
must see the conditions that have 

resulted from this mismanagement 
of the War Department by a civil- 
ian secretary who presumed himself 
to be a military man. During the 
past two years it has been appar- 
ent to politicians, statesmen, and 
military men that war with Spain 
was practicably unavoidable, con- 
sequently the Senior Major Gener- 
al of the army of the United States 
in his headquarters at Washington, 
carefully prepared for the inevta- 
ble conflict, just as von Moltke in 
Berlin prepared for the war with 

For two long years General Miles 
carefully studied the islands of 
Cuba and Porto Rico, the location 
of the rivers, brooks, and swamps 
and familiarized himself with the 
location of the hills and valleys, 
the highways and byways that he 
found all over the islands. He 
made plans of campaign to meet 
all possible conditions according to 
the size of the army that might be 
placed at his disposal, and in every 
way endeavored to make the army 
of the United States just as invinci- 
ble as von Moltke made the army 
of Germany. When 70,000,000 
American people declared war 
against Spain, there was only one 
man in the entire 70,000,000 who 
was prepared for that war, and 
that one man was Major General 
Nelson A. Miles, 

When war with France began, 
Moltke was the only soldier in 
Germany fully equipped for the 
command of the German army. 
He commanded and led it to vie- 



tory. When war w T ith Spain be- 
gan General Miles was the only 
American soldier prepared for the 
command of our army; but he was 
not permitted to assume control. 
Why ? During the six weeks pre- 
ceding the declaration of war the 
general frequently consulted with 
the Secretary of War and with the 
President of the United States, 
giving them information of great 
value. It w T as General Miles wdio 
informed the President that there 
were no more than four rounds of 
ammunition, in the entire country, 
for our ten inch guns and no more 
than eight rounds for our eight 
inch guns. The President also 
learned from General utiles that we 
were without modern equipments 
for our soldiers and totally unpre- 
pared for the transportation of 
large bodies of men. For this rea- 
son the President so long restrain- 
ed the members of Congress when 
they desired to rush hastily into 
war with Spain. It was through 
General Miles that the President 
requested of Congress an appropria- 
tion of $50,000,000 for the national 
defense. Our navy w z as strength- 
ed at every point, our battle ships 
w r ell supplied w r ith every require- 
ment except smokeless powder. 

Before hostilities began, General 
Miles discovered where he could 
secure 2000 pounds of smokeless 
pow T der. He desired to secure that 
powder but was overruled by the 
Secretary of War. Therefore it 
was that our soldiers on Cuban and 
Porto Ricau soil were obliged to 

go into battle enveloped in the 
smoke of their own guns thereby 
becoming targets for the enemy, 
while the Spaniards with smokeless 
powder pitilessly rained bullets up- 
on them, no smoke from their own 
weapons betraying their presence. 
It need not be said that if these 
officers had been under the com- 
mand of General Miles as they 
should have been, our boys would 
have had smokeless powder with 
w r hich to fight, sufficient transpor- 
tation, well equipped hospital ships, 
ample supplies of food and well 
disciplined medical attendants. 

The war is over and peace once 
more reigns supreme. We criti- 
cise not that we desire to stir up 
ill feelings, but that w r e may learn 
by a careful investigation of past 
failures such knowledge as will 
make their future occurence im- 


Eulogy — Henry Dmmmonc). 


Ever since man began to think 
and observe, a relentless and un- 
ceasing conflict has been waging 
between the material and immater- 
ial, the visible and the invisible, and 
between science and religion. In 
the midst of this turmoil and strife, 
— Wheo all the world was in a maze; 
when religion was robbed of its 
celestial glory by the distorted fig- 
ures of false doctrine, destitute of 
that splendor which attracts the 
human soul, robbed of those pow T er- 



ful incentives to virtue, lofty aspi- 
rations and high attainments, when 
the minds of men were engaged in 
discovering the true relation of and 
in endeavoring to harmonize science 
and religion, with science on the 
one hand mustering all her forces 
and advocates, with Christianity! on 
the other hand marshalling and 
concentrating a formidable phalanx 
of lovers and promoters of religious 
truths, — suddenly a lustrious ray 
of light appeared to confused man- 
kind when Henry Drummond ap- 
peared upon the scene. 

Mr. Drummond was born in 1840, 
in Sterling, Scotland, a descendant 
not from the famous order of 
barons, not from the nobility and 
aristocracy, nor yet from ancestors 
blessed with wealth and intelli- 
gence, but the son of one whose 
nobility was unenviable, whose 
wealth was limited and whose means 
of subsistence was "by the sweat 
of his brow. 1 1 

From his very infancy he, 
through tlTe deep-seated ancFTm- 
bleniished piety of his mother and 
under the splendid influences of his 
father, was inspired and encouraged 
to practice all those virtues, which 
when welded together by the Holy 
Spirit, reared in him that noble 
Christian character and gave to him 
that unmovable steadfastness in the 
truth, which was to him the source 
of his understanding and power 
and which won for him unbounded 
admiration from all men. 

At an early age he perceived that 
he had a great mission to fulfill. 

Recognizing this he, not being im- 
pelled by an unrestrained ambition 
for fame and wealth, but by a 
consuming desire to be about his 
Father's business, bent all his en- 
ergies and talents to prepare him- 
self for the exalted position unto 
wmich he was called. 

Although poverty seemed to be 
an insurmountable barrier to his 
attainment of knowledge, yet, im- 
pelled by a burning love for know- 
ledge, awakened by a clear concep- 
tion of the urgent need of his 
countrymen of an unbiased, unpre- 
judiced system of theology, and 
stimulated by his persistent and 
iron w T ill to attain that for which he 
strived, he courageously and suc- 
cessfully scaled the heights of this 
barrier and became a man of wide 
knowledge, both of men and books. 
It is through his unbounded suc- 
cess in the world of science that he 
became so w T idely known. Although 
hampered by environments, retard- 
ed by a jealous, merciless criticism 
and attacked by the heartless 
assaults of infidelity and scepticism, 
he yet became the brightest star in 
the canopy of intelligence. (t Not 
impelled by the fiery sting of 
genius nor yet by an absorbing am- 
bition to write books, 5 ' he rose from 
the low and despised walks of a rustic 
life to the lofty and enviable plane 
of intelligence and influence ; yea 
he was the very embodiment and 
exemplification of that noble char- 
acter to whom Longfellow referred 
when he said, "Do the duty that 
lies nearest to you and take no 
thought of fame. ' ' 


As a writer his brilliant style, 
his well -chosen illustrations, his 
entrancing novel ty of form, and his 
splendid diction, captivated the 
minds of his readers, impressed 
upon their hearts the beauty and 
simplicity of truth as they had 
never seen it before and placed him 
upon the highest pinnacle of fame 
in the world of letters. He worked 
as few men worked even in those 
days of excessive mental toil. 

Not content by lecturing on the 
natural sciences during the week, 
on the Sabbath he was found pro- 
pounding truths of a moral and 
spiritual import to a sinful, perish- 
ing world. "Yea he taught, he 
wrote, he thought at white heat 
and yet without error. M Among 
the principal productions of his 
mind are his "Ascent of Man,'* 
"Degeneracy/* "Tropical Africa, M 
"Greatest Thing in the World," 
and "Natural Law in the Spiritual 

It was through the latter that he 
became so greatly distinguished 
, in literary circles, endeared to the 
hearts of christian men and women 
and the God of authority in the 
realms of science and religion. He 
was the first among all his contem- 
poraries to conceive a similarity 
between the laws that govern both 
the natural and spiritual worlds. 
Enlightened from the superstition 
of an antiquated science, inspired 
by the unabated conflict between 
scientists and religionists, impelled 
by a numberless host of famish- 
ing souls petitioning God for de- 

liverance from that Egypt of scien- 
tific and ecclesiastical servitude, he, 
by jealous research into the truth, 
by his penetrating mind, and by 
his unerring power of discrimina- 
tion finally grasped the eternal 
truth that God's laws govern "all 
that is in the heavens above, in 
the earth beneath, and in the waters 
under the earth," It was he w T ho 
seized the flag of truce, bore it 
through the camp of an enraged 
enemy, offered it to misinformed 
and oppressed christian! ty and by 
his invincible reasonings affected 
the first permanent reconciliation 
between these two opposing forces. 
It was he w T ho blew the trumpet of 
union and peace throughout all 
civilized lands until finally the lof ty 
partition between science and re- 
ligion tottered to its fall. 

Not only was he a writer, he also 
was endowed with the entrancing 
power of eloquence and utterance* 
"His very attitude when speaking; 
tall, delicate in feature, alert in 
manner, fastidious in appearance, 
was indicative. So quiet, so un- 
assuming, hands behind his back, 
his face aglow, sentence after sen- 
tence of such beautiful chaste Eng- 
lish, no hesitation, no repetition ; 
no wonder that men who opposed 
his science and attacked his theol- 
ogy were entranced by his elo- 

He was not only a scientist, a 
writer, a reformer, and a speaker; 
but he was also a saint. As we 
stand before his beautiful character, 
as we behold his uuspotted life, as 



we contemplate his perfect love, we 
are slowly changed into the image 
of one who walks and communes 
with God, 

His thoughts were stimulated by 
divine fires, his statements were 
emanations from Him who said, M j[ 
am the truth," his diction and 
phraseology were the ladders which 
extended to the summum bonum % 
and upon which his readers, im- 
pelled by his beauty of thought, 
clearness of style and simplicity of 
expression, ascended to the lofty 
peaks of righteousness and peace 
to dwell in the temple of untainted 

Alas ! Drummond is no more. 
Death like a jealous rival came and 
stamped his icy kiss upon one of 
England's greatest heroes and the 
worl d ? s grea test ben e factors . Thus 
was he snatched from this w T orld by 
an untimely death, the world rob- 
bed of his ennobling spirit of altru- 
ism and he deprived of the realiza- 
tion of his elaborate expectations. 

Beauties of Nature, 

O. G. MYERS, 'OO. 

We find ourselves wondering 
about in a world of beauty. That 
which w r ould take a lifetime to 
fully and satisfactory describe, as 
it has to deal with nature. 

Words with all their majesty, 
rich in abundant metaphor and 
striking simile, cannot paint the 
realm of ecstacy that gladdens the 
eye and fills the soul with delight. 

Imagination cannot boast amid 
its gay creation or with its match- 
less skill to produce even the tints 
and perfume that appear in every 

Artists have not succeeded in 
reproducing the beauties of the 
humble flowers which even en- 
hance our pathway. Unequalled 
by the marvelous efforts of the re- 
nowned Reynolds, Van Dyke or 
Angelo, who, wielding their brush- 
es with study hand, have displayed 
some of the finest products the 
world has ever beheld, yet not to 
be compared with the beauties of 

Although in response we find 
the study of nature through her 
own beauties too often neglected. 
There are multitudes of people who 
have no more conception of the 
beauty about them, than the blind. 
They rush on through life missing 
the exquisite delight which might 
be theirs if the love of nature were 
awakened within them. Were an 
inhabitant of this country removed 
from its delightful scenery to the 
midst of an Arabian desert, a 
boundless expanse of sand; a waste 
spread with uniform desolation; 
enlivened by the murmur of no 
stream, and cheered by the beauty 
of no verdure, although he might 
live in a palace and riot in splendor 
and luxury. He would find life a 
dull, wearisome, melancholy round 
of existence, and amid all his grat- 
ifications, would sigh for the hills 
and valleys of his native Jand, the 
brooks and rivers, the living luster 


of spring and the rich glories of 
the autumn. Thus we find the 
love of nature essential to the ap- 
preciation of her beauty. 

Let us lift our eyes from the dead 
level of mere existence and seize 
the refined enjoyments which might 
be ours. Look to the right upon 
the broad and flower-strewn land- 
scape, dazzling in the brightness of 
its own beauty, with its verdure 
dotted with groves and a thousand 
springs; duplicated in eternal sun- 
shine, where the towering trees 
blossom with a thousand gems. 
The fragrance of whose flowers 
sweetens the laborer's toil and 
whose glory lines the traveler's 
way, while golden fields of grain 
reach out their tiny arms and catch 
the flickering sunbeam. 

To the left— From rock to rock, 
from glen to glen, flows the spark- 
ling brook with its silvery mantle 
bordered in velvet of moss, bound 
from pebble to pebble with the ivy 
green, ploughing its way by the 
lofty hills through the low mead- 
ows and alternate shades to the 
fathomless sea, above which the 
wood-bird meekly warbling its song 
in harmony with the low r murmur 
of the brook, at times darts down 
through the branching boughs and 
curls the sparkling w T aters, bright 
with stars. 

Above — When the earth is cloth- 
ed in the garment of darkness. The 
gates of the cloudless sky burst 
open with all the glory of the firm- 
ament, and the daughter of heaven 
robed in her pure silvery lustre 

5E FORUM. 7 

shines forth in her beauty. The 
stars w r ith uplifted heads rejoice in 
her presence, while shooting their 
dazzling beams from the vale of 
blue as if the sparks had flown from 
a mighty forge. 

I^ook at the mountains, the 
mighty serpents that so boldly coil 
about our native lands, with their 
hoary heads proudly propping the 
skies in a vale of mist. From their 
vast jaws fountains of living spark- 
ling water gush w r ith impetuous 
speed, down over the cataracts, 
from crag to crag, through the ra- 
vines with whispering musical 
sounds. From whose feet the ava- 
lanche shoots downward, glittering 
through the pure serene into the 
depths of clouds that veil their 
breasts. Whose sides, like great 
walls of green, are clothed in the 
verdure of the waving forest, decked 
in all their grandeur with ivies, 
woodbines and a thousand kinds of 
creeping plants. Whose bristling 
backs, high in the aerial gallery, 
have stretched their peaky tops to 
the lands of the gods, printing the 
railings that so badly bound our 

But look above those crested 
banks. The velvety hue begins to 
soften, the stars commence to fade. 
Hands of angels, hidden from mor- 
tal eyes shift the scenery of the 
heavens, and the glories of night 
dissolves into the glories of dawn. 
The sky now turns more softy gray. 
The great watch stars have closed 
their holy eyes. Rich bands of pur- 
ple blush along the sky, and now 



the whole celestial concave is filled 
with the inflowing tides of the 
morning light, which issue from a 
flash of purple fire blazing out from 
above the horizon and turns the 
dew drops of the flowers and leaves 
into rubies and diamonds. 

A few seconds later — The ever- 
lasting gates of the morning are 
thrown open and the lord of day, 
arrayed in all his glories comes 
forth from his hiding place and 
pours his light with a great ocean 
of radiance until it sinks in the 
western wave. 

Ah ! who can describe the gor- 
geous scene as the crimson sunbeam 
last kisses our cheek and the glim- 
mering landscapes fade from our 
view. Every thing is held in sol- 
emn stillness, not even a leaf dares 
whisper from its bough to wel- 
come the sweet breezes nor bid 
farewell to its departing shield. 
On that glorious evening sky, be- 
hind those purple hues one could 
almost dream there floated isles of 
paradise balmed in sweet repose 
ami everlasting enjoyment. 

Look at the beauties of nature 
when the forests stretch forth their 
naked branches, and the earth froz- 
en beneath the chilling sky, when 
the windows of heaven unlock their 
treasures of crystaline splendor and 
cover the earth in a garment of 
whiteness. The far off hills swell 
their wmite purity against the pure 
blue of the heavens. The sheeted 
splendor of the fields sparkles back 
a thousand suns for one ; the trees 
and every slender twig are covered 

with glory; the angels and rugged- 
ness are robed in their fleecy undu- 
lations, while the roses and lilies 
keep holiday under their crystaline 
roof. But, by and by, the spring 
sun will mount higher and higher 
in the heavens, compelling the 
sweet snow to sink down into the 
arms of the violets, and once again 
we will hear the spring birds war- 
bling forth their notes on the clear 
morning air, and the busy hum of 
the bees swarming over our fields 
gathering the sweet nectar from 
the gapping flowers. 

Thus we find the unity in the 
variety of nature making one com- 
plete whole. Leaves of one vast 
book, edited by the Great Author, 
who rules the universe. The heart 
that is susceptible to the gentle in- 
fluences of this marvelous radiance 
will be led to say — No eastern im- 
agination, rioting in "barbaric 
pearl and gold' ' can eclipse the mag- 
nificence in which we live and move 
and have our being. 


If you fall on the ice,— " Well I 
guess/' — you'll get up again. 


Miss , while attempting to 

extinguish her light by saying 
1 'pumpkins" over the lamp, acci- 
dentally burned off several curls to 
which he was much attached. 
Ladies, this is a dangerous method 
when there are no men about to 
protect you. 



Our Telescope, 

To otir friends and alumni who 
have contributed to the telescope 
fund we would say the instrument 
is bought and used on every clear 
night and morning with great sat- 
isfaction. Nearly a hundred per- 
sons viewed the late eclipse through 
it. At present, Mars is a very 
conspicuous object in the east 
early m the evening. In the 
morning we see Venus, Saturn 
with his rings and Jupiter with his 
moons, all intensely interesting in 
the telescope. Besides these we 
look at the fixed stars, some like 
gems in the sky ; star clusters, 
double stars, etc. Through the 
grandeur and magnificence of these 
celestial objects, their wondrous 
size, their vast distance, the per- 
fect harmony in all their motions, 
we are led to see more and more 
the goodness and wisdom of Him 
who made and upholds all these. 

But now, stop a minute, this 
telescope that reveals this beauty, 
and is the source of so much inspi- 
ration is not quite paid for. One 
hundred and ten dollars was con- 
tributed by Young People's Socie- 
ties, Alumni, Students and friends 
of the school. By the help of 
friends we borrowed forty dollars 
from bank, and so bought for one 
hundred and forty dollars "spot 
cash" a three hundred dollar tele- 
scope — four and one-half inch object 
glass, equatorial mounting. 

The time for the payment of the 
forty dollars is rapidly drawing 

nigh and I would like to ask Young 
People's Societies, Alumni, friends 
of the school, who have not yet 
responded anything, to be kind 
enough to give us a little lift. We 
do not ask for large amounts, Y. 
P. C. XL's and Y. P. S. C. E. T s 
have sent in amounts ranging from 
fifty cents to twelve dollars. Indi- 
viduals have given from twenty-five 
cents to ten dollars. Several mem- 
bers of the alumni have sent hand- 
some contributions. May we not 
hear from others ? If we get more 
than we need it will be used in the 
further equipment of this depart- 
ment. Do not wait until your good 
impulse has left yon, but write a 
check at once and mail it to Pres. 
Roop or to the Professor of As- 


He — <( I love you madly, passion- 
ately, fondly. Kly with me from 
your dad or I die in this cornfield. ' ' 

She — i( Hush; the com has ears 
and will be shocked/ 1 

A Reward of Merit* 

The father asked, "How have you done 

In mastering ancient lore? 11 
lt l did so well," replied the son, 

**They gave me an encore. 
The Faculty like me and hold me so dear 
They make me repeat my Freshman 
year."— Ex. 

Mr. R. (in Conic Sections) — 
Prof, why is the line oo' shorter 
than aa'? 

Mr. R. — Because its stands to 



The College Forum, 

THE COLLEGE FORUM is published 
monthly throughout the college year by the 
Philokosmian Literary Society of Lebanon 
Valley College, 


I. E. Rcnk., '99, Editor-in-Chtef> 
Gales D. Light, "9a, U. W* Wauobtki^ 'ul, 
ll t E, Spessakd, r 00. U, H. Bai*h. '02. 


S. F, DAUGHEKTY,'0t, Business Maruiger. 

H. L. Eiciixngek, Assistant Business Manager 

Terms : Fifty cents ^ yea^ live cents a copy. 

THE COLLEGE FORUM -will be forward- 
ed to all subscribers until an order is receiv- 
ed for its discontinuance, and until all arrear- 
ages have been paid, 

Address nil emtttjiunitintionsi, articles for pqbll- 
CAtiou. exfban^ea, etc., tu \Y. G. Clippinger, 
Box 15.3, AaDVille t Ta, 

Entered at the Post Ofttcfl ut Armville, Pa,, as 
second-class mail matter. 


The day of prayer for colleges 
has been changed from January 26 
to February 12 in order that we 
may be in line with other student 
bodies, scattered over fourteen coun- 
tries, representing a membership 
of fifty -five thousand. This day 
should be devoutly observed by 
every friend and student of our 
College. The past year has been 
an epoch of great advancement in 
the history of L. V. C. The pray- 
ers of the people have been heard. 
If then on the coming day of pray- 
er, we assemble to pray, we should 
remember : The great answers of 
the past, the needs of the colleges, 
nd the great importance of having 

all students know Christ as a per- 
sonal Savior, 

* * * 

Literature as a livelihood has 
probably more obstacles than any 
other profession and should be en- 
tered upon only by the individual 
who is particularly qualified for it. 
Literary efforts, usually, are the 
side-issues to an individual's prin- 
cipal vocation. Matthews. Wilson, 
and Sloane, who are noted in the 
sphere of teaching, have achieved 
great success in the world of litera- 
ture, which has eclipsed their work 
as professors to the world in gen- 
eral. Matthew Arnold examined 
school children, Oliver Wendell 
Holmes was an eminent physician, 
while Mark Twain, who threw him- 
self entirely upon letters as a pro- 
fession, lectured to increase his 
income. Many have made edit hi g 
their mainstay. Lowell, Bryant, 
Whittier, Dickens and Thackery 
and a host of others are such whose 
livelihood was first, editing, then 
writing. Tennyson and Longfellow 
lived in a degree solely upon letters 
while at the present there are none, 
save James Whit comb Riley and 
probably the English laureate. 
Literature without any other means, 
is a serious business. One writer 
has said, ' 'Don't hope to start out 
with one big stroke and pull to the 
shore of substenance by letters." 
It should be entered only after a 
definite opportunity is afforded, 
which opportunity is rare. The 
thinking individual will not aim at 


literature as a means of livelihood. 
He must earn his bread with the 
income of some other vocation and 
perhaps "butter 1 ' it by means of 

# # * 

The great question that should 
confront every young man is, What 
trade or profession shall I follow ? 
The chief aim of many persons is 
to get through life as easily as pos- 
sible, and any employment that 
requires great mental or physical 
♦energy has no attractions for them, 
ISTever in the history of the world 
liave there been so many opportun- 
ities for doing good, and never was 
true worth honored more than at 
the present time. Nature has 
wisely provided that every man 
should have a special aptitude for a 
particular work. Men are called 
to work on a farm, just as truly as 
they are called to a profession. 
'The difference is that main- persons 
misinterpret the call. Because a 
man wants to follow a certain pro- 
fession is not a sure sign that nature 
lias adapted him for it. Many fail- 
ures in life occur because men per- 
sist in doing what neither God nor 
nature intended them to do. 

One of the grossest mistakes 
made by parents and friends is to 
persuade a young man to be a law- 
yer, a doctor, or a minister, when 
he has no qualifications to recom- 
mend him to any profession. Un- 
less he has sufficient judgment to 
see this mistake, his life is doomed 
to failure. 

Every young man should find 
out first for what he is best adapted 
and then choose his life work. 
These steps taken, every, effort 
should be put forth to make him- 
self a leader in his chosen work. 



ft is with a feeling of great re- 
sponsibility that the newly -elected 
Business Managers assume the 
duties of their office. Taking a 
retrospective view we see that in 
the past The Forum has never 
been a paying publication; although 
under the faithful and able manage- 
ment of our predecessor it has 
steadily approached a self sustain- 
ing basis. 

Now in order that The Forum 
may be placed on a still better 
financial footing the Business Man- 
agers need the support of every 
student, alumnus, and friend of 
the College. 

Our subscription list is not what 
it should be in proportion to the 
number of friends and students and 
it is our aim with the aid of your 
support to increase the list to at 
least one thousand, and also to im- 
prove the mechanical as well as the 
literary quality of the paper. 

Thanking our patrons for past 
favors, and earnestly soliciting your 
support for the future, we remain 
Yours very truly, 
Business Managers. 

Alfred Sumner delivered several 
addresses at Oberlin, January 15. 




Prof. Daugherty made a business 
trip to York on Saturday, Jan, 21. 

Pres. Roop preached at Steelton, 
January 29, for Rev. J. M. Shelley. 

Rev. Brownmiller, of Reading, 
paid his son, Luther, a visit, Jan- 
uary 17. 

Frank Douglass was absent from 
school several days because of ser- 
iously affected eyes. 

Bishop Kephart preached in the 
Annville U. B. Church, Tuesday 
evening, January 17. 

Miss Edith S. Grabill, '99, whose 
illness we mentioned in a previous 
issue, is again with us. 

Alvin Shroyer, 'oo, addressed 
the Ladies Loyal Temperance Union 
of Lebanon, January — . 

Miss LilHe Dundor was the guest 
of her classmate, Miss Grace Fish- 
er, Palmyra, January 17, 

Miss Susie Herr entertained a 
number of her college friends at 
dinner on Saturday, January 28* 

Mr. S. F. Daugherty, '01 } was 
elected president of the Y. P. C. 
XJ fi First U. B. Church, Annville. 

W. G. Clippinger, '99, preached 
at Annville U. B. Church, Sunday, 
January 15, and at Steelton, Jan- 
uary 22 . 

A. K. Wier, 'oo, preached at 
Deny Church and Union Deposit, 
Sunday morning and evening, Jan- 
uary 15. 

Prof. Spangler filled the pulpit 
for Rev. C. I. B. Brane, of Trinity 
U, B. Church, Lebanon, on Sunday,, 
January 29. 

L W. Huntzberger, '99, who was 
absent from school on account of 
the death of his father, has return- 
ed to College again. 

Mr. B. J. Teasdale, representing 
Powers, Fowler and Lewis, Chi- 
cago, spent several days during 
ing January at the College. 

W. G. Clippinger spent Saturday 
and Sunday, January 28 and 29, in 
Mechanicsburg, conducting revival 
services in the absence of the pas- 
tor, Rev. E. S. Bowman. 

R. R. Buttermick, 'go, who has 
been absent from school several 
weeks, conducting revival services 
in his church at Sinking Spring, 
has returned and is resuming regu- 
lar w T ork, 


Our AlumnL 

Joseph Daugherty, 'S9, and wife 
have been made sorrowful by the 
death of a child. 

Rev. Allen U. Baer, '98, pastor 
of the U. B. Church at Milton, Pa., 
has conducted a very successful re- 
vival at that place. 

Samuel F. Huber, '94, who com- 
pleted a course in the law depart- 
ment of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, has been admitted to the 
Franklin county (Pa.) bar, and w T ill 
practice at Chambcrsburg. 


Rev. Joseph G. W. Herold, '93, 
who was stationed at West New- 
field , Me,, has accepted a call to 
onr church at Hiram, in the same 

Emma L. Landis, '79, who has 
charge of the Art Department of 
the college, spent several weeks in 
New York and Philadelphia in the 
interests of her work. 

Klvire C. Stehman, '93, was mar- 
ried during the holidays to Prof. 
C. B. Pennypacker, at the home of 
the bride in Mountville, Pa, The 
Forum extends congratulations. 

Rev. Isaac H. Albright, '76, who 
is pastor of the II. B. Church at 
Dallastowu, Pa., and editor of the 
Conference Herald, has accepted a 
call to the U. B, Church at Shamo- 
kin, Pa. 

S. Oliver Goho, J 8o, agent for 
the American Book Company, and 
Geo. W. Gensemer, 'So, each sent 
ten dollars to Prof. Lehman as a 
contribution to the telescope fund. 
The Professor is anxiously looking 
for more of such responses from the 

Rev. David S. Eshleman, '94, 
our college pastor, recently receiv- 
ed a donation, amounting to about 
forty-five dollars, from the mem- 
bers of his congregation. Presi- 
dent Roop gave the presentation 
address, which was responded to 
by the pastor. 

Among those who lately visited 
their Alma Mater, are the follow- 
ing : Samuel H. Stein, '92, a stu- 

dent at the Reformed Theological 
Seminary, Lancaster, Pa.; RenoS. 
Harp, '89, attorney-at-law, Freder- 
ick City, Md.; S. O. Goho, '80, 
and Dr. and Mrs. D. Albert Kreid- 
er, '92, Dr, Kreider is instructor 
in physics at Yale University. 

Rev. Chas. S. Daniel, '73, who 
is engaged in mission work in the 
slums of Philadelphia, gave two 
illustrated lectures on the "Social 
Settlement M and the "College Set- 
tlement, " respectively, on Jan, 26 
and 28. These lectures were very 
well attended and much appreci- 


Among the Societies* 


Esse Quant Videri. 


In every institution of learning 
we find students who are faulty in 
expression, not able to speak con- 
fidently, and may I not add intelli- 
gently ? What such students need 
most is a good literary training. 
And this training is afforded to all 
who wish it, in one of our three 
well conducted societies. To those 
who have not yet joined any 
society, we heartily extend you an 
invitation to cast your "lot" with 
us, and feel confident that after 
so- doing you can say "truly our 
lines have fallen in pleasant places. ' ' 

At a recent meeting of the society 
the Editorial Staff and Business 


Managers were elected : Editor-in- 
chief, I. E. Runk, '99 ; Associates, 
Galen Light, '99, H, E, Spessard, 
'00, C. W. Waughtel, '01, H. H, 
Baish, '02 ; Business Manager, S. 
F. Daugherty, *oi ; assistant, H. 
L. Eichinger, '03. 

The following are some of the 
persons who visited our society 
during the past month : Misses 
Bess Landis, Edith Grabill, Reba 
Lehman, EmmaLoose } Anna Loose, 
Sallie Yoder, Lillie Kreider, Messrs. 
Brnnner, Bemheiser, Showers and 

A committee is making prepara- 
tions to hold a joint session with 
the Clios. This is an event that is 
always eagerly awaited w r ith pleas- 
ant anticipations by every Fhilo- 


for the disposal of the apparatus of 
the gymnasium to the College. 

Our outlook for this term is very 




Palma non sine Pitlvere. 


With this term come new oppor- 
tunities and responsibilities. All 
Kalozeteans are more determined 
than ever, to rally round their 

The regular meetings have all 
been well attended and much inter- 
est manifested by every member. 

Many visitors attended our meet- 
ings during the last month. We 
are always glad to see visitors, 
especially our Philo, brethren. 

Negotiations are being carried on 

We are not optimistic when we 
predict a most successful base ball 
career for the College team this 
Spring. Good material is seldom 
as plenty as it is this year, and as 
for superb players, we will be proud 
to send out just about nine stars 
which would be the pride of any 
institution and are justly ours. 
With all this there is a very healthy 
athletic atmosphere hereabout 
which will be a big support to the 
team. But general good material 
coupled with College spirit have 
never supported the financial side 
of any venture, and we are now 
facing the exceedingly important 
fact that money must come immed- 
iately, or the season of 1899, with 
all its other bright prospects, will 
not be any season at all. We say 
that money must come, and while 
the Forum is not the organ of a 
collecting agency, it feels that ex- 
isting circumstances call for some 
public statement of the affairs of 
our athletic department. 

Our athletic department is no 
mean adjunct of the College. We 
have behind us very successful and 
encouraging seasons, and that this 
career, in full bloom and animated 
existence, with so many conditions 
in its favor, should be cut short 


for the reason that finances, the 
backbone of any organization, are 
lacking, would be deplored by the 
student body, alumnae and friends 
of the institution. It is on this 
account that we present this to onr 
readers. We are not backward, 
we cannot and dare not be, we 
want you, reader, to understand 
this as an appeal. But do not un- 
derstand only ; give proof of your 
understanding by liberal responses. 

Conservatory Notes, 

Miss Zacharias, of Sinking 
Spring; Miss Reizenstein, of Leba- 
non; Miss Krall, of Annville, are 
among the new students in the 
Music Conservatory this term. 

Director Oldham has put into 
rehearsal at Lebanon, Offenbach's 
comic opera, "The Grand Duchess' 1 
which will be produced at the Fish- 
er Opera House, in that city, about 
Eastertide, The opera will be giv- 
en in its entirety by lady and gen- 
tlemen amateurs. The costumes 
being procured from New York. 

February 7th, the Fifth Recital 
will be held in the College Chapel. 
It will be given by the music fac- 
ulty, assisted by some of the ad- 
vanced students. 

February 18th, a Recital will be 
given by the Music Department. 
The program of which will be alto- 
gether made up of operatic selec- 
tions. Piano solos, duets, quar- 
ters ( and vocal solos and trio. The 

chorus class will assist with two 
numbers. This will be one of the 
best Recitals given up to the pres- 

February 24, Director Oldham 
will open the new pipe organ in 
the recently erected TJ. B, Church 
at Hagerstown, Md. The program 
will consist of organ selections in* 
terspersed with vocal numbers. 
Prof. Oldham will also preside at 
the organ at the dedication of the 
church the following Sunday, Feb, 
26th. Rev. H. B. Station is the 

The U. B. Church at Annville 
has made arrangements with Prof. 
Oldham to act as choir conductor 
and organist for the present year. 

A history class was started in 
the Conservatory this term. The 
Director's time is nearly completely 
filled now. The outlook for new 
students being most promising. 

The college quartette have ac- 
cepted an invitation to attend the 
Pennsylvania Conference, which 
convenes in Shiremanstown the 
last of February, 


Social Events, 

On Friday evening, Jan, 6, Pres- 
ident and Mrs, Roop entertained 
the Junior Class from 8 to 10 

Bishop and Mrs. Kephart, Prof, 
and Mrs. Daugherty and Miss 
Wolfe were present and contribut- 
ed much to the enjoyment of the 



evening. Several games were play- 
ed, after which refreshments were 
served. This was followed by a 
vocal solo, which Mrs. Roop sang 
in her usual unique way. With- 
out a doubt the Juniors will long 
remember this event. 

The Senior ladies of the hall in- 
vited the members of the Senior 
Class, President and Mrs. Roop 
and Miss Wolfe, to a conversation- 
al in the Ladies' Hall, Friday eve- 
ning, Jan. 20. This event proved 
itself to be a delightful social gath- 
ering. The ladies knew well how 
to successfully conduct a conversa- 
tional, and most splendidly did 
they turn the theoretical into the 

President and Mrs. Roop enter- 
tained the faculty at dinner, Satur- 
day evening, Jan. 21, at 5 o'clock. 

Junior Rhetorical 

The first division of the Junior 
class gave a public rhetorical on 
Saturday evening, January 14, be- 
fore a large and appreciative audi- 
ence. It is a well known fact that 
the Junior class is largely composed 
of men and women of considerable 
ability. Hence we were not sur- 
prised at the excellent manner in 
which they rendered their program, 
which follows : 

Piano Duet — Spanish Dances, Moskowski 

Miss Grace Nissley, Prof. Oldham. 
Oration — Sympathy with the Strong, 

Miss Nora Elizabeth Spayd 

Oration — One Unwavering Aim, 

Mr, George Mason Snoke 
Vocal Solo— When the Golden Rod's 
Aflame, Campion 
Miss Edith S. Grabill. 
Oration — Business Morals, 

Mr. David Ensminger Long 
Essay — What is a Successful Life? 

Miss Nellie Pearl Buffington 
Piano Solo — Galop, J. Raff 

Prof, Oidham. 
Essay— The Girl Athlete, 

Miss Madie Burtner 
Essay — Our New Possessions, 

Miss Anna Elizabeth Elreider 
Vocal Duet— Fly Away, Birdling, Abt 
Miss Lillian Kreider, Miss Anna Myers 
Eulogy — Garfield, 

Mr. Charles Edward Snoke 
Piano Duet — Marta Overture, Flotow 
Miss Arabelle Batdorf, Prof. Oldham. 

Green Grow the Rashes, O ! 

Green grow the rashes, O ! 

Green grow the rashes, O ! 

The sweetest hours that e'er I spend, 

Are spent amang the lasses, Q i 

There's nought but care on every han', 
In every hour that passes, O ; 
What signifies the life of man, 
An 1 7 twer na for the lasses, O ? 

The warl'ly race may riches chase, 
And riches still may fly them, O ; 
And though at last they catch them fast, 
Their hearts can ne'er enjoy them, O. 

But gie me a canny hour at e'en, 
My arms about my dearie, O, 
And warl'ly cares, and warl'ly men, 
May a' gae tapsalteerie, O. 

For you sae douce, ye sneer at this, 
Ye're nought but senseless asses, O ; 
The wisest men the warl* e'er saw, 
He dearly loved the lasses, O. 

Auld Nature swears the lovely dears, 
Her noblest work she classes, O ; 
Her 'prentice hand she tried on man, 
And then she made the lasses, O. 

— Bums. 



Love Letter of Ye Olden Times. 

The following interesting and 
impressive love letter was clipped 
from the Bellefonte Patriot, pub- 
lished at Bellefonte in 1827. It is 
full of inspiring thoughts and 
clever ideas on the subject of pro- 
posing to a young lady : 

4 'Angelic Noun Proper : If there 
be yet no preposition tow r ard a con- 
junction with you, be pleased to 
accept this interjection of my pre- 
tenses; for I do pronouns ad verburn 
that I desire to be adjective to you 
in all cases ; for positively I declare 
that, comparatively speaking, I 
should be superlatively happy might 
I engender with you in all modes 
and tenses. I hope yon will not 
think me so singular as not to de- 
sire to have the plural number in 
my family, or that I am too nias- 
-culine to be neutre in regard to the 
feminine ; wdierefore, dear creature, 
let us have our affections in com- 
mon of two. Far be it from you 
to decline this conjugation, though 
I am not the first person, nor the 
second, nor the third that has so- 
licited you to be subjunctive to his 
love. I presume you will not be in 
the imperative, w r hile I pass from 
the optative to the potential ; and 
that you will permit me to make a 
conjunction with you. This wiil 
make a participle of happiness, if 
you please actively to give your 
voice to be passive herein ; be 3^ou 
but supine, Til be deponent. Thus 
you will find the optative part of 
my soul to be a lawful concord w r ith 

the genitive ; my whole income 
shall be dative to you for the pres- 
ent ; nothing shall be accusative 
against you for the future ; and 
your dear name shall ever be my 
vocative, till death, the great abla- 
tive of all things, part us. 1 T 


Slipere Fallibusr 

Little Oren 

Down the street, 
Hat in the air 

Like his feet. 

Little Anna 

Now behind, 
i'Get off the ice! 

You must be blind. ' ' 

Ho ! cries Reba, 

Next in line, 
You've had your fun, 

And now I've mine. 

Get up you ■ 'Goose 1 ' 

And let us go; 
A pretty way 

To see the show. 

Little Oren 

Don't you cry, 
You'll be all right 



Cheerful willingness — Ferocious 
man (entering editor's room) "I 
have come to club you, ' ' 

Editor — ' 1 All right, sir ; club 
rates are 20 per cent, off the regu- 
lar single subscription. 




The exchanges this month have 
given instruction as well as pleasure 
to our readers. Almost all of them 
have their pages decorated with 
good resolutions. And even the 
poets have sung to us through these 
media sweet strains of the happy 
new year. 

Owing to the recent election of 
the exchange editor, some of our 
number of exchanges have not been 
read by him ; hence there may not 
be a complete exchange list in this 
issue of the College; Forum. 

In the November number of the 
"Dickinsonian" is a concise and 
able article on Hon. William K. 
Gladstone, The author sets forth 
the highest traits of a true citizen, 
and one wdiose admonition deserves 
the consideration of the best states- 
men. And because of his strong 
Christian character he was wor- 
shipped by all the countries of 

The editorials of "The Mt. St. 
Joseph Collegian' 1 for January are 
very interesting and deserve com- 

There is an instructive article in 
the "Lesbian Herald' 1 on "The 
Moors in Spain." A concise his- 
tory of the Arabs is given and is 
especially interesting to lovers of 

The article on [[ Unity of Spirit" 
in "The Emerson College Maga- 
zine," addressed especially to young 

women, deserves the careful 
thought of every college lady. We 
quote the following : 

"We enjoy a certain stage of 
youthful pleasure. It is right that 
we should ; but let us not forget 
that change is inevitable, and what 
we do now is the index of what 
that change will be. You will 
change. That is inevitable. Young" 
girls, who have come from your 
homes, some of you from afar, neg- 
lect not your opportunity, but see 
to it that the change that is inevit- 
able in your lives shall be for the 
better. Although you may not see 
the way, although you may make 
mistakes and stumble, if the motive 
to make life better is always there,, 
even your temporary failure may 
be turned to your advantage. We 
can climb up over our failures. 
Remember that. We can climb up 
over our failures, as over the rounds 
of a ladder. Some one has said, 
'The possibility of making mis- 
takes is the price of education/ 
If w T e could be trained like animals 
to perform our tasks, and be forced 
to do right by some outside power 
or providence, we would lose the 
most precious heritage of human 
nature — free will ! You can go. 
wrong, No outside power will 
compel you to see an opportunity, 
but opportunities are appearing all 
the time. Doors are opening and 
closing. Will we go through while 
the door stands open?" 

Among other exchanges on our 
table this month were : ' 'The Co- 



menian," 1 'The Criterion/ * " Gates' 
Index," "Woman's College," 
"Ea toman," "Fnrrnan Echo/' 
"Otterbein Aegis/' "TJrsimis Col- 
lege Bulletin,' ' "High School 
Times/' "The Mirror/' "S. H. S. 
Journal/ 1 and others, 

Nigbtibus darkibus 

No lightoruni, 

Boy i bus kissibus 

Sweet Girlorum 

Wanti someorum, 

Perhapsibus Girlibus 

Havei someorum. — Ex. 

Teacher — Patrick, will you be 
kind enough to run up that win- 
dow ? 

Patrick — Indade, sorr, and is it a 
floy that yer take me fur ? — Ex. 


Row out to the wildest sea ! 
Young I^ove is gay and free, 
Once we must happy be. 
Spite of all fear. 

Row out to the deepest waves I 
Old Love in madness raves, 
Who cares for winds and waves, 
When Love is near ? 

Row back into the surf ! 
Spent love's beneath the turf, 
l/ove and life are nothing worth, 
Death alone is dear,— Ex, 

It doesn't fatten a hungry man 
to make him laugh. 

Rensselaer \ 
SS» Institute, 
V Troy, N.Y. 

JiDCul axuninnt iona provided for. Send for a Catalogue, 


847 Cumberland Street, 
Lebanon, Pa, 

Good teeth are one of nature's most 
pleasing charms, 

If you have a tooth missing we can 
replace it by our scientific crown and 
bridging system, most lasting and beau- 

make a specialty of crown and bridge 
work, gold and silver fillings. 


72 West Main Street, ANNVILLE PA. 


142 N. Eighth Street, 

Special Inducements to Students* 


If so, you will soon be looking around 
for furniture. Perhaps you are already 
married, and would like some new furni- 
ture to brighten up your home ? A par- 
lor suite, bed room set, book case, odd 
chairs, dresser, etc. Perhaps an office 
desk. You can buy the world famous 
high grade Grand Rapids furniture direct 
from the factory and thereby save the 
retailers' profit, A dollar saved is two 
dollars earned. Send for catalogue. 
Grand Rap: if s Furniture Company. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 


Eastman Business College j f The System of Teaching 

Has In Its half a century of work 
developed the capacity of thousands 
into well- trained men, capable to fill 
every department of a business career. 
Known everywhere for the thorough- 
ness of the preparation given in the 
least time at the smallest expense. 

Is based on actual daily experience 
in every branch of business, includ- 
ing Merchandising. Bookkeeping, 
Banking, Commercial Law, Penman- 
ship, Correspondence. Arithmetic, 
Telegraphy, Stenography. Type- writ' 
ing, etc., etc. 

Young Men Trai 

A Thorough Business Man 

To be all-around business men | — or 
thev inftv hike* up a special branch of 
business and be THOKOUGH in that. 

No better Illustration of the value of 
a business education can be offered 
than the success of those who have 
graduated from Eastman College, 

By the old way, training for business 
was acquired through years of ap- 
prenticeship, but the successful man 
of today Is the one who enters the 
field prepared for the work he is to do 
by the new and shorter methods of 
Eastman College, the model business 

Is the description of the man who 
becomes successful, Is known and has 
tbe confidence of the community. 

BUSINESS HOUSES supplied with com- 
petent assistants. Situations seenred 
without charge, for all graduates of 
the Business and Short-hand Courses, 
an invaluable feature to many young 
people. Opeu all the year. Time 
short. Terms reasonable. Address 
as above. 

J. L. Lembergcr* Frank Gleim. 


9th and Cumb Sts„ LEBANON, PA 

Our claim in all we do : 

QUALITY— Of rtrafc importance-ACCURACY. 


18 and 20 W. flaln St., ANNVILLE. 

£0 YEARS* 




Anyone sending a sketch and description mar 
qulufrlj-ayCL-rtiiln, free, whether an Inventlou la 
probably paloritHble, CommunJrn.i Urns strictly 
con rtdentia 1. 0 1 d op t ape e Kiy f f T ^ i ■ en] n ti ji i l t c^ita 
in America. "We have a Washington office. 

Patents taken tbrou^h Munu & Co. receiva 
Special noticu in tbc 


oeautifulEy illustrated* largest circulation of 
any e u 1 eati lie J < j u r u nl + Tree, k • y h tern i ti %&S'A I a ye ar \ 
£1.50 tax months, Specimen cop leu and Hand 
iiuuii on Patents sent free, Addreea 

MUNN & CO., 

361 If roadway, New York. 

Qnowflake printing house, 

A. C. M. HIESTHR, Prop. 


North White Oak Street, ANNVILLE, PA 


Hard tV Soft Coal) Grain, Seeds, Salt & Feed, 

OUice: Railroad St,, near Depot* 

Telephone Connection* 

Aniiville. Pa. 



783 Cumberland Street, LEBANON, PA 


Shaving and Hair Dressing r 
Eagle Hotel Barber Shop, ANNVILLE, PA, 

Finest ORGAN Made. 

Especially when you can get it at the 
same price as other organs are sold for. 
Intending purchasers should send to lis 
for catalogue, etc* We are also general 
agents for the KRAKAUER PIANO for 
Eastern Pennsylvania. Over 200 of these 
Pianos in use in the city of Lebanon 
alone. It is the finest and best piano 
made, and prices very reasonable. Pianos 
as low as {150* Catalogues, etc., free. 



LtitePal Inteplineair, 
67 Volumes, 


German, French, 
Italian, Spanish, 
Iiatin and Gtfeek, 

Arthur Hinds & Co 

4 Cooper Institute, NEW YORK, 

Superior Advantages. Most Reasonable Rates, 


FOUNDED 1866. 


1. Three Commodious Buildings, the fourth in course of erection ; 
Full Classical, Scientific and Musical Courses, the equal of any in the 

2. An able Faculty ; High Standard j Progressive Methods ; and a 
Well-selected Library. 

3. Environments of the Most Helpful Character in Social, Moral 
and Religious Life. 

4. A Fine Campus of about Ten Acres for Athletic Sports, and a 
well-equipped Gymnasium, \ 

Winter Term begins January 3d j Spring Term, March 28, 1899, 

address, REV H y R00P? Ph D president, 

Rrinville, Pa. 

Stephen Lane Folger, 

Manufacturing Jeweler- 

Club, College & preitettnity 
Emblems, Watches, Dla* 
monds, Jeuuelry , 


Special Designs, also Estimates Furnished- 

A.C. Zimmerman, 



758 Cumberland St., 
IiEBAflOfl, PR. 





One door West Penn'a. House, Annville. 

Stephen Hubertis, 

Blank Book manufacturer, 


. . . RULING, ™ WIRE .... 


1125 and 1127 North Third St., 




Penn'a Engraving Co, 

114420 S, 7th St, PHILADELPHIA, 



Vol. XIK 

No. 3. 



APRIL, 1899. 

Annville, Pa. 



22 East Mam St„ ANNVILLE- 

Our sh tires are constantly filled with 







A Selected Stock of the LATEST BTTLES OF 

We Buy, Sell, and Exchange 
Old and New Text Books. 

West End Store, 

John S. Shops* Prop V, 

General Merchandise, 
Shoes &r Gent's Furnishing Goods a Specialty 

134436 West Main St, AnnviUe, 

I860. 1885 


S. W, Cor 6th and WilW, LEBANON. 



No, 34 East Main Street, 


Cameras, ^ Phic 


At McGowan'a Drug Store, 

& W, Cor. 7th and Cumberland St, 

Shenk 8r Kiaports, 

and Ladies' Dress Goods, 

Men's Suitings we make a Specialty. Home 
made. Ingrain, and Brussels Carpets* You 
buy cheaper from us than away from home, 
and have a large stock to select from, 


Tftes. LsoHKarilt k Si, 


5th and Library Sfs,, PHELA, 

Diplomas and Certificates of Menv 

Also Commercial Work our Specialty, 

If you want to Buy a Hat Right, and a Right 
Hat f or anything in 


G0 T0 Erh & Craumer, 

6th and Cumb, S<s., LEBANON, PA. 

iV1 ' -MALM Vf~ 


Wholesale and Retail Dealer id 


Families and Entertainments Supplied with OYS- 

H, S. WOLF. 


Green Groceries and Confectioneries. 


New Gommonv/eelfH Stioe Store, 

753 Cumb. St, LEBANON, PA. 

Makes it a special object to students in 
the way of a liberal discount to buy their 
SHOES of them. 


Weat Mala St, ANNVILLE, PA 




Vol. XIL No- 3, ANNVILLE, FA, ( APRIL, 1899, Whole No- 119 

America's Opportunity. 


The events of the year 1S98 have 
startled the world. Foremost among 
them were the Czar's plea for uni- 
versal peace, and the American 
victories in the Spanish-American 

America has astonished the world 
by her victories. Spain will always 
remember that it is dangerous to 
fool with the u Yankee pigs," 
History furnishes no parallel to the 
record of achievements — two fleets 
wholly destroyed with the loss of 
only one man, and 184,770 square 
miles of territory taken, — all in 114 

These vast possessions are lost to 
Spain and Spanish influence. Not 
all has come into our possession, 
yet we shall exercise the rights of 
a protector over them until they 
have shown themselves capable of 
sel f -go vernmen t . 

New territory brings new re- 
sponsibilities as w T ell as opportuni- 
ties to our people and government. 

For many years Spain has been 
a nation of the non-progressive 
type. It is her custom not to de- 

velop the resources of her territory, 
but rather to neglect them. Being 
largely dominated by Romanism 
which is non-progressive, we need 
not wonder that about So per cen- 
tum of her citizens are illiterate. 
The race is effeminate, yet proud 
and haughty. 

The condition of our new pos- 
sessions is not far removed from 
the condition of lands newly dis- 
covered. Thus new opportunities 
appear on every hand. We must 
show the world that we are equal 
to the demands — that America 
truly "is only another word for 
opportunity.' 1 

For many years we have had no 
merchant marine. Though we 
lead the world in exports, yet near- 
ly all our goods is carried in for- 
eign vessels. Very few of the 
world's leading shipping ports have 
seen the "Stars and Stripes " float- 
ing from the stern of an American 
merchantman. Some ports of Eng- 
land have not been visited in ten 
years. Whether Congress, as some 
claim, is to blame, we will not 
attempt to say, but surely some 
one is censurable. We should have 
a merchant marine equal, at least, 



to our naval position among the 
nations of earth. Onr flag the 
most expressive and beautiful 
among the national ensigns should 
mingle freely with others in the 
markets of the world. We have 
the finest railroad system, why can 
we not have a maritime system 
equally good ? These island citizens 
will purchase largely in our mar- 
kets, and products manufactured 
by American and sold to Americans 
should not be carried in foreign 
ships. For many years the cry of 
protection has sounded over these 
broad plains, over mountains, and 
through the valleys, until it has 
become monotonous. Better pro- 
tect our shipping interests. Better 
establish a good ?naritime system 
to supply our people with their own 
products in A?nerican vessels man- 
ned by American seamen. 

The resources of these islands 
should also receive our attention. 
The Queen of the Antilles, Porto 
Rico, and the Philippine Archi- 
pelago are rich in minerals and 
various kinds of wood. The soil 
if cultivated is very productive. 
They abound in materials such as 
the world daily needs. 

Nature carries these elements in 
her bosom for the use of man, and 
she demauds that man use them, 
but to procure them some effort 
will be required. 

But we must not only develop the 
material resources. We must also 
look after those interests which are 
far more valuable — the salvation of 

the souls of these people. Rome 
has enslaved them in ignorance. 
These fetters of ignorance and 
superstition must be broken. It 
becomes us who have a true know- 
ledge of Jesus Christ and an unfet- 
tered Bible to bring the same bless- 
ing to them. God intended this to 
be the last great empire. Our fall or 
preservation depends upo?i our re- 
ligious condition, and our attitude 
to our brctlwcn. The civil fetters 
have been broken, the dark night 
of ignorance is slowly but surely 
receding under American patron- 
age. To make these people what 
God intended them to be, to make 
them valuable and noble members 
of the family of man, a true know- 
ledge of God and his son Jesus 
Christ is necessar}'. To do this we 
possess both the means and the 
ability. We have men who are 
able and willing to engage in this 
work providing the means are 

Now is our time to manifest our 
interest in the salvation of our 
brethren, Will we make this op- 
portunity our own ? 

The "Stars and Stripes" are 
everywhere known as the emblem 
of civil liberty, and the people who 
live under its protection are the 
most prosperous of the family of 
man. The Bible, God's precious 
volume of truth, is everywhere 
recognized as the reformer of mor- 
als, the teacher of true nobility, 
"a lamp to the feet M and a light to 
life's pathway. Both are indis- 



pensable. Will we give them the 
blessed word of truth ? 

Fellow citizens, the invincible 
"Stars and Stripes," the emblem of 
love, truth, and purity, has been 
borne to these people by our own 
brave sons under the efficient lead- 
ership of Dewey, Schley, Sampson, 
Miles, Shafter, Brooke, Roosevelt 
and others. Already the bless- 
ings brought to them are apparent. 
They enjoy life as never before. 
They realize the benefits of free- 
dom, American prosperity and 
contentment are no longer an 
enigma to them. Laudation is 
found upon the lips of all liberated. 
They hail the "Stars and Stripes" 
as the emblem of their salvation, 
the harbinger of peace and free- 
dom, the protector of man's rights, 
the oppressor of wrong and wrong- 
doing, and a weapon of defense 
against despotism. 

May we not also bring to them 
the glad tidings which the heavenly 
messenger announced to the shep- 
herds on the plains of Bethlehem ? 
May we not sing the song of joy 
and peace which the celestial choir 
sang to the lowly watchers on that 
never-to-be-forgotten night? May 
not the story of the Babe of Bethle- 
hem be wafted over the briny deep 
to those island shores so that they 
too may know that a Savior died 
for them ? 

Miss B. says H. is getting very 

The Peril of Prosperity- 


It is fitting that an individual 
studying the comparative rise and 
fall of nations should pay particu- 
lar attention to the causes that led 
to their greatness and to their 

Also making due allowance for 
the variations in time, customs, 
possibilities, and responsibilities, to 
compare those nations with his own 
and carefully ascertain the causes 
that led to the eminence of his own 
nation, and the germs of dissension 
and dissociation, which even at the 
present time may be incipient. 
This applies especially to an Amer- 
ican student, as no nation ever be- 
fore rose so firmly and uniformly 
and no nation today presents a 
more interesting study of the peril 
of prosperity. 

Glance back with me over 4,000 
years to Assyria, the first great 
empire of the earth, situated in far 
distant Mesopotamia. 

This empire was constructed by 
indefatigable effort and conquered 
Babylon and all surrounding terri- 
tory. The reigns of government at 
that time were in the hands of 
Semiranius, a queen ; rich, ambi- 
tious, and uncontented, She fitted 
out an expedition to conquer the 
whole known earth, but was igno- 
miniously defeated. 

Have we not people of such na- 
ture today occupying exalted posi- 
tions in our own idolized republic r 



May not such a fate at sometime 
be ours ? 

Let America beware. 

Consider the kingdom of Israel. 
While prosperous, differences arose 
between certain of the tribes which 
finally effected a separation into 
two kingdoms. This eventually 
meant Israel's downfall Because 
in the scriptural language, "A 
house divided against itself cannot 

When we think of our own coun- 
try during the time of the rebel- 
lion, and observe how our nation 
was divided, is it not miraculous 
that unity once more asserted it- 
self, and granted to America the 
blessed privilege of being again 
united beneath the Star Spangled 
Banner after she had been torn 
asunder and her very existence 
threatened by the baneful and vi- 
cious banner of secession. Behold 
America today. Observe the con- 
dition of affairs that today exists 
between capital and labor. This 
conflict , being continually accele- 
rated by fresh disturbances, is sure 
to create as marked a division in 
America as existed during the days 
of secession, if both capitalist and 
laborer do not put forth strenuous 
efforts to maintain harmony. If it 
is possible for such a conflict to oc- 
cur, is it not possible that it may 
mean the ultimate downfall of the 
republic ? Because America once 
regained her coalescence, does that 
make it certain that she would be 
so fortunate again? Let loyal citi- 
zens consider this. 

Notice how in 490 B, C. Miltia- 
des, the Athenian, so valiantly re- 
pulsed and put to flight the Persian 
army; how, ten years later, Leoni- 
das, the Spartan, with less than a 
thousand men, fought so bravely 
against millions of Persians. Af- 
ter these brilliant achievements 
mutual jealousy between Athens 
and Sparta proved fatal to both. 
Athens, the survivor, shamefully 
transferred the ruling power to 
Philip of Macedon. But why did 
she do this? Because her rules 
were corrupted and bribed. At 
that time principles, private honor, 
and public goods were exposed to 
sale as in a market, and a perni- 
cious laxity of method succeeded 
which gnawed out the very vitals 
of Athenian pride and honor. 

Can we not find such a condition 
of political affairs in this State, yea, 
more, in this, Lebanon county ? Is 
it not time for honest American 
citizens to institute stringent re- 
forms, when the second State in 
the Union, both in wealth and pop- 
ulation, has for its political leaders, 
men such as control Pennsylvania 
politics today. Men who advise 
their henchmen to secure legisla- 
tive votes, if not by fair means, by 
a judicious use of gold and prom- 
ises, in order that they may accom- 
plish their desired end. 

Is it proper for such men or their 
avowed lieutenants to represent 
this fair State in America's highest 
legislative body ? That body which 
should be composed of "meu, 



high minded men, who their duties 
know and knowing dare maintain. ' ' 
Are such men competent to assist 
our revered President to hold aloft 
the banner of independence, over 
''the land of the free and the home 
of the brave? 1 * This State fur- 
nishes a typical example of mod- 
ern bossisrn. 

Hundreds of years ago Huns and 
vandals overthrew Rome, the an- 
cient mistress of the earth. Today 
we as a nation need fear no inva- 
sion from a hostile power so much 
as we must fear disruption by 
means of internal evils and fatal 
dissensions. Vice is today mistress 
of many of the most popular and 
influential citizens of America, men 
wdio are potent in national life and 
revered in private life, are domi- 
nated by rum, licentiousness, lying 
and hypocrisy. 

What is the feeling of the mass- 
es today regarding our military 
system? The people regard with 
amazement and disgust the quar- 
rels and acrimonious attacks made 
upon one another by our chief mil- 
itary authorities. Such scandals 
upon our Secretary of War and 
Major-General of the United States 
army as are just now current re- 
port, cannot help but make our 
army and its officers appear ridicu- 
lous to the world, and make us 
fit companions for the French, 
whose civil and military affairs 
have been so severely condemned. 

But what else can we expect 
w r hen we are compelled to acknowl- 

edge that the Secretary of War is 
a man, dishonored in the rebellion, 
and who owes his present position 
simply to money and political in- 
fluence. A man who appointed 
officers of volunteer regiments from 
their political influence and sup- 
port and did not think or know 7 
that ability is the greatest factor in 
successful warfare. 

Again, we are in peril because of 
proposed territorial expansion. Our 
most pressing needs are such as 
nothing but loyal, true, earnest, 
self-sacrificing men can supply. 
Without these it is useless that we 
extend our territory from ocean to 
ocean and quarry gold as we do 
rocks. These physical accessions, 
coming so suddenly upon us do but 
increase our peril. 

Adversity w r e might bear, and 
be better for it, but how 7 shall we 
bear this gush of seeming pros- 
perity? Seeming, I say, because 
time alone can determine its reality. 
If we do not cut ourselves entirely 
loose from our ancient moorings, 
but hold fast to our integrity, our 
continence w r ill prove that some 
sterling virtue is still left. After 
all our conquests, the most difficult 
yet remains— victory over ourselves. 

In view of these facts let us not 
fold our hands singing "My Coun- 
try 'Tis of Thee," but let us as 
loyal citizens raise our voice in 
humble supplication to our Omnip- 
otent Father that he may deliver 
us from temptation. O that we 
may not become intoxicated with 



joy because of recent prosperity and 
that we may not minimize in our 
minds our country's peril. But let 
us be loyal and true citizens of our 
republic loving her with our heart's 
deepest affection and protecting her 
with our best ability while she 
valiantly struggles against error 
and wrong. 

Here truthfully we can say in 
the language of Lowell, 
"What word divine of lover or of poet 
Can tell our love andjmake thee know it, 
Among the nations bright beyond com- 

What are our lives without thee ? 

What all our lives to save thee ? 

We reck not what we give thee ; 

We will not dare to doubt thee 1 

But ask whatever else, and we will dare I" 


Finding Our Place, 

w. o. roop, 'oi. 

As we look into nature we are 
impressed with the beautiful les- 
sons it teaches. 

One of these lessons is ■ *usef ul- 
ness. ' ' On every hand we see this 
lesson demonstrated. The tiny 
leaf which forms but a small part 
of the foliage fills a very important 
mission; it is an established fact 
that the leaf gives off oxygen, so 
essential to our physical life, and 
absorbs carbonic acid gas which is 
dangerous to human life. Scien- 
tists tell us the leaf is necessary to 
the existence of man. 

The decaying matter on the 
mountain side is preparing the fuel 
for future ages, and lying there 

year after year, apparently worth- 
less, it is contributing to the com- 
fort and happiness of coming gen- 

The fleecy flock in the distant 
vale is manufacturing your gar- 
ments and mine. The fragrant 
rose fills an office as sweet and 
beautiful as itself. Aside from its 
fragrance, it imparts cheer and 
sunshine to the sick room, it en- 
courages the discouraged, it is the 
handiwork of God and bears testi- 
mony to Him. 

All of these various agencies are 
insignificant in comparison with 
mail' — man the most independent 
of creatures, endowed with reason 
and the privilege of choice. What 
then must be the mission of man ? 
Surely God has designed each of 
us for a purpose. He has given us 
talents and He allows us to choose 
where w T e shall employ them, what 
place we shall fill in life; and the 
question, "What is my place?" is 
one of the most important and 
difficult questions one starting in 
life has to answer. 

Nevertheless each of us is re- 
quired to answer the question, and 
upon the decision depends largely 
our future success or failure. We 
cannot answer this question cor- 
rectly by mere guess-work any 
more than w T e can solve a mathe- 
matical problem by guess, but just 
as there are rules that assist in 
working mathematics so there are 
means, which if properly used, will 
lead us to the correct conclusion* 



In the first place we should 
known ourselves. ' ' Know thyself ' 
is the advice of good old Socrates, 
acknowledged to have been one of 
the wisest and best of men. Well 
may we follow his advice. The 
better we know ourselves the more 
justly and satisfactorily can w T e deal 
w T ith ourselves, 

"First to thine own self be true 
and it must follow as the night the 
day thou canst not then be false to 
any man." 

We should seek to know our 
moral, mental, and physical abili- 
ties, our weaknesses, our talents, 
our tendencies, thus taking an ac- 
count of stock we know what we 
are worth, and knowing that we 
can decide more intelligently w r hat 
we are capable of doing. We can 
study ourselves best in our actions, 
for it is in them that we reveal our- 

Our tendencies will often show 
us for w T hat we are naturally fitted. 

We have heard it, said that com- 
ing events cast their shadows be- 
fore, and by watching carefully the 
"shadows" we might discover for 
what nature has designed us. 

It is said of Isaac Watts, whom 
we all recognize as the author of 
beautiful hymns, that in early boy- 
hood he was constantly rhyming, 
much to the disgust of his father. 
One day while receiving some fath- 
erly advice for the same, Watts 
gave utterance to these words, 
"Dear father, do some pity take 
And I will no more verses make." 

Smeaton while scarcely able to 
climb to the roof of his father's 
barn tacked there a little windmill 
w r hich foreshadowed the great en- 
gineer he w T as afterward to become. 

Likewise, Benjamin West, the 
famed artist, when yet a child rob- 
bed his cat* s tail of hair in order to 
make a paint brush and sketched 
with remarkable skill the face of 
his sleeping sister. 

Again, we should get an educa- 
tion, for it is that which developes 
our powers, our talents, and makes 
us better able to fill creditably our 
place. The good of education con- 
sists not merely in the learning ac- 
quired, but also in the development 
and training of the faculties by 
which a degree of perfection in 
work is reached that cannot be at- 
tained through any other means. 
Duty demands our best in whatever 
we pursue. However, in receiving 
an education w T e should seek to 
have the moral and spiritual side 
of our beings developed along with 
the intellectual, otherwise educa- 
tion is only one-sided, but by de- 
veloping all our faculties we obtain 
a symmetrical and well rounded 
out education. 

If a man is inclined to be a ras- 
cal and receives merely develop- 
ment of intellect he becomes a 
slicker rascal. If the moral and 
spiritual nature of Bonaparte had 
not been neglected, what a saving 
to the world in blood and treasure 
there would have been. Merely 
intellectual culture made him a 



military prodigy and a thing of 

( Concluded next month. ) 


Conservatory of Music. 

February 24, Director Oldham, 
of the Conservatory, opeued the 
new pipe organ in the St. Paul's 
IL B. Church, Hagerstown, Md. 
The church was crowded to the 
doors, and Prof. Oldham was hon- 
ored with the largest, most appre- 
ciative, and best pleased audience 
that ever attended an organ recital 
in the town. 

March 11 the Operatic Recital 
was held in the College Chapel, 
As was predicted, this was the 
finest recital yet given. While 
every number was a gem we will 
not be considered partial if we par- 
ticularly notice the two vocal num- 
bers of Mrs, H. U. Roop, "Ernani" 
and the ' 'Barcarolle" from Gou- 
nod 5 s opera 1 ! Poly euc te ; n Pro f . 
Oldham's piano solo "Faust," and 
the overture from "Zarnpa" by 
Prof. Oldham and Miss Mabel Man- 
beck and Miss Royer, Miss Bat- 
dorf played the second piano to 
Prof. Oldham 1 s first in Thalhey's 
"Norma," and the recital closed 
with a fine rendering of the Mis- 
erere scene from Trovatore. The 
audience was largely in excess of 
any attending the recitals, the 
Chapel was crowded. 

The next recital by the Music 
Conservatory will be about May 6. 

The Conservatory will give the 
closing concert, Monday evening 
in commencement week, and the 
Conservatory class of '99 will hold 
its commencement on Tuesday af- 
ternoon of the same week. 

Director Oldham, assisted by 
Mrs. H. U. Roop, will give a recital 
in M}^erstown p April 1. Prof, 
Oldham plays for the literary socie- 
ty 's anniversary at Avon, April 8, 


Senior Dinner, 

The dinner given to the Senior 
class on Wednesday evening, March 
22, by their classmate, H, M. Im- 
boden, was an elaborate affair. Up- 
on arriving at the hotel in cabs the 
Seniors were ushered into the par- 
lor where a short time was spent 
in conversation. At 9.30 they en* 
tered the banquet hall, while Prof, 
Nagle's orchestra played one of its 
best marches. The table was beau- 
tifully decorated. The class colors 
were displayed in large satin ribbon 
bows, while every where smilax 
and the Daisy abounded in profu- 

The menu was excellent, con- 
taining the latest and most popu- 
lar dishes. 

Mr. J. S. Stehman presided very 
ably as toastmaster. He introduc- 
ed Mr. ti E. Runk, who responded 
to the toast, "The Girls of '99." 
Miss Shelley responded to the toast, 
"The Boys of '99," and Mr, H. E. 
Miller responded to "All of Us Ten 
Years Hence." 



Sophomore Rhetoricals, 

The first division of the Sopho- 
more class appeared before the public 
for the first time on Saturday eve- 
ning, March 4. Two weeks later, 
March iS, the second division made 
its first appearance. 

The Sophomore class is one of 
the largest in the College, and its 
eight ministers of the Gospel add 
much to its dignity. The class 
made a favorable impression on the 

The programs follow : 



Piano Duet — "Spanish Dance, " 

Ruth Leslie, Prof. Oldhain, 
Oration — The Soldiers in Blue, 

S. Edwin Rupp 

B iography — Gl a d sto ne , 

C. A. Sollenberger 
Oration — Finding Our Place, 

William S. Roop 
Vocal Solo— ' 'Come Live With Me," 

Hattie S. Shelly 
Oratiou— Education and Statesmanship, 
S. F. Daugherty 
Oration — God Owns the Sea, 

F. S. Douglass 
Essay — The Real Teacher, Annie Loos 
Vocal Duet— "The Rising Tide," 

LilHe Kreider, I. E. Runk. 
Oration— The Ship Sails On, 

Harry H. Yohe 
Essay — An Old Landmark , Susie Moyer 
Oration — A men c a ' s Opportun ity , 

R. R. Butterwick 
Piano Solo— 1 The Last Hope/ 1 Gotschalk 
Mabel Man beck. 



Piano Solo— (a) "Mazurka," Chopin 
(b) "Mazurka," Goddard 
Prof. H. Oldham, 
Oration — The Peril of Prosperity, 

A. Garfield Smith 
Essay — Christians in Turkey, 

Karuig Kuyoomjian 
Eulogy — Thomas Henry Burrows, 

Cyrus W. Waughtel 
Vocal Solo — Selected, 

W* H. Lineaweaver 
Essay — Some National Evils, 

Emma Loos 
Eulogy — John Jacob Glossbretmer, 

Frank B. Emenheiser 
Oration — The Neglected Educator, 

M. C. Brunner 
Vocal Solo— "Angel Land, " Pinsuti 

Reba Lehman. 
Eulogy — Nelson Dingley, W, S* Roop 
Biography — James Whitcomb Riley, 

Elizabeth Hutter Marshall 
Oration — Unforgotten Deeds, 

Thos, F. Miller 

Vocal Solo — Selected, 

\\\ H. Lineaweaver 

1 l Tut. ' ' — You may rave over your 
black horse Charlie, but give me 
my gray Bill every time. 

Not Returnable by Mail, 

They had a quarrel and she sent 

His letters back next day. 
His ring and all his presents went 

To him without delay; 
"Pray send my kisses back to me 1 ' 

He wrote, "How could you forget 

She answered speedily that he 
Must come himself and get them. 




The College Forum. 

THE COLLEGE FOFUM is published 
monthly throughout the college year by the 
Fhilokosmian Literary Society of Lebanon 
Valley College, 


t E. FLUNK, '99, Editor-in-Chief. 
Galen D. Light, '9*. C, W. Wavuhtel, "01. 
H, E. SPESSAitD, '00. H. H. BAiaH, '0"2. 


8. F. DatjghkrtTj *0' , Business Manager, 

IT. L. EiCHrNOER, Assistant Business Manager 

Terms s Fifty cents a year, five cents a copy, 
THE COLLEGE FOFUM will be forward** 
cd to all subscribers until an order is receive 
ed for its discontinuance, and until all arrears 
ages have been paid, 

Address all business communications to S, F. 
Dangherty, Box 184. Amiville, Pft, 

Entered at the Post Oflice at Annvillc, Fa„ as 
second-class mail matter. 


The Winter term has been a pro- 
gressive period in the history of the 
college. The Music Department 
thro the efforts of the Director, has 
come to the front. In the Science 
Department, by the careful man- 
agement of the Professor in charge, 
a dynamo has been added to its 
equipment. The progress made 
by the Literary Societies was evi- 
dent to all who attended the meet- 
ings. Equal to the literary and 
material improvements has been 
the moral developments. The Y. 
M. C. A., the Y. W. C A, and the 
prayer meetings have been charac- 
terized by good attendance and ef- 
fective work. 

All the leading powers of the 
world have responded to the Czar's 
plea for disarmament- Represen- 
tatives in some countries, have 
been appointed, and a conference 
will convene at The Hague in May. 
The subject to be considered will 
be a weighty one. It will not be 
war, with all its bloodshed and 
death. The nations have learned 
enough of that. Neither will it be 
peace, for that will follow the lay- 
ing down of arms. It will be the 
consideration of the establishment 
of an International Court, to be 
presided over by a judge, appoint- 
ed by the nations; who shall hold 
his position for life. 

There is no reason w T hy difficul- 
ties between nations can not be set- 
tled in the same way that difficul- 
ties between individuals are set- 

* * * 

Of the two great sources, — 
observation and experience— from 
each of which issue forth streams 
of knowledge to the thirsty mind 
of the individual, the former scource 
is by far superior to the latter |n 
the amount of information which 
it sends forth. Although the Book 
of Nature has been open to inspec- 
tion in every century, yet for two 
thousand years inquiry was sup- 
pressed, due to the warfare which 
existed between science and the 
Scriptures; and only within the 
last few years comparatively has 
the research been renewed. The 



Divine Creator has penned upon the 
pages of the Book of Nature a "va- 
rious language/' which should be 
studied as much as possible by each 
one. But to interpret this living 
and universal language it is neces- 
sary that we learn the principles of 
the Science of Observation and on- 
ly then will we understand the 
philosophy of nature. To the un- 
observing mind nature has but lit- 
tle inspiration, for she offers her- 
self in the negative, and only by 
close observation cati the laws 
which govern her be ascertained. 
Ere long nature will clothe herself 
again in a new garb, and a close 
study of the latter will form an ex- 
cellent supplement to our knowl- 
edge. It was not uncommon for 
one to teach the entire realm of 
science, but since observation has 
been reduced to a science there are 
specialists in nearly every phase of 
nature. The fields of observation 
have been greatly augmented as 
well as the observers, the results 
of whose labors are already amaz- 

Opening — Spring Term. 

At this writing the Spring Term 
is opening briskly with about 30 
new students and nearly all the old 
ones returned. 

Many of the students assembled 
In the Chapel on Tuesday, 1.30 p. 
m. The schedule of recitations 
w r as announced and lessons assign- 
ed for the following day. 

On Wednesday morning almost 
the entire student body assembled 
in the chapel. After devotional 
exercises, Bishop Kephart address- 
ed the students. He spoke in his 
usual style, adding to his advice, 
wit and humor. Among other 
things, he said, ' 'Success in life de- 
pends on yourself. The elements 
of success must be in you. You 
must be right. A good hickory 
axe handle can not be made of 
bass-wood. First : Start right. 
He who does not start right can 
not end right. It is more difficult 
to unlearn than to learn a thing. 
Men of equal ability are not always 
equally successful; If your meth- 
ods of study has not led you to suc- 
cess, take up a new; The little 
things defeat men in life. 
Second : Be content; Nobody likes 
a grumbler and faultfinder; Culti- 
vate a sweet disposition. 

Third: Have a degree of self- 
confidence; Be not egotistic; Be 
self-reliant; Have opinions of your 
own, but do not shape your opin- 
ions by your likes and dislikes. 
Base them upon sound judgment. 
Be sure in your studies to master 
w T hat you have before you. You 
are studying for eternity, 1 1 

A Fitting Reward. — She : "Is- 
raels, Abe vas het of his klasses all 
veeks, what shall ve gives him ! M 

"Let him schmells at dis here 
oranges avhile vich Yocobs gave 



Sketch of Dr. Ftmkhouser's Address, 

1 . God has a larger purpose for 
each one of you than any of you 
could guess with the wildest guess. 
Examples: Paul, Napoleon, Lin- 
coln, all lives, 

2. Place from which you are 
called has nothing to do in deter- 
mining what you shall be. Illus- 
tration, Nathaniel's saying of Christ 
in respect to Nazareth. 

3. Place to which God calls you 
has nothing to do in what God can 
make of you. God has given you 
a divine plan if you have ears to 
hear and hearts to obey. 

The impure thoughts you hide 
from your faculty and fellow stu- 
dents will ruin yon. There is 
nothing covered which shall not be 
revealed. Illustrated by the eagle 
falling to the ground lifeless y be- 
cause a w T easel had fastened its 
fangs into the breast of the bird 
before he flew away and thus suck- 
ed out the life blood, so the impure 
thoughts. Beware ! Shut off the 
acquaintances of one who persists 
in telling stories. Some one en- 
tered the room once upon a time 
and said, ' 'There are no ladies pres- 
ent, I have a good story to tell 
you." Gen. Grant being present, 
answered, "No, but there are some 
gentlemen present." 

Take care of your body. Take 
plenty of fresh air in your rooms 
day and night. Make for your- 
selves good lungs. I furnish my 
students with dumb bells to exer- 

cise. Run five minutes every day. 
It would not hurt you ladies to run 
five minutes every day with your 
mouth closed. Then in case of an 
emergency you will be prepared. 
A man the other day ran to make 
the train, he fell dead, — heart 

One more thing, Christian col- 
leges depend not only upon the 
president and faculty, but upon 
each one of you. 

Confront the sinner with person- 
al salvation. Get in the habit for 
personal work. We are expansion- 
ists now, so are all Americans. 
No reason why L. V. C. should 
not be one of the greatest colleges 
in the State. 

Most of you are from the coun- 
try — a good sign. Closed with an 
extract from DeMott, followed by 
great applause. 

Y, Wi C A. 

On the 13th and 14th of March 
the Y. W. C. A. was favored by a 
visit of the State College Secretary 
of the Association, Mrs. Lowry, 
wmose helpful suggestions and 
sweet personality contributed to a 
pleasant and encouraging start of 
the term's work. 

The beginning of the term was 
marked, also, by an election of new 
officers : President, Nora E. Spayd; 
vice president, Reba Lehman ; cor- 
responding secretary, Lillie Krei- 
der ; recording secretary, Nellie 
Buffington; treasurer, Susie Moyer; 
Forum correspondent, Enid Daniel. 



y- m. a A, 

We are glad to note that the stu- 
dents are being convinced that 
there is nothing that needs to be 
developed more than a true Chris- 
tian character. We may live in 
sin in college, but its influence will 
be felt in our lives for years after 
we have left the sacred halls of 

Some men say that it is harder 
to live a Christian at college than 
anywhere else. Do we all agree? 
The complaint is that they are sur- 
rounded with so many more temp- 
tations. It is not the many tempta- 
tions that make it seem hard, but 
the peculiarity of them. Young 
men are tempted in entirely differ- 
ent w r ays from those at home. iVnd 
only as they, by sincere trust in 
God j overcome these temptations 
are they strengthened in their 
Christian characters. Shall we 
then thrust ourselves into tempta- 
tions ? Not at all ; these trials 
must come to test our lives some- 
times, and a young man is nowhere 
more able to overcome them than 
in a Christian institution, where he 
mingles with men who are linger- 
ing in struggles similar to his own, 
and where his associations with 
young men of God make his path- 
way one of peace and joy 

Many I say have been enjoying 
the riches of the Sabbath afternoon 
meetings and all the blessings that 
God through this medium gives to 
his children. We long to grasp 

the hand of every student and wel- 
come him to our ranks. 


Among the Societies* 


Virtude ei Fide. 


Although thus far we have had 
a successful year yet it is true we 
have come short of our goal. An- 
other term has opened, many of us 
have but a short time to spend in 
our society hall. Next school year 
will find some of us in new fields. 
Should we not put porth every 
effort to make the Clionian Literary 
Society what we want it to be- 
what we think it should be ? We 
can not accomplish this through 
indifference, but by being faithful 
workers, being present at every 
meeting and by never shirking 
duty. These are some of the 
things all of us must do and by so 
doing we cannot help but become a 
most successful organization. 

Miss Nora Spayd was elected a 
member of our society. We all 
feel encouraged and are glad to 
have her name enrolled as an active 
member of the society. We sin- 
cerely hope that this term many 
will be willing to join and take 
part in this work. 

An interesting feature this month 
was a musical program. The se- 
lections w r ere taken from Chopin 



and Mendelssohn. Several of the 
girls read interesting papers on the 
lives of these composers. 

The joint session with our Kalo. 
brothers, March 3, was very inter- 
esting. All who took part were 
very well prepared. 


Palma non sine Pulvere. 


Another term of our College year 
has swiftly passed by and we can 
scarcely realize that we have al- 
ready entered the last term of this 
Collegiate year. 

Looking back over our work as 
students most of us feel gratified at 
the results of our arduous labors in 
every department of the work, but 
feel especially pleased with our 
achievements in the literary society. 

As a society w T e have made rapid 
strides both in improving our op- 
portunities for development along 
literary lines and in the upbuilding 
of K, L. S, by adding new names 
to the roll of the society. Among 
others who have joined and have 
been proposed for membership is 
Mr, Don Thelo Stees, of Harris- 
burg, the foot ball and base ball 
coach of our school. To him as 
well as to all others who may desire 
to enter the open door of K. L. S. 
we say, "Welcome, and God speed 
in your work. 3 f 

On Friday evening, March io, 
the joint session of C. L. S. and 

K. L- S- was held in the former's 
hall. The program proved to be 
one of the best rendered there this 
3^ear. Each number was carefully 
prepared and every production was 
well rendered. The debate, "Re- 
solved, That Modern Civilization 
is Conducive to the Prolongation 
of Life," was exceedingly interest- 
ing and warmly discussed. 

The joint session for the spring 
term will be held on Friday eve- 
ning, April 14. Both societies 
extend a most hearty welcome 
to the newcomers to attend this 
meeting, feeling that they will be 
benefitted both along social and 
intellectual lines. 

The ballot for officers for the 
spring term w T as recently cast and 
the following members were elect- 
ed : President, A. G, Smith ; vice 
president, D. E. Long ; recording 
secretary, W. Balsbaugh ; corres- 
ponding secretary, M. Smelt zer ; 
chaplain, J, Gray bill ; librarian, C. 
E. Roudabush ; critic, J, D, Steh- 
man ; censor, A. E. Schroyer. 

The twenty-second anniversaty 
of the Kalozetean Literary Society 
will be held in the College Chapel, 
on Friday evening, April 7, the 
exercises commencing at 7.30 p. 
m. All are cordially invited to be 

During the past term we have 
been visited by many of the ladies 
of the school and also by some of 
our Philo, brethren. To these we 



say we feel honored by their pres- 
ence and encouraged to do our best 
in society work by the words of 
praise that fell from their lips, and 
hope they may not discontinue their 
visits for they will ever find a wel- 
come in the K. L,, S. hall. 

To the new students w r e w r ould 
say, "Come and see us and we will 
do thee good ;" and if perchance 
you should wish to join us in our 
noble work, you will find ns ever 
ready to help you to improve this 
golden opportunity of your college 


Esse Quam Videri. 

There has been no meeting of 
the society for several weeks on 
account of the lecture and concert. 

The executive committee has 
arranged a legislative program for 
Friday evening, April 14; the meet- 
ing will represent a session of the 
State legislature and each member 
of the society will act as a repre- 
sentative from some county, Mr. 
C. E. Snoke has been appointed to 
prepare and present a bill to the 
legislature. Much interest is being 
manifested and it is earnestly hoped 
that there will be no deadlock. 


(< Clipp M thinks because he has a 
Daniel he has the whole kingdom 
of Israel. 


Rev. Parker, field secretary of 
Philamoth College, Oregon, con- 
ducted the Chapel exercises, 
March 8, 

Miss Sarah Roop, of Highspire, 
was the guest of her friends and 
relatives at the College for several 

Revs- Mr. Eshlenian and Mr. 
Beveridge were welcome visitors at 
Chapel, Wednesday morning, 
March 9. 

Rev. Mr. Spayd, pastor of the 
First TJ. B. Church, at York, was 
the guest of his daughter, Nora, a 
member of the class 'oo, on Mon- 
day, March 6. 

Dr. Funkhouser, senior professor 
of Union Biblical Seminary, Day- 
ton, Ohio, gave an interesting ad- 
dress to the student body on the 
6th. A sketch of his address is 
given in another column. 

Dr. Roop preached at Mechanics- 
burg on the 5 th, at Gordonville on 
the 1 2th, at Lebanon on the 19th, 
at which place Mrs. Roop sang at 
the service. 

Prof. Daugherty and wife spent 
Saturday and Sunday, March 4 and 
5, with her parents at Highspire. 

Rev. Joseph Daugherty and wife 
of Baltimore, spent several days 
with his friends and relatives at 
College during the early part of 
the month. 



Miss Hattie Shelley and A. G. 
Smith were confined to their rooms 
several days with the mumps. 

Among the visitors at College, 
Sunday, March 12, were Misses 
Kate Sweigert and Anna Warnel, 
of Schuylkill Haven ; Kate Barr 
and Laura Keiper, of Elizabethville, 
and Mrs, Don H. Stees, of Har- 

Rev. C. W. Brubaker, pastor of 
the U, B. Church, Canton, O., was 
a visitor at the College. 

Prof. Daugherty preached at 
Steel ton, Sunday, March 19. 

A. R. Clippiuger visited his 
brother, W. G. Clippinger, from 
Friday until Monday, March 17-20. 

S. D. Miller, of Manheini, was a 
guest of his friends and relatives 
on College Avenue, last week. 

W. O. Jones, who has been ab- 
sent from College several mouths, 
has returned and will resume his 
work in the Senior class. 

Dr. Roop attended the Pennsyl- 
vania, Maryland and Virginia Con- 
ferences. He reports much en- 
thusiasm and encouraging support 
for the College. 

Prof. Spaugler filled the pulpit 
of Rev. Harry Miller, of West 
Lebanon, Sunday evening, March 

Rev. Mr. Brownmiller was the 
guest of his son, Luther, Wednes- 
day, March 22. 

Messrs. Roop, Sanders, Gass, 
Oyer, Burtner, Reider, Light and 
Yohe were entertained in a royal 
manner by their friend Morris 
Brightbill, at his farm a few miles 
from town, on March S. 

The lecture by Charles H, Fraser 
on Friday evening, March io, and 
the Eldredge Concert Company on 
March 17, were both attended by 
large and appreciative audiences. 
The lecture committee deserves 
great praise for the excellent en- 
tertainment they have furnished us 
this year. The course will end 
with a lecture by Russell H. Con* 
well, on April 5. 


Alumni Notes, 

John E. Kleffman, '89, was 
elected a trustee of the College by 
the Pennsylvania Conference to fill 
the vacancy caused by the resigna- 
tion of Rev. I. H. Albright. 

C. E. Geyer, '82, of Cataw r issa, 
Pa. , was recently called to Ann* 
ville owing to the death of his 
mother-in-law, Mrs. Rudolph Herr. 

Chas. E. Rauch, 'Si f merchant 
at Lebanon, Pa, , is taking an active 
part in the organization of a Y. M. 
C. A. in that city. 

Daniel D. Keedy, '78, the en- 
terprising merchant at Keedysville, 
Mi, was in attendance at the 
Maryland Conference. 

S, K. Wine, '8i, closed a suc- 
cessful revival at Staunton, Va. 


H. B. Dohner, '78, in his tour 
around the world f is conducting 
the conference in Germany for 
Bishop Kephart. 

Samuel H. Stein, of the class of 
*92 in music, has been elected pas- 
tor of vSt. Paul's Reformed Church, 
Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

Oscar E. Good, '94, of Progress, 
Pa,, has been elected to fill the 
vacancy in the Steel Lou High School 
011 account of the resignation of 
Miss Ida M. Ebert 

Dr. H. B. Stehman, '73, super- 
intendent or the Presbyterian Hos- 
pital, Chicago, 111., was recently 
in the east visiting relatives and 

Prof. J. T. Spangler, '90, attend- 
ed the sessions of the Maryland 

E. S. Bowman, '90, and W. H. 
Washinger, '91, were each re- 
turned for the sixth year to Mech- 
anicsburg and Chambersburg re- 
spectively by the Pennsylvania 

C. S. Huber, '92, attorney-at- 
law, delivered an address to the 
students of Western College, on 
Washington's Birthday. 

G. K. Hartman, '94, was assign- 
ed to Carlisle circuit by the Penn- 
sylvania Conference. 

Lillie J. E. Rice, '92, has a num- 
ber of private students on the piano 
at her home. 

C. A, Burtner, '78, was returned 
to Otterbein Church, Harrisburg. 

Allen U. Baer, '98, resigned his 
pastorate at Milton, Pa M and joined 
Rock River Conference. 

Jos. Daugherty, '89, and Jay W. 
Yohe, '98, attended the lecture of 
Chas. Fraser on March 10, in the 
College Chapel, 

Miss Minnie E, Weinman, '93, 
of Wilkinsburg, Pa. , recently vis- 
ited friends in Annville. 

E. 0- Burtner, '90, visited the 
College last week, 

Rev. John H, Graybill, '72, is 
succeeding very well as pastor of 
the Presbyterian Church, at St. 
Mary's, Pa. 



Coach Stees is taking advantage 
of the weather and has his men on 
the field practicing for the base ball 

On April 8 a game will be played 
with the Franklin and Marshall 
team on the home grounds. 

We are sorry to note the depart- 
ure of Mr. Frank Douglass. He 
has made a fine athletic record and 
we hope that he may be with us 
again next year. 

A program has been arranged for 
an entertainment to be given in the 
interest of athletics at the begin- 
ning of this term. 



Easter Tidings, 


Says I to dad at Easter, 
We'll send our Had a box; 

We'll captivate a rooster 
As sly as any fox. 

An' then I'll boil ! im done, 

An 1 put some fillin' in; 
I know he'll have some fun 

A gnawin' at his shin. 

I'll bake a choe'late cake 
An* smear the icin T on, 

An' then the rooster stake 
'111 plase our only son. 

Fur students thar at school 
Don't git a treat like that; 

They're treated mighty cool, 
Fur Had is niver fat. 

Yon know how rouu' he war 
Las' faul afore he went, 

An' now he says he's squar, 
An' feels a little bent. 

They say they niver rest 
On ham an' eggs an' sich, 

An' so they say it's best 
To give 'em bread an' flitch. 

Had sa} r s he's laming', thogh, 
So then it makes no difs 

If Had must lif on dough, 
Jes* so's the rascal lifs. 

Folkes niver know 

Wat lads go thru at school ; 
They're sometimes made a show, 

An 1 other times a fool- 
But Had was niver sick, 

He's made of better stuf ; 
He's used to ham and flitch 

An' handlin' pritty ruf. 

The tram's a blowin' dad, 
So take the box an' run 

An' send my love to Had 
Our hungry little son. 


We welcome many new exchanges 
to our desk for the March issue. 
Many of them are full of good read- 
ing material for college students, 
and are made attractive to all class- 
es by many excellent stories, as 
well as clever jokes and witty say- 
ings. "A little nonsense now and 
then is relished by the wisest men. ■ ' 
But w T hen some papers crowd out 
the literary pages by as many and 
even more pages rilled with many 
sa3'ings that may pass as apologies 
for jokes, we advise them to study 
the true meaning of wit, and not 
try to deceive intelligent people by 
printing them under some catchy 
head, which is so bad a misnomer. 
We are glad to say, however, that 
there are but few T which need criti- 
cism along this line. 

1 'The Dickinsonian" is to be es- 
pecially commended for its real lit- 
erary worth. We make mention 
of an article in its March issue 
which is especially interesting on 
account of its practical value, 
1 'Arithmetic in the Preparatory 
School. ' 1 The author has the right 
conceptions of the proper methods 
of teaching arithmetic in prepara- 
tory schools, so as to place the stu- 
dent on the proper foundation for 
higher mathematics in college work. 

The poetry in "The Eatonian" 
is well worthy of commendation; 
and we take liberty to say that this 
particular phase in literary produc- 



tions should be encouraged in all 
our college papers. 

The business managers of ' 'The 
Windmill" must have been using 
their Greek and Latin ponies for 
another purpose, as the paper con- 
tains nine pages of advertisements 
and eight pages of literary work. 
They must have run a race with 
the editors and won the price (s) . 

If a Profy meet a Sophy 
Smoking a cigar — 

If a Profy ' 'fire" a Sophy 
Need a Sophy sw'ar? 


Prof, (in geomety): "Wat is a 
secant ?" 

Pupil: "A blind man is a se- 
cant. — Ex. 

Rensselaer ^ 

^ PoSytech n \&$f\ 
\% a Institute, 

V Troy, N-Y. 

if oalexamiiJAi |ona provided for. Send fori Oatftloffu* 



East Main Street Livery Attached, 

JOS, A, SMITH, Mgr., 

Hardware, Plain, Stamped & Japanned Ware, 


All kinds of Shoe Repairing. 
New work made to order. 



Next door to Hotel Eagle. 


72 West Main Street, ANNVILLE. PA. 


847 Cumberland Street, 
Lebanon, Pa, 

Good teeth are one of nature's most 
pleasing charms. 

If you have a tooth missing we can 
replace it by our scientific crown and 
bridging system, most lasting and beau- 

Wa make a specialty of crown and bridge 
work, gold and stiver fillings, 



142 N. Eighth Street, 

Special Inducements to Students. 


If so, you will soon be looking around 
for furniture. Perhaps you are already 
married, and would like some new furni- 
ture to brighten up your home ? A par- 
lor suite, bed room set, book case, odd 
chairs, dresser, etc. Perhaps an office 
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high grade Grand Rapids furniture direct 
from the factory and thereby save the 
retailers' profit, A dollar saved is two 
dollars earned. Send for catalogue, 
Grand Rapids Furniture Company. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Eastman Business College g 1 The System of Teaching 

Has in its half a century of work 
developed the capacity of thousands 
into well -trained men, capable to fill 
every department of a business career. 
Known everywhere for the thorough- 
ness of the preparation given in the 
least time at the smallest expense. 

Is based on actual dally experience 
in every branch of business, includ- 
ing Merchandising, Bookkeeping, 
Banking, Commercial Law, Penman- 
ship, Correspondence, Arithmetic, 
Telegraphy, Stenography , Type-writ- 
ing, etc, etc. 

The Journal or the Annual Catalogue will inter- 
est you. Write for It. Address 

CLEMENT C. GAINES, President. 


Young Men Trained 


To be all-around business men or 
they mav take up a special branch of 
business and be THOHOUGH in that. 

No better Illustration of the value of 
a business education can be oflered 
than the success ot those who have 
graduated from Eastman College, 

By the old way t training for business 
was acquired through yeans of ap- 
prenticeship, but the successful man 
of today Is the one who enters the 
field prepared for the work he is to do 
by the new and shorter methods of 
Eastman College, the model business 

A Thorough Business Man 

Is the description of the man who 
becomes successful, is known and has 
the confidence of the community* 

BUSINESS HOUSES supplied with con 
petcnt assistants. Situations secured 
without euarge t for all graduates of 
the Business and Short-hand Courses, 
an invaluable feature to many young 
people. Open all the year. Time 
short. Terms reasonable. Address 
as above. 

J. L. Lemberger. Frank GUirn. 



9th and Cumb Sts» LEBANON, PA, 

Our claim in all we do: 

QUALITY— Of first Importance-ACCURACY. 


1 8 and 20 W- rtaln St., ANNV1LLE. 



Anyone enndlng Bfeetch and description may 
quickly ascertain, frea, whether an Invention is 
probnbly paten l.?ible. Co'uri-iJiLK'atirjnB strictly 
coclUltiiitUL OliU.fl Emrciioy fortfccurhigpateuu 
In America. We have u Wu£h)n#ton ofilee. 

Patents tnkim tbrougU aIujiu & Co* receive 
■poalal notice in the 


bonntifu) , y illufitratod* Inrfro^t circulation of 
bey scieut m c J o Lirmtl, veekl y , terma $3.CU a year ; 
ILsOaLx months. Specimen copies and HAND 
KquK ON Patents etiut free. AddresB 

MUNN & CO-, 
301 I* mud way, Now York. 

CNOWLAKE printing house, 

■ A. C M. HIESTEB, Prop. 


Norifa White Oak Street, ANNVILLE, PA 


Hard & Soft Coal i Grain, Seeds, Salt fir Feed, 

Office: Railroad St., near Depot. 

Telephone Connection, 

AnnTillc, Fa, 



783 Cumberland Street, LEBANON, PA 


Shaving and Hair Dressing, 
Eagle Hotel Barber Shop, ANNVILLE, FA, 

Finest ORGAN Made. 

Especially when you can get it at the 
same price as other organs are sold for. 
Intending purchasers should send to us 
for catalogue, etc. We are also general 
agents for the KR AKAUER PIANO for 
Eastern Pennsylvania. Over 200 of these 
Pianos in use in the city of I^ebanon 
alone. It is the finest and "best piano 
made, and prices very reasonable. Pianos 
as low as $150, Catalogues, etc., free* 



Liitcf al Interlinear, 
67 Volumes. 


German, Freneh, 
Italian, Spanish, 
Ltatin and Greek. 

Arthur Hinds & Co. 

4 Cooper Institute, NEW YORK. 

Superior Advantages, Most Reasonable Rates- 

C T' ;T; 'T- >J»t}>*& 


FOUNDED 1866, 


1. Three Commodious Buildings, the fourth in course of erection; 
Pall Classical, Scientific and Musical Courses, the equal of any in the 

2. An able Faculty ; High Standard ; Progressive Methods ; and a 

Well-selected Library. 

3. Environments of the Most Helpful Character in Social, Moral 
and tteligious Life. 

4. A Fine Campus of about Ten Acres for Athletic Sports, and a 
well-equipped Gymnasium. 

Winter Term begins January 3d \ Spring Term, March 28, 1899- 
ao dress, rev. H, U. ROQP, Ph. D., President, 

Annville, Pa. 

Stephen Lane Folger, 

Manufacturing Jeweler. 
Club, College €t Fi*s*tei<ntty 
Emblems, Watehes, Dia- 
monds, Jetuelny, 


Special Designs, also Estimates Furnished* 





One door West Penn'a. House, Annville. 


Penn'a Engraving Co. 

114/120 S, 7th St, PHILADELPHIA. 

A.C. Zimmerman, 

DEftliER IN 

758 Cambeflaod St., 

Stephen Hubertis, 

Blank Book manufacturer, 


. . . RULING, ~~~ WIRE .... 

1125 and 1127 North Third St, 


Garry Eigbt 

BOOKS and 

22 €a$t main Street, 
flmtvilk, Pa. 

New, second-hand a/id shelf worn 




Students Supplies a specialty- 

West End Store, 

John S. Shtpt, Prtp'r, 

General Merchandise! 
Shoes Gent's Furnishing Goods a Specialty 

134436 West Main St., Annyiile, 

I860. 1885 


S, Wr Cor 6th and Willow, LEBANON, 



No, 34 East Main Street, 




At McGowao's Drug Store, 

S, Cor. 7th and Cumberland St., 

Shenk & Kinports r 


and Ladies' Dress Goods. 

Men's Suiting* we make a Specialty. Home 
mode, Ingrain, and Brussels Carpets. You 
buy cheaper from us than away from home, 
and have a large stock to select from. 


Ttiea. Leentaidt k Sod, 

5th and Library Sts„ PMLA, 

Diplomas and Certificates of Mem" 

Also Commercial Work our Specialty* 

If you want to Bay i Hat Fight, and a Eight 
Hat, or anything in 


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8 th and Cumb. Sis-, LEBANON, PA- 



Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 


Fa in 11 Its an d En tert ai n me n is Su p p I ied wi th O VH- 
TEESAND CliKAM. A?i^VlLiiiH, Pfl ( 

H, S, WOLF, 


Green Groceries and Confectioneries, 


New GommoqwsaltH SHoe Store, 

753 Cumb- St., LEBANON, PA 

Makes it a special object to students in 
the way of a liberal discount to buy their 
SHOES of them. 


West Main St, ANNVILLE, PA, 




Vol, XIL No, 4, ANNVILLE, PA„ MAY, 1899, Whole No- 120 

The Anglo-American Alliance* 

E. M. BALSBAUGH, 'oi. 

Although our ears may still be 
ringing with the discordant sounds 
of clashing steel, our eyes, looking 
toward the hidden future through 
the spreading smoke of recent con- 
flicts, are dazzled by the lustre of 
the 1 'star of hope" shining on a 
happy and fast consummating rec- 
onciliation of the most noble and 
worthy race that ever trod the earth. 

There has always been a deep 
undercurrent of affection and 
friendship flowing through the 
breasts of the majority of the in- 
habitants of the sea-girt kingdom 
for their kin on this side the broad 
Atlantic, notwithstanding the jeal- 
ousy and avariciousness of a few of 
their haughty rulers ; and at the 
present day it is the highest ambi- 
tion which pervades every hearth 
from the meanest hovel in all the 
kingdom to the Queen upon her 
throne. The most recent demon- 
stration of England's good will 
toward us was afforded by the 
Spanish-American War. The un- 
paralleled victories achieved by the 

American army and navy were 
celebrated with such magnificence 
in London and other English cities 
that they rivaled those of our own 
land, and the name of that greatest 
of all naval heroes, the peerless 
Admiral George Dewey, is held in 
the same veneration by the English 
as that of their own beloved Nelson. 

The Anglo-Saxon race has always 
been the predominant branch of the 
human family. Today it is repre- 
sented by all the nations that are 
emblematical of everything that is 
pure, noble, refined, civilized and 
christianized. England and Amer- 
ica as the leading representatives of 
this race, have an unquestionable 
right to stand forth as the Mecca 
toward which all liberty loving 
patriots may turn with as true 
devotion as sworn Musselinan ever 
turns his face toward the city of 
his great chief. To maintain this 
position it is highly necessary that 
they be bound in firmest alliance. 
England has been unjustly accused 
of seeking this alliance through 
selfish motives. True it is that 
she has vital interests at stake, but 
America's are equally as important. 



It is only by supporting these in 
conjunction with mutual interests 
that they can become firm friends, 
England has done much in recent 
years to gain our friendship. With 
a spirit which w r as as a stranger to 
English haughtiness, she acknowl- 
edged America's right to interfere 
in the Venezuela controversy by 
virtue of the Monroe Doctrine. 
Now it is America that needs an 
ally. For we are entering upon a 
new policy, which, either for good 
or evil, envolves a much closer con- 
nection than has hitherto existed 
between the fortunes of our Repub- 
lic and the complications of 
European politics. No ally will be 
so valuable and at the same time 
so harmless as England, Why 
then, should we not sanction an 
intimate relation with her? Are 
we not bound by a common origin, 
language, literature, and by com- 
mon interests ? Do w r e not cherish 
the same lofty ideals and motives 
for worthy actions? Is England 
not worthy of our friendship ? No 
nation has done more than she to 
diffuse light into the dark corners 
of the earth, and to supplant 
barbarism with religion and civili- 
zation. But, if oft in accomplish- 
ing this, she has served her own 
purposes with rough disregard for 
the feelings of others, on the whole 
she has served mankind in general. 
If there is to be any censure 
placed upon her, we must be 
sharers of her mortification, for 
our fortunes are inevitably linked 

with hers. There are those who 
would deny that we are as one ; 
yet if they will trace the lineage 
of the American people, they will 
be compelled to acknowledge the 
fact that currents of Anglo-Saxon 
blood are flowing in channels broad 
and deep, over every hill and 
through every dale of our happy 
land, and that it is Anglo-Saxon 
genius which is enacting our laws, 
ruling our country, and carrying 
our starry banner, with its ample 
folds, to succor the oppressed in 
every clime. The rich legacy of 
this blood bequeathed to ns by the 
pious Pilgrims and modest Quakers 
has not been absorbed by the Latin 
and Celtic overflows from Europe. 

We, as a nation, have many 
questions of vital importance con- 
fronting us in conjunction with 
England, but the great, momentous 
issure, w T hich lies behind the cur- 
tain about to rise and present the 
scenes of the new century, is noth- 
ing less than whether in the latter 
half of the next era, Anglo- Ameri- 
ca or Russian Supremacy is to 
control the destinies of the nations 
of the world. We are all well 
aware of the results attendant to 
either, and as Anglo-Saxons we 
owe it to ourselves, to our fellow- 
men, and above all to our Creator 
that we maintain our supremacy 
and thus avert the greatest calam- 
ity that could ever befall man. 

America and England share equal 
alarm and the gravest apprehension 
as they contemplate the dangers 



of the present system of the dis- 
memberment of China. They 
perceive that inevitably this must 
lead to war and the destruction of 
trade and commerce which would 
forever bar out the hope of regen- 
erating a people, whose civilization 
was already hoary w T ith age at the 
time of the birth of Christ. For 
commerce has always been the 
van-guard of missionary move- 
ments and the bearer of the gospel 
of peace to the weary nations. 

Both governments desire to see 
this hermit of nations penetrated to 
its most remote recesses by rail- 
roads and telegraph, by factories 
and machinery. Neither would 
take the advantage of the power 
of such an alliance to seize this 
people's soil ; but they demand, 
and will have the hitherto door of 
exclusion opened wide to the fleets 
of all nations. Poor, bleeding, 
dying China can not be aided by 
w T ar and anarchy. What she needs 
is a flourishing commerce. 

The Czar of Russia's universal 
peace proposal or disarmament plan 
is but a pretense by which he ex- 
pects to gain time and funds with 
which to complete the Trans-Si- 
berian railway. This railroad being 
completed he will be all powerful 
in the East. England's fleet will 
then avail her nothing. The Czar 
will be in complete control and the 
trade of China must be carried on 
in accordance with his conditions. 
If opposed in any way, he can flood 
the country with his troops as once 

the Russian hordes overran the 
devoted plains of Poland, America 
and England then have just reasons 
for their fear as to the result of 
this Eastern question. They must 
hazard all to maintain their lead 
in commercial circles, and well for 
them if their political ideas of 
national intercourse are in unison. 
There remains but one barrier to 
the formation of a defensive alli- 
ance between these two great 
nations. The American protective 
theory and the English free-trade 
principles alone are antagonistic, 
and have been alike condemned by 
the ablest men of the two countries. 
It is altogether probable that in 
the near future they will compro- 
mise and adopt the principle of 
tariff for revenue only. But the 
Alliance, which must be the out- 
come of these concessions will 
always be a defensive one, They 
will draw their swords only to keep 
the peace and for the righteous 
defence of that heritage w T hich they 
have received through suffering 
and trial, through weal and woe, 
America and England, acting in 
unison, can dictate peace to the 
rest of the world. At their command 
the Czar of Russia must lift his 
glutinous hand from the fertile 
vales of China ; the Sultan of 
Turkey nourish the soil of his 
domain with a far less precious 
fluid than the blood of the innocent 
Armenians ; the Frenchman loose 
his death grip on the throat of the 
Jew ; the whole world throw off 



its vice and degredation and be 
lifted to a higher plane of civiliza- 
tion and enlightenment ; while over 
all shall float the glorious banners 
of America and England, baptized 
with the blood of patriots, shed in 
the attainment of the lofty stations. 

Christians In Turkey. 


Early in the seventh century 
Mohammed, the prophet of Islam, 
sprang out of Arabia, who, inspired 
with a new faith and strong de- 
termination, persuaded many 
Arabians. And he said "Paradise 
w^ll be found in the shadow of the 
crossing of swords." Soon after, 
his followers having formed an 
immense army, marched into Asia 
and Africa ; this formidable force 
conquered the nations and laid 
waste the country. And it seemed 
as if even the European power 
would have had to 3 r ield to these 
barbarians, had they not been 
driven back by Charles Martel and 

Afterwards the Turks overpower- 
ed the Saracen empire and founded 
the Ottoman empire. One by one 
the powers of the Eastern empire 
both in Asia and Europe fell into 
their hand. In 1453, A. D., they 
destroyed the walls of Constanti- 
nople arrd conquered the Byzantine 
empire. Thus the Ionian Greeks 
who emigrated to the western part 
of Asia Minor and brought w T ith 
them their civilization and educa- 

tion, now fell under the subjection 
of the Turkish Empire. Even at 
the present time the Greeks pre- 
dominate in that part of the country. 

Armenians who were subdued in 
1374, A. D., owing to the persecu- 
tion by the Turks left their native 
home and scattered all over Asia 
Minor. At the present time 
Greeks and Armenians compose 
the important portion of the popu- 
lation of Turkey. These christians 
representing different natioualties, 
mostly live in cities. Today in 
Constantinople, in Smyrna, as well 
as in other parts of the country 
you will find the Christians holding 
a very important position in busi- 
ness and commercial affairs. They , 
as agents, deal very much with 
Europe. Even they are more 
suitable for any position in the 
government than the Turks ; but 
they do not have the same oppor- 
tunities to get it. The Turks are 
very ignorant of mathematics, 
science and art. In their schools 
for years and years they teach 
nothing but the Koran written by 
Mohammed, to whose false teach- 
ings and conceptions they are 
bound so strongly that education 
and civilization can hardly bring 
them under their influence. And 
the majority of the people do not 
know how to read their own lan- 
guage. In view of these things 
we can never call the Turks a 
civilized nation. It is the christian 
civilization which makes Turkey a 
civilized country. Take out the 



Christians from Turkey ; cut off 
its relations with Europe ; leave 
the Turk alone with his barbarous 
people, and he will become the 
most barbarous of nations. 

Turkey without Christians and 
christian civilisation is dead. And 
it has nothing of its own but its 
superstitions and bloody people 
who have been noted only for the 
destruction of w r hat others had 
built before them. 

Though the education is not so 
far advanced among the Christians; 
yet the source and principles of it 
are there. They have common 
schools in every city and town. 
There are still some Monastaries in 
wmich young men are taught and 
prepared to teach in schools and 
to hold offices in church. To-day 
a great improvement could be made 
in educational lines, if the Turkish 
government would not interfere. 
Indeed it is responsible for the 
ignorance of the poor Christians, 
who are always ready to accept 
enlightenment. Armenians and 
Greeks are the first nations who 
accepted Christianity. In the be- 
ginning they were united as one 
church, but for various reasons, in 
491, A. D., they were seperated. 
And now they stand apart, al- 
though there is not much difference 
in their constitution and mode of 
worshipping. Each church i s 
under the control of Archbishops, 
Bishops and Priests, They have 
supreme power in the church, and 
the people respect them very much. 

They regard themselves the repre- 
sentatives of Jesus Christ, but they 
can hardly realize it, and in many 
respects they are not true to their 
calling. The people under their 
misconduct still remain supersti- 
tious and ignorant of the Bible. 
They in general know very little 
of what the true Christian religion 
is ; but they possess a strong faith 
by which they have been able to 
stand firm for the protection of their 
church after many persecutions and 
sufferings. It is not an easy mat- 
ter for the Christians to uphold 
their faith among the Turks, who, 
since they have gotten possession 
of Asia Minor and a part of Eu- 
rope, have been oppressing the 
innocent and unprotected Chris- 
tians, and are trying to destroy 

Today the ruins of the old 
churches all over the land, which 
are engraved in the rocks of the 
mountains and have many dark 
rooms and secret roads leading to 
these rooms, still show w T hat a 
miserable life Christians endured 
in order to worship God and their 
Savior Jesus Christ. 


Citizen— "Colonel, I want to ask 
you about that Patrick Henry you 
were alludiu' to in your speech ; 
the one that said 'Give me liberty 
or give me death.' M 

Candidate — 4 'What about him ?" 

Citizen — "Did he get his di- 
vorce ? M — Puck. 



Finding Our Place, 

w. o. roop, T oi. 
[Continued from last month.) 

Training of intellect gives 
strength to do the work, but moral 
and spiritual training directs that 
strength aright. 

In deciding upon an occupation 
we should be governed not merely 
by our wishes. A decision made 
from desire alone stands on a sel- 
fish basis. A man may have a 
strong desire to become a lawyer or 
a doctor and yet lack the essential 

If one should conclude to enter 
the profession of law under such 
circumstances, his chances of suc- 
cess are meagre. In the decision 
we should be governed by duty and 
principle rather than by desire. It 
is our duty to society and to God 
to fill the place for which He has 
fitted us, because in that place we 
can best serve both; it is there we 
can do the most good and the bet- 
ter we serve God and humanity the 
better we serve ourselves. 

The path of duty and not of 
pleasure is the path of safety and 
the true road to nobility and use- 

By looking about us we can see 
the results of not finding one's 
right place. There are misfits in 
every profession. There are men 
behind the plough who ought to be 
in the pulpit; there are men in the 
pulpit who should be wielding the 

There are men in that noblest of 
callings, the profession of teaching, 
who could accomplish more good 
with the trowel. This is manifest 
by the sad failures in these various 

This story, full of meaning and 
good common sense, is told of a 
young minister who made a failure. 

One day while seated in his 
study and buried in thought, his 
old grandmother anticipating the 
subject of his meditation said to 
him, "John, what induced you to 
enter the ministry ?" "Well," 
said John, "I felt called to the 
ministry." "But, John," remark- 
ed the aged one, "do you not think 
it was some other noise you 
heard?" and the unhappy man 
was silent. 

There is a growing tendency to 
leave the manual pursuits to enter 
the professions, regardless of nat- 
ural qualifications. Men seem to 
forget there is just as much honor 
and dignity to the greasy hand as 
to the one which enveloped with 
kid gracefully flourishes a cigar in 
our legislative halls. 

Seemingly there are those who 
would rather starve in the profes- 
sions than to prosper by honest toil. 

We are all dependent beings, de- 
pendent upon God, dependent up- 
on one another. "No man liveth 
to himself neither dieth to him- 
self," so we may aptly compare 
society to great number of small 
cogwheels joined and revolving to- 
gether; each man represents a fac- 



tor in this vast number, and the 
greater number of wheels out of 
place, the greater will be the fric- 
tion in society as these wheels re- 
volve. Surely remorse stares in 
the face the man who is apprized 
of the fact that he has missed his 
calling in life, he naturally thinks 
of lost opportunities, of the good 
he might have accomplished had 
he found his place, but it is too 
late; the best years of his life are 

Remorse produces unhappiness 
and if we are unhappy it is exceed- 
ingly difficult to make others hap- 
py, because we manifest our feel- 
ings and dispositions in our actions 
and bearings toward those with 
whom we come into contact, 

Some persons can appear happy 
under all circumstances, but they 
are the few. As we make some 
unhappy they in turn make others 
unhappy, and thus the influence 
may pervade the whole wheel of 
society, Unhappiness is one of the 
most contagious maladies that af- 
flicts humanity. 

There is a vast difference be- 
tween real, true living and mere 
existence, and there is no place in 
which we can live so well as in the 
place for which God has designed 
us, for in that place alone can we 
accomplish the best, the highest, 
the noblest in life. 

Indispensible to a deck of cards 
— Hartz (s). 


Rev. Russel H, Con well deliver- 
ed his popular lecture, "The Jolly 
Earthquake," on April 5, before 
a large and appreciative audience. 
This was the last lecture of the 
course and the society desires to 
thank its many friends for their 
liberal patronage. 

A very pleasant wedding cere- 
mony was performed at the home 
of Rev, H. I,. Eichinger, in Ann- 
ville, on Thursday evening, April 
20, at 6 o* clock. The groom, Mr, 
George A. Meyers, is a brother to 
Mrs. Eichinger, and the bride was 
Miss Amanda J. Rudisill, Rev. 
Eichinger was the officiating clergy- 

Miss Nellie Buffington spent Eas- 
ter at her home in Blizabethville, 
Dauphin county. 

Mr. Seth Light, 'oo, entertained 
a number of his friends at his home 
at Avon, Wednesday evening, 
March 29. 

Bishop Kephart started for At- 
lanta, Ga, , last week, where he 
intends spending several weeks. 
He will return by way of Dayton, 

Rev. C. Whitney, Field Secre- 
tary of the U. B. Mission Board, 
conducted Chapel services one 
morning in the early part of last 

Prof. Spangler preached in Trin- 
ity U. B. Church, Lebanon, Sun- 
day, April 23. 



Prof. B, F, Daugherty preached 
two sermons at the College Day 
exercises at New Cumberland, Sun- 
day, April 23. 

Mr. W. N. Decker, principal of 
the Macungie High School, paid a 
visit to his many friends at L. V. 
C. on Saturday and Sunday, April 
22 and 23. 

President and Mrs. Roop were in 
attendance at the Woman's Mis- 
sionary Convention at Penbrook T 
Wednesday and Thursday, April 
19 and 20. 

T. F. Miller and I. W. Huntz- 
berger spent Sunday at Mr. Huntz- 
berger's home in Elizabethtown, 
Lancaster county. 

Miss Vallerschamp, of Millers- 
burg, Dauphin county, spent sev- 
eral days with her sisters, Jennie 
and Clara, at College. 

Mr. A. T. Sumner was the guest 
of W. G. Clippinger, Sunday, April 
23, at Orrstown, Pa. 

Misses Mary and Lillie Kreider 
and Mr. Sumner attended the con- 
vention of the East Pennsylvania 
Branch of the Woman's Missionary 

Sadness among the students was 
occasioned last Thursday morning 
when Pres. Roop announced the 
death of Frank J. Miller, of Berne, 
Pa. Mr. Miller came to us shortly 
after the opening of the present 
spring term, and though here but 
a short time we became greatly at- 

tached to him. He graduated at 
the Hamburg High School and 
taught during this year near his 
native town. For the last several 
years his health became impaired 
by excessive work and his early 
death was largely due to this. He 
was a young man of exemplary 
character, a staunch Christian, and 
an untiring worker in the church. 
In the words of the poet : 
"Earth, let down thy softest mantle rest 
On this worn child to thee returning, 
Whose youth was nurtured at thy breast. 
Who loved thee with such tender yearning." 

Alumni Notes. 

Isaiah W. Sneath, 'Si, has re- 
signed his charge of Wood Memor- 
ial Church, Cambridgeport, Mass., 
which he held for twelve years, and 
has accepted a call to the First Con- 
gregational Church, at Franklin. 

Clinton J. Barr, '82, has been 
reappointed Highway Commission- 
er of Lebanon, Pa., an evidence of 
a faithful performance of his duties 
during the past year. 

Geo. A. L. Kindt, '94, visited 
the College on April 4. 

John A. Graybill, '71, of St. 
Mary's, Pa., and Win. H. Kreider, 
'94, of Philadelphia, have recently 
visited their parents in our town. 

Rev, Allen U. Baer, '90, of Rock 
River Conference, 111., and Miss 
Bertha Mayer, '96, were recently 
married. The Forum extends 



John D, Rice, '92, J. Henderson 
Kurtz, '84, and Craumer and Milli- 
ken, law partners of Pittsburg, Pa., 
remembered their alma mater by 
contributing to the telescope fund. 
Thanks to these generous gentle- 

Prof. O. P. DeWitt, '98, princi- 
pal of the schools of Roy ers ford, 
Pa., gave the address before the 
Montgomery county P. O. S. of A. 
District Convention in that town 
on April 8. A large audience was 
present and his address was com- 
mented upon by the papers. He 
is very successful in his work. 

Miss Minnie E. Weinman, '93, 
and William G. Lytle, both of 
Wilkmsburg, were married on the 
evening of April 25. The cere- 
mony was performed at the home 
of the bride. 

Rev. Ira E. Albert and wife, '97, 
of Elizabethville, Pa., visited 
friends recently in Annville. 

E. O. Burtner, 'go, of Philadel- 
phia, and Helen Rauch, daughter 
of Mr. and Mrs, J. B. Rauch, of 
Lebanon, Pa,, were married on 
April 27. 

Mrs. C. B. Pennypacker, '93, 
visited her brother, J. D. Stehman, 
at the College on the 2Sth. 

She — M I wonder what makes the 
Mediterranean look so blue." 

He — 1 'You'd look blue if you 
had to wash the shores of Italy/ ' 
— Selected. 

Commencement Week. 

The exercises of Commencement 
Week will occur in the following 
order : 

Friday, June 9th, 8 p. m. — Pres- 
ident and Mrs. Roop's Reception 
to the Senior Class. 

Saturday, June ioth, 7.30 p. m. 
— Junior Oratorical Contest. 

Sunday, June 11. — Baccalaureate 
Discourse, 10 a. in,. President 
Hervin U. Roop, Ph.D. ; Address 
before the Christian Associations, 
7.30 p. rn,, Dr. Nathan C. Schaef- 
fer, State Superintendent of Public 

Monday, June 12 — Conservatory 
Concert 7,30 p. m. 

Tuesday, June 13th, — Annual 
Meeting of Board of Trustees, 9 a. 
m.; Public Alumni Meeting, 7.30 
p. m. ; Alumni Banquet, 9.00 p. m. 

Wednesday, June 14th, — Class 
Day Exercises, 2 p. m.- Gradu- 
ating Exercises of the Department 
of Music, 7.30 p. m. 

Thursday, June 15th, — Gradu- 
ating Exercises of Class of '99, 10 
a, in., Commencement Address, 
Dr. Way land Hoy t, Philadelphia ; 
Conferring of Degrees and An- 
nouncements ; Reception by the 
Senior Class, 7.30 p. m. 

A most cordial invitation is ex- 
tended to all friends of the College 
and of education in general to at- 
tend these exercises. Railroad 
orders on the Cumberland Valley 
and Philadelphia and Reading 
Companies may be had by apply- 
ing to President Roop. 


The College Forum, 

THE COLLEGE FORUM is published 
monthly throughout the college year by the 
Philokosmian Literary Society of Lebanon 
Valley College, 


I* E. Bunk, '90, Editor-in-Chief. 
Galen D, Light, a W. Waughtel, "tft 
H. E. Spessard, '00. H. H. Baish, '02. 


9. F. Daugherty/01, Business Manager. 

H. L. Eichinger, Assistant Business M imager 

Terms: Fifty cents a year, five cents a copy, 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be forward, 
ed to all subscribers until an order is receive 
ed for its discontinuance, and until all arrears 
ages have been paid. 

Address all business communications to S. F. 
Daugherty. Bos 1S4> Annville, Pa. 

Entered sit the Post Office at Annvllle, Pa., as 
second-class mail matter. 


We call attention to the program 
of exercises for Commencement 
Week, and especial ly the Conserva- 
tory of Music program. All per- 
sons having a taste for music and 
who have heard the excellent con- 
certs and recitals during the year 
Were greatly pleased, and we feel 
safe to say that the concert to be 
given during Commencement Week 
will surpass anything else given 
during the year. Great prepara- 
tions also are being made by the 
Juniors in view of the Junior ora- 
torical contest. 

* $ * 

Evidently China does not and 
cannot expect great results from 

the peace conference to be held at 
The Hague this month. The very 
powers that proposed and seconded 
the idea of disarmament are today 
intruders upon China's soil, appeal- 
ing to arms as the best argument to 
convince the Chinese that they are 
right. It is true that civilization 
should make marked progress in 
China but there are better methods 
than the one now used, w T hich 
claims to have the best interests of 
China in view. The idea of uni- 
versal peace could be understood 
better by the Chinese, if the great 
leading powers of Europe would 
give up their land grabbing policy. 

* $ * 

The habit of systematic study is 
one of the most useful of the many 
good habits that should be formed 
by college students. 

Systematic study adds to a stu- 
dent's ability to do work. Some 
students are always busy but ac- 
complish very little because of their 
haphazard way of working. The 
man who is systematic in his work 
performs a great deal of work and 
yet has ample time for recreation. 
The knowledge of a work attempt- 
ed and accomplished, during a 
limited time of a certain period of 
the day, has a gratifying influence 
upon the mind. The work becomes 
easier and more pleasant as this 
habit of systematic study grows. 
Thus this habit becomes an impor- 
tant factor of success. 



Says Hazlitt : " There is nothing 
more to be esteemed than a manly 
firmness and decision of character, 
I like a person who knows his own 
mind and sticks to it ; who sees at 
once what, in given circumstances, 
is to be done, and does it." 

Says Gilpin : * 'I hate to see 
things done by halves. If it be 
right, do it boldly ; if it be wrong, 
leave it undone." 

Says Thomas Carlyle in his own 
forcible way: "The block of granite 
which was an obstacle in the path- 
way of the weak, becomes a step- 
ping stone in the pathway of the 
strong, 1 ' 

These sayings are quoted here to 
show what thoughtful men have 
had to say on the great matter of 
decision. No man is weaker than 
the one who is unstable in all his 
ways, a reed shaken by the wind. 
He has no mind he can call his 
own, no fixed opinion, no firm 
resolution, no strong determination. 
Today he holds one opinion, tomor- 
row, another. He is driven about 
from one purpose to another, as is 
the chaff in a tempest. 

We must distinguish between de- 
cision and stubbornness. One who 
resists all appeals to reason, and 
then boasts that he is firm, never 
gives up his opinions, such a one is 
stubborn and is to be despised. 
He has too little mind to change 
his opinion. It is characteristic of 
greatness to yield when there is a 
clear overpowering reason for yield- 

No words of Mr. Lincoln have 
been more quoted than these, 
"With malice toward none, with 
charity for all, with firmness in the 
right as God gives us to see the 
right.' ' 

The secret of many a man's fail- 
ure in life is indecision. You all 
have seen those who were brilliant 
in mind, capable of achieving 
much, yet like the top that whirls 
round and round, accomplishing 
nothing. * 'The rolling stone gath- 
ers no moss, M applies to the one 
who is continually wanting some- 
thing new. To such, every effort 
is a failure and life becomes an ab- 

Firmness is like everything else ; 
those who wish to develop this 
phase of character must pay atten- 
tion to the small matters of life. 

Let us study these noble lines of 
one of the English poets : 
Thy purpose firm is equal to the deed, 
Who does the best his circumstance al- 

Does well ; acts nobly, angels could no 

Among the Societies, 

Viriute et Fide. 


An interesting session was held 
with our Kalo brothers on April 
14. We are sorry that this was 
the last session with the Kalos for 
this year. 



The names of Misses Lena 
Owens, Bertha Blanche Barton, 
and Mary Minerva Zacharias, were 
enrolled as active members of our 

On Friday evening, April 2ist f 
Messrs. Irvin E. Runk and Harry 
M. Imboden visited our society. 

A committee is making arrange- 
ments for holding a joint session 
with the Philokosmian Literary 
Society. Considerable interest is 
manifested, in view of this session. 

Palma non sine Pulvere. 

Owing to the anniversary and 
the joint session with the Clios, 
there have been but two regular 
meetings held this month. 

Our twenty-second anniversary 
was commemorated Friday evening, 
April 7. Although the weather 
was very inclement, the chapel was 
comfortably filled with Kalo friends 
to witness the event. The follow- 
ing is the program : 

Music — Whistling Rufus, Kerry Mills 

Music — Love and Beauty Waltzes, 


Address — By President, A. G. Smith, '01. 
Music — Murtnimmx Overtim 1 , Vcrnet. 
Oration — The Aug; lo- American Alliance, 

E. M. Balsbaugh, '01. 
Music — On Guard, Armstrong, 
Oration — Degradation of Modern Politics, 
G. M. Miller, J 99. 

Music— Hot Corn, Ono. 
Oration — Parasitism, R. D. Burtner, '00. 
Music — Fortuna Waltz, Armstrong, 
Recitation — Maclaine's Child, 
H. E + Miller, >99. 
Music — But One Vienne, Sckrammel^ 
Music by Lebanon Banjo Club. 

The event passed off successfully. 

The joint session occurred April 
14, and was a success in every 
respect. Kalos always hail with 
delight these events. 

On the second Friday evening in 
May, (12), a mock trial will be 
held instead of the usual literary 
program, Interest has been in- 
creasing since preparation for this 
event was begun, and every mem- 
ber is eagerly anticipating this 

During the month, the society 
has been growing in every direction. 

Mr. Chas. Fisher, of Lebanon : 
Mr. Edgar Martin, Harrisburg \ 
Mr. Russell Showers, Ontario, 
Canada, and Mr. Martin Nissley, 
of Deny Church, have joined the 
Kalos during the month of April. 

The regular programs have been 
interesting, but there is room for 


Esse Quam Videri. 


Society work is progressing fine- 
ly. The meetings are full of 
interest, and the members seem 
determined to make everything they 
undertake a success. 



The officers for the present term 
are as follows : President, Huntz- 
berger, '99 ; V. President, Waugh- 
tel, '01 ; Rec, Sec, Meyers, T oo ; 
Chaplain, Yoe, 'oi ; Organist, C. 
V, Clippinger, '99 j Janitor, Ar- 

An entirety new feature in society 
work w T as begun by our society, 
when, on Friday evening, April 
14, a meeting was held in the form 
of a legislative session. Each mem- 
ber represented some county. 
Representative Light, of Lehigh, 
was elected Speaker ; Yoe, of Un- 
ion, Reading Clerk ; Baish, of 
Adams, Journal Clerk, and Imbo- 
den, of Lebanon, Sergeant-at-Arnis. 
After the appointmeiit of the nec- 
essary committees, Representative 
C. E. Snoke, of Cumberland, intro- 
duced the following bill : 

"Be it enacted by the Senate and 
Assembly of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania, in Legislature assembled, 
that hereafter it shall be unlawful 
to sell within the bounds of the 
State of Pennsylvania, any intoxi- 
cating or alcoholic liquors which 
shall be used by anyone for any 
other than medicinal purposes, and 
then only according to the prescrip- 
tion of a licensed physician. 

Section II. That all laws or 
parts of laws which conflict with 
the provisions of this act are here- 
by repealed. 

Section II L That any violation 
of this Act shall be deemed a mis- 
demeanor and upon conviction 
shall for each separate offense be 

punished by a fine not exceeding 
five hundred dollars or by impris- 
onment for one year, or both, at 
the discretion of the court." 

Representative Snoke presented 
some fine arguments in favor of his 
bill. After being discussed on 
both sides the bill passed by a vote 
of 21 to 16. 

A ballot for United States Sena- 
tor resulted as follows : Quay, 13; 
Jenks, 6; Dalzell, 3; Stewart, 18; 
no election. 

Among the persons visiting the 
society during the month were the 
following : Prof. Oldham, Mrs. 
Roop, Miss Wolfe, Prof, and Mrs. 
Lehman, Misses Shelley, Shenk 
and Zacharias, and Messrs. Engle, 
Moyer and McCaskey. 


Y, SI- C, A, 

The Association recently elected 
the following officers for the ensu- 
ing year : President, H. E. Spes- 
sard ; vice president, G. D. Light ; 
secretary, M. W. Smeltzer, and 
treasurer, A. E, Shroyer, 

President H. E. Spessard at- 
tended the annual conference of 
the Y. M, C. A. Presidents, at 
State College, on April 27th~30th. 

April 15th, the Association in 
conjunction with the Y. W. C. A., 
gave a reception in the ladies' 
parlor, for the benefit of the many 
new students w T ho entered the 
institution at the beginning of the 
Spring term. 



The social committees were the 
means of providing excellent enter* 
tainnient for the evening Cakes 
and ice cream were served. The 
evening was spent in a sociable and 
profitable manner by all present. 

We earnestly beg for the prayers 
and co-operation of all christian 
young men, for the spiritual ad- 
vancement of the association. 

Conservatory of Music, 

Prof. Oldham is making exten- 
sive preparations for the Commence- 
ment Week exercises of the Music 

For Baccalaureate Sunday there 
will be a chorus of 40. Smart's 
Te Deum in F, and West's anthem 
"The Lord is Exalted, ' 1 will be 
sung by the chorus. 

The Conserv atory concert will be 
given on Monday evening at 7. 30, 
There will be several choruses. 
The graduates in music will each 
play a solo. There will be two 
piano quartettes, two duets for two 
pianos, and vocal solos and duets. 
This concert will be taken part in 
by the students of the Conserva- 

The music commencement will 
be Wednesday evening, 7.30. The 
graduates in this year's class are 
Miss Mabel Manbeck and Miss 
Mabel Royer, both of Lebanon s Pa, 
The program will be : 

Piano — Concerts tncke, Weber 
Mabel Rover. 
{Orchestral Parts on 2d Piano, Prof. Oldham.) 

Vocal Duet— "Qnis est Homo/' Rossini 

Mrs. Eoopj Hafctie Shelley, 
Piano Solo — (a) Nocturne, Chopin 

(b) At Eveningj Seiss 

(c) La Fileuse, Raff 

(d) Faust Waltz, Liszt 
Mabel Manbcct. 

Vocal Solo— Happy Days, Strelegki 
Anna Kreider. 
(Violin Obligato, Fred Light.) 
Piano Solo — (a) Sonata, Op. 13, Beethoven 
{b) Spring Song, Hensell 
{c) Novelette, Schumann 
(d) Love Song, Liszt 
Mabel Royer. 
Vocal Qxiintette — Legends, Mohring 
Edith Grabill, Lillie Kreider, TCeba 
Lehman, Anna Myers, 
Hattie Shelley. 
Piano Solo — Concerto, Op. 25, Mendelssohn 
Mabel Manbeck. 
(Orchestral Parts on 2d Piano, Prof. Oldham. ) 

Conferring of Diplomas, Pres. H. U. Koop 

An honest old blacksmith in 
Texas despairing of ever getting 
cash out of a delinquent debtor, 
agreed to take his note for the 
amount due. The debtor wished 
to go to a lawyer and have the 
note drawn up, but the knight of 
the anvil, who had been a sheriff 
in days gone by, felt fully compe- 
tent to draw it up himself. This 
he proceeded to do with the follow- 
ing result : "On the 1st day of 
June I promise to pay Jeems Nite 
the sum of eleving dollars, and if 
said note be not paid on date afore- 
said, then this instrument is to be 
null and void and of no effect. 
Witness my hand, etc." 




We are in the midst of the base 
ball season and with it have come 
successes and failures. The team 
is daily becoming stronger and we 
predict an honorable record for it 
at the close of the season. 

Suits, of blue and white, have 
been purchased for the team, in 
which they present a fine appear- 

Games have been played with 
Franklin and Marshall and Mer- 
cersburg Colleges, and Franklin 
and Marshall Academy. The lat- 
ter was interesting but rather one 
sfded, our team winning in a score 
of 20 to 4. 

A challenge for a base ball game 
was sent by the Seniors to the 
Juniors, The game was played on 
the 26. Class spirit which had 
been dormant for some time, now 
manifested itself again, though not 
to extremes. In a game of seven 
innings, in which were some M : grand 
stand plays'*, the Juniors won by 
a score of 23 to 8. 

A challenge has been sent by 
the Freshmen to the Sophomores. 

Foregone Conclusions, 
Hope — Spes. 

Deserter — Valor Sham (Valler- 

SufTocator — Gass. 
A Beagle hound — Hunt 2 (s). 
A lion charmer — Daniel. 
Students lament — Old ham. 
Defect of nature — Runt (k). 
Latest slang — O. G. 
Sister of Dido — Anna. 
Mary's good-night — Steh-man! 
Hero of a story — Davy. 

A garden ornament — Spayd 

Usesul on communion day — 
Wyne (wine). 

The shepherd's enemy — Wolf(e) 
Nickname for Bryant — Gray- 

A herd of cattle — Deny (dairy). 

Resort for a tax collector — Sue. 

A dam builder — Miller. 

Not used in courting — Light. 

Essential for a corn crib — Shell- 
er (y). 

The light of Africa — Sumner. 

Major in the Revolution — Ar- 

Christian Endeavor Society — C. 
E. S. 

The most innocent looking flow- 
er — Lilly (ie). 

Contents of a swill barrel — But- 
ter-milk (wick). 

Something found in every town 

The sequence of thunder and 
lightning — Show ei$. 



A Day In May, 

H. E. SPESSAED, '00* 
Let grandfather speak of hi sdiihlh nod-games 

And his frolics in days of jure, 
Professors tell of ttie bliss they found 

In mastering ancient lore ; 
Let scientists speak of the lightnings of flash 

As it servers the dark floating cloud, 
"When the leaves of the trees seem to trem- 
ble with fear 

At the voice of the thunder so loud ; 
Lt n h fi college boy wave his ribbons and cane 

His cap and his handkerchief too, 
When his own class is beaten and wiped 
off the earth 

By a score of twenty to two ; 
Eut ^ve me a stroll in a lonely wood 

On an afternoou in May, 
When the air is filled with the songs of birds 

And the squirrels are at their play ; 
An hour or two with a maiden fair 

With an innocent eye of blue, 
With a smile that entreats the anxious youth 

And a heart that is always true. 
Not one whose life deception has marred 

No matter how rosy she be ; 
If the frost of deceit has bitten her heart 

She is never the flower for me, 


The exchanges received by the 
editor during the last month con- 
tain many and exceedingly inter- 
esting articles. 

I wish to call attention to an 
article found in "The Eatonian" 
entitled Walt Whitman. The au- 
thor gives a brief account of the 
poet's life and clever estimate of 
his works. He says that "Whit- 
man is essentially the most Ameri- 
can poet. He discloses beauties 
and glories in his native soil un- 

perceived by those who sang before, 
and more than any other poet fixed 
the attention of foreigners upon 
America by his ardent songs of 

"There is no affectation what- 
ever in Whitman's poems. He 
does not seek to impress by high 
sounding words and elaborately 
decorated sentences. It is his own 
soul he is revealing and endeavor- 
ing to portray in the truest and 
plainest manner possible." 

The ' 'Dickinsonian' 1 contains 
some excellent poetry and we com- 
mend the poets for their art of 
breathing into their verses so much 
of nature's beauty. The poem en- 
titled, "The Rose's Secret/ 5 is 
especially pleasing in thought and 
awakens an inspiration in the souk 

The "Lesbian Herald" and 
ll Eatonian" both have excellent 
exchange columns. 

We welcome this month, in ad- 
dition to the above mentioned, the 
following exchanges: "Ursinus 
Bulletin, M "Anchor," "S, H. S. 
Review," "Windmill," "College 
Folio/' ll Otterbein Aegis/ 3 "The 
Muhlenberg/' "Western Maryland 
College Monthly/' "The Erscki- 
man/' "Mt. Joseph Collegian /' 
"The Comenian/' "College Era/' 
"Red and Blue," "Criterion/' 
"The Phoenix," "High School 
Times. 1 1 

Naughty little cuss words, 
"Hang it?" "Darn it?" "Blow?" 
Tlicsu and other wuss words 
Send us down below. — Ex. 




o. G. MYERS, ? 00, 

Only those who have seen Nia- 
gara, know what it really is. 

Words with all thfir majesty , 
rich in abundant metaphor and 
striking simile cannot paint the pic- 
ture that charms the eye and fills 
the soul with wonder* Imagination 
cannot boast amid its gay creation 
or with its matchless skill to pro- 
duce even a faint conception of its 
power and beauty. Artists have 
not succeeded in reproducing the 
beauties of that continued glittering 
mass which fades from view in the 
depths below. Well can it be cai led 
the wonder of the world. 

Over the twin iron bands rolls 
the iron steed, bellowing forth the 
smoke from its nostrils, as the race 
horse on ncaring his goal, proudly 
drawing its load through a country 
of cloudless beauty. 

On gazing out to the right upon 
a broad and flower-strewn land- 
scape, dazzling in the brightness of 
its own beauty with its verdure 
dotted with groves and a thousand 
springs, and to the left upon the 
placid waters of the Niagara with 
its silvery mantle bordered in vel- 
vet of moss — one would little think 
that falls of such a height could be 
found in a country so level and 
beautiful as this. 

We continue to hasten our course 
along the river as it ploughs its 
way by the great forests and 
through the alternate shades to 

that fathomless gulf which snail 
soon receive its waters. 

Suddenly, the words Niagara 
Falls are. caused to resound through 
the car by a harsh voice, with as- 
suring confidence, though it is 
difficult to realize that you are 
nearing the imperceptible preci- 

Presently a faint sound is heard 
in the distance, you notice an un- 
evenness on the crystal surface of 
the water, as of waving fields of 
grain shaking their golden heads 
in defiance to the breeze. The 
sound now grows louder. The 
waters become disturbed more and 
more and as you near the scene your 
curiosity is aroused ; various con- 
ceptions arise within your mind ; 
you become impatient and deter- 
mine to untwist the fettery chains 
that tie the hidden soul weighted 
with untrue pictures and rush to 
the realistic. 

But ? suddenly, in peering through 
the towering trees, a scene comes 
to you, unlike the morning fog that 
shields the lord of day from view 
as he comes forth from his hiding 
place o^er the bristling backs of 
the blue ridge ; unlike the cloud 
that floats in the pure serene of the 
heavens ; unlike the sunset 
when the purple beams rad- 
iate so boldly through the evening 
mists, but as though the crystalline 
splendor of winter's beauty were 
perched on an aeriel throne, with 
its hoary head, its dewy brow, and 



its rolling fleecy sides towering 
high above the falls as a warning 
of impending danger* 

The placid waters have now be- 
come raging whirlpools with their 
silvery locks tossed high as if mad- 
dened by the immediate fate of 
being hurled to the lowermost part 
of the gaping ravine. 

The sound has now grown to one 
continuous roar as if all the winds 
of the earth are thundering forth 
from their caverns in answer to the 
god, iEolus, or as the innumerable 
wolves of the forest, bounding forth 
in search of their stolen young. 

We have now come to the falls. 
We are standing on Prospect Point 
viewing that aqueous avalanche 
poured iu foaming beauty from the 
topmost mount as it were, into the 
depths of the clouds tuat veil its 
breast. We see that great semi- 
circular mass of water, clothed in 
its frosted spray, clear as the bright 
noon day, hurled from some power- 
ful hand far out on the rocky bed 
below. As we stand there, held in 
solemn silence, gazing upon that 
inexpressible and soul-stirring 
scene, thinking of the boundless 
power and beauty M'hich nature can 
afford, another feature Suddenly 
attracts our attention, more beauti- 
ful than ever painted by artists, 
more beautiful than ever was seen 
in the heavens by human beings, 
down in the very depths of the wide 
stretchiug ravine, down beneath 
the mists caused by the failing 
waters, frightened to the farther 

most point of the sun's searching 
beams, is a rain-bow reaching from 
shore to shore, bounding the limits 
within which the waters must fall. 

Farther down below the falls we 
see the famous Whirlpool Rapids, 
bounding arid rebounding as if de- 
termined to free themselves by 
leaping over their great prison 
walls, circling their backs and 
belching forth foam from their great 
jaws, harmoniously blending the 
prismatic colors in those dizzy 
depths. On rolls that raging sea 
carrying with it its waters \vntil it 
is finally lost from view in the dis- 

Being forcibly impressed with 
the power and sublimity of Ni- 
agara, we are, in reality, led to 
think of the power and sublimity 
of the Niagara of life. We see the 
very fountain of this mighty stream, 
gradually widening its banks and 
swelling its volume by its many 
tributaries. We see it as it com- 
mences its existence. We see it as 
commences to note its passing 
hours. We think of the heights 
of happiness to which it may as- 
cend, and the depths of misery to 
which it may be brought. But as 
yet its waters are undisturbed and 
unaffected by impressions. Its 
soul is without character. It is a 
null mental existence, pure as the 
driven snow, beautiful as the 
cherub angel, spotless, guileless, 
innocent. Upon this immortal 
soul, destined to survive the wreck 
of matter and the crush of worlds, 



0ow the brooklets of evil and rivu- 
lets of good . Every sentiment that 
falls upon its surface is reflected 
and plays in miniature thereon. 
It is here that the germs of virtue, 
vice and feeling are first imbedded 
which determine the character of 
life. It is here that the firs! joy, 
the first failure, the first achieve- 
ment, the first misadventure, leave 
their lasting impressions. 

( To be continued, ) 

Rensseiaer %^ 
X&V Institute, 
V Troy, N.Y. 

Lcc&l Biftmin^-i voqH provided for. Bond f or a OataJoffut 

W. C. WOOLF.... 
62 east notions, Groceries, 


Soelfey's furniture Store.... 



72 West Main Street, ANNVILLE PA. 


647 Cumber laud Street, 
Lebanon, Pa* 

Good teeth are one of nature's most 
pleasing charms. 

If yon have a tooth missing we can 
replace it by our scientific crown and 
bridging system, most lasting and beau- 

W« make a specialty of crown and bridge 
work, gold and silver fillings. 



142 N. Eighth Street, 

a spEaALTY-iIH<krtaKing.*««« Special Inducements to Students, 



East Main Street. Livery Attached, 

JOS, A. SMITH, Mgr., 

Hardware! Plain, Stamped 4 Japanned Ware, 


All kinds of Shoe Repairing. 
New work made to order. 



Nest door to Hotel Eagle, 


If so, you will soon be looking around 
for furniture. Perhaps you are already 
married, and would like some new furni- 
ture to brighten up your home ? A par- 
lor suite, bed room set, book case, odd 
chairs, dresser, etc. Perhaps an office 
desk, You can buy the world famous 
high grade Grand Rapids furniture direct 
from the factory and thereb}' save the 
retailers' profit. A dollar saved is two 
dollars earned. Send for catalogue. 
Grand Rapids Furniture Company, 

Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Eastman Business College 

Has in its half a century of work |j 

developed the capacity of thousands £ 


into well-trained men, capable to till £ 
every department of ft business career. 
Known everywhere for the thorough- 
ness of the preparation given in the 
least time at the smallest expense. 

The System of Teaching 

Is bused on actual dally experience 
In every branch of business* Includ- 
ing Merchandising, Hook keeping, 
Banking, Commercial Law, Penman- 
ship, Correspondence. Arithmetic, 
Telegraphy, Stenography, Type-writ- 
ing, etc., etc* 

Young Men Trained 

To he all-around business men :— or 
they may take up a special branch of 
business and be THOROUGH in that. 

No better II Justrati on of the value of 
u buHin^ss tuluiiution can be offerer! 
than the success of those who have 
graduated from Eastman College. 

Bv the old way, training for business 
was' acquired through years of ap- 
prenticeship, but the successful man 
of today is the one who enters the 
field prepared for the work he iff to do 
bv the new and shorter methods of 
Eastman College, the model business 

A Thorough Business Man 

Is the description of the man who 
becomes successful , Is known and has 
the confidence of the community. 

BUSINESS HOUSES supplied with com- 
petent assistants. Situations secured 
without charge, for all graduates of 
the Business and Short-hand Courses, 
an invaluable feature to many young 
people. Open all the year, Time 
short. Terms reasonable* Address 
as above. 

J t L. Lemb«rger. Frank GUim. 


9th and Cumb St*** LEBANON, PA 
Our claim in nil we do : 
QUALITY— Of first iuiportauce-ACCUKACT. 


1 8 and 20 W. Half! St, , ANN VILLE. 

00 YEARS' 




Anyone sending el sketch and description may 
quickly aBiwrmin, lree* w nether an. invention fi 
probnUly patentable. C<jkuniu»:i cat Ions Atrictly 
ooutMentifil, OKi^et Pfroncy for m: oaring patents 
In America. Wo huve a Wapliiiifltou, office* 

Pate eta tnken tb rough iluun & Co. rcceirt 
ipuclnl uotieo lu the 


beautiful !y illustrated, larere^t circulation of 
any sdion title JnumaU veeWy T tfir™3$3,00 a year; 
11.50 sli inou th a. Specimen cup tea and Hajnd 
Book ON FATfiKTs B«nt f roe. AddreHM 

MUNN & CO., 
301 Broadway, Kew York* 

CNOWFLAKE printing house, 

w A C. XL HIESTE8, Prop. 


North White Oak Street, ANN VILLE, PA 


Hard 8r Soft Coal| Grain, Sccda, Salt fir Feed, 

Office: Railroad St., near Depot. 
Telephone Connection. 

Ann vj 13c, Pan 



763 Cumberland Street, LEBANON, PA. 


Shaving and Hair Cutting, 
Eagle Hotel Barber Shop, ANNVILLE, PA, 

Finest ORGAN Made. 

Especially when you can get it at the 
same price as other organs are sold for. 
Intending purchasers should send to us 
for catalogue, etc. We are also general 
agents for the KRAKAUER PIANO for 
Eastern Pennsylvania. Over aoo of these 
Pianos in use in the city of Lebanon 
alone* It is the finest and best piano 
made, and prices very reasonable. Pianos 
as low as $150. Catalogues, etc., free, 



Iiitei* al Interlinear, 
67 Volumes. 


German, French, 
Italian, Spanish, 
Liatin and Creek, 

Arthur Hinds & Co. 

4 Cooper institute, NEW YORK. 

Superior Advantages. Most Reasonable Rates. 


FOUNDED 1866. 


1. Three Commodious Buildings, the fourth in course of erection; 
Full Classical, Scientific and Musical Courses, the equal of any in the 

2. An able Faculty \ High Standard ; Progressive Methods ; and a 
Well-selected Library. 

3. Environments of the Most Helpful Character in Social, Moral 
and Beligious Life. 

4. A Fine Campus of about Ten Acres for Athletic Sports, and a 
well-equipped Gymnasium. \ 

Winter Term begins January 3d ? Spring Term, March 28, 1899* 

address, REV }f Ub R00 p ? ph. o. f President, 

Ann ville 5 Pa. 

Stephen Lane Folger, 

Manufacturing Jeweler. 
Club, College 0t pFatefrnity 
Emblems, Watches, Dia- 
monds, tJeuisipy. 


Special Designs, also Estimates Furnished , 





One door West Penn'a. House, Annville. 


Penn'a Engraving Co* 

114,420 S, 7th St„ PHILADELPHIA, 


A. C. Zimmerman, 


758 Cumberland St., 
ItEBflflOrl, PA. 

Stephen Hubertis, 

Blank BooR manufacturer, 


» ■ 1 RULING, WIRE .... 


1125 and 1127 North Third St, 



Vol. XM No. 5- 



JUNE, 1899. 

Annville, Pa. 

Shenk & Kinports, 


and Ladies' Dress Goods. 

22 €a$t main Street, 
Hnnville, Pa. 




Students Supplies a specially. 

West End Store, 

John S- Shtpa* Prop'*. 

General Merchandise, 
Shoes & Gent'i Fu ra 1 s hi a r Goods a Specialty 

134436 West Main St, Annville. 


S. W. Ccr oth and Willow, LEBANON, 


No. 34 East Main Street, 





At KfcGowau'* Drug Star* 

S. W. Cor. 7th aod Cumberland St, 

Hbo. Leonlamt & Son. 


| 5th and Library Sts^ PHILA, 

Diplomas and Certificates of Mem<* 

Abo Commercial Work our Specialty. 

If you want to Buy a Hat Right, and a Fight 
Hat, or anything la 


00 TO Erb&Craumer, 

Sth and Cumb. Sts., LEBANON, PA. 



H. S. WOLF. 

Green Groceri< 

new CoDunooweaitij snoe Store, 

753 Cxunh. St, LEBANON. PA 


Vest Main St, ANNVILLE. PA- 




Vol, XIL No, 5- 


Whole No, 121 

To the Class of '99. 

Sowing, sowing, sowing 

Many precious seeds, 
Giving life a sweetness 

By your noble deeds ; 
Making earth an Eden 

By your bright sunshine, 
Living for the future — 

Class of > 99- 

Dreaming, dreaming, dreaming 

Of what lies before, 
Waiting for some escort 

At the open door ; 
Crowned with gems anc rubies, 

Bowed at Honor's shrine, 
Victors in the contest— 

Class of '99, 

Sailing, sailing, sailing, 

Through the balmy breeze, 
O'er the gentle waters 

Of unbounded seas ; 
Gliding gently onward 

Looking for the sign 
Of some blessed omen — 

Class of '99- 

Smiling, smiling, joyfully 

Homeward on your way, 
Laughing, laughing, heartily, 

Victors in the fray ; 
Dainty ox-eyed daisies 

'Round your heads entwine, 
Wreath your classic foreheads — 

Class of '99. 

Mourning, mourning, mourning 

Through the murmuring breeze, 
Tolls the college curfew 

O'er the weeping trees ; 
Tears that fast are falling 

Swell the mighty brine, 
At the sad departure — 

Class of '99. 

Onward, ever onward, 

May your motto be 
Through the ceaseless ages 

Of eternity, 
(t Lift your standard higher/ 1 

Comes the voice divine, 
Worthy sons and daughters, 

Class of i gq. 

Fighting, fighting, fighting, 

Ever brave and true, 
'Neath the royal banner 

Of the White and Blue J 
This thy noble precept, 

Be it ever thine, 
%i Vincit, qui se vincit," 

Class of '99. 


Commencement Week* 


The commencement exercises of 
Lebanon Valley College began on 
Sunday morning, June 11. The 
different denominations of the town 
joined in the service. The college 
chorus under the direction of Prof. 



Oldham, sang the "Te Deum Lau- 
damus, M in fine style. The bacca- 
laureate sermon was preached by 
President Roop. He took for his 
text Matt. 24:30, "What lack I 
yet ?" He referred to the young 
ruler as not being willing to make 
the necessary sacrifice in order that 
he might enter the Kingdom of 
God and enjoy eternal life. Christ's 
injunction amazed and stupefied 
the young, rich ruler when He said : 
"If thou wilt be perfect, go and 
sell that thou hast and give to the 
poor and thou shalt have a treasure 
in heaven, and come and follow 
Me. 1 ' He shrank from the appli- 
cation of the test and went away 
heavy hearted. When the soul 
considers and probes the problem 
of the future, the inquiry, "Good 
Master, what shall I do? M grows 
deeper and more serious. There 
are certain indelible truths imprint- 
ed on the soul, the joint operation 
of which results at last in the pro- 
duction of the sense of the insatia- 
ble want. 

First. There is the conscious- 
ness of immortality. The soul 
knows that itself shall not die. So 
much it apprehends before it opens 
its eyes to look forth from itself 
upon the world. 

Second. Attending this con- 
sciousness of the soul's immortal- 
ity is the further sense that the 
character of its eternal life is un- 
certain; that its peace is imperiled. 
There is a universal fear concern- 

ing the fate of the soul in the 
sphere beyond. No man who so- 
berly contemplates the inevitable 
continuance of being can rid him- 
self of the profound perplexity as 
to the course upon which his future 
life shall run. 

Third. Following this sense 
comes the further consciousness 
that something must be done to 
secure eternal life to the welfare of 
the soul, "What shall I do that I 
may inherit eternal life?' ' No man 
can remain perpetually deaf to the 
plaintive cries of his own immor- 
tal soul, shrinking back with dis- 
may from possible endless doom 
and calling heroically for relief. 

Fourth, But there is yet a deep- 
er consciousness that speaks to the 
mortal spirit and tells it that, after 
having ail the help that earth can 
give, that after doing all that hu- 
man will can accomplish, that even 
after laying life itself upon the al- 
tar of death, the assurance of eter- 
nal life is yet ungained. You may 
take the very tables of Command- 
ments and set them before you to 
guide your daily practice, and still 
find room to cry, with unsatisfied 
heart, "What lack I yet?" 

Fifth. And now at length, with 
the appearance of Christ Jesus be- 
fore the restless human soul, still 
another truth springs to the con- 
scious power within. It is the con- 
viction that men must flee to Him 
if they would find the way ever- 
lasting. The heart calls aloud, 

UKv. UK R YDS U. KOOP A. M , Fix, P., 
I'ro^itifnt Lt. i b;ir];in Valley ('.>Ul>i;u, 


and the conscience answers to the 
heart, and both unite to press this 
conviction upon the mind. 

The President then spoke words 
of admonition to the members of 
the class and urged them to be 
faithful Christian men and women 
and extended his best wishes for 
success in life. 

At 6 o'clock a praise service un- 
der the auspices of the Christian 
Associations was held on the Col- 
lege Campus, led by W. O. Jones. 

At 8 o'clock Rev. N. C SchaefiF- 
er, D.D., State Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, delivered a very 
excellent sermon, taking for his 
text Proverbs 4 : 23. He spoke of 
the spiritual heart and stated that 
the heart is that part of man which 
God asks for Himself. By the 
heart He estimates man. God re- 
gards the heart when we draw nigh 
to worship Him, We are taught 
to pray for a new heart. Life is 
full of significance for those 011 the 
eve of graduation. There are tw r o 
things to know about the heart: L 
Know what the heart is. II. How 
we can keep the heart clean with all 
diligence. The leading of an up- 
right life, cherishing only pure 
thoughts, will tend to make the 
heart clean and the sort of heart 
God would like us to possess. The 
sermon was replete with excellent 
thought and was listened to atten- 


On Monday evening, June 12, 


the Conservatory concert, under 
the direction of Prof. Oldham, was 
the attraction for a music-loving 
audience. No one present was dis- 
appointed in the rendition of the 
program. The various numbers 
were greeted with prolonged ap- 
plause. The concert was one of 
the best ever held in the College 
Chapel. The program follows. 

Two Piano Quartette—- ' Marta, ' ' Flotow 
Mary Zacharias, Marv Barton, 
Mamie Dean, Mary Zimmerman 

Chorus — Li Ave Maria/* Mendelssohn 

Ladies Chorus. 
Piano Solo — Liebstrautne, Liszt 

Mabel Royer. 
Vocal Duet— -"Cheerfulness," Gumbert 

Edith Grabill, Anna Myers, 
Piano Duet — Valse, Lysberg 
Ruth Leslie, Clara Vallerchamp. 
Chorus — ' 'Pilgrims, 1 ' Wagner 

Glee Club. 
Piano Duet — Tancredi, Rossini 

Susie Mover, Susie Herr. 
Vocal Solo — (a) 4 'The Dreaming Loved 
Visions Are Nigh." 
(&) The Rosary, Nevin 
Hattie Shelley. 
Piano Solo — Rhapsodie 1 2, Liszt 

Mabel Manbeck. 
Vocal So lo — "Ecstacy," A rditi 

LiLLiE Kreider. 
Two Piano Duet— "Puritani," 

Lena Owens, H. Oldham. 
Vocal Solo — Musica Prohibita, Gastoldi 

Edith Grabill* 
Two Piano Quartette — Awakening of the 
Lion, DeKontski 
Arabella Batdokf, Lena Owens, 
Anna Kreider, H.Oldham. 
Chorus— 1 'Angel us, ' ' Maritana 
Chorus Class 


The Board of Trustees met Tues- 
day morning at 9 o'clock. Most of 
the members were present, and all 
the sessions were characterized by 
harmony , unanimity of purpose, 



and a broadening view of the Col- 
lege's mission and work. 

President Roop presented his an- 
nual report, stating that entire 
harmony prevailed in the faculty 
and the kindliest feeling between 
faculty and students, and suggested 
a number of needed improvements. 

The enrolment for the year was 
252, 48 more than last year, and 
12S more than two years ago. 

This is the second year in the 
history of the College that the sal- 
aries of the teachers have been paid 
in full from the income from tui- 
tion alone. Instead of increasing 
the debt between $2,000 and $3,000 
a year, as has been the case for a 
number of years, there has been a 
profit of that much. This speaks 
more effectively for the executive 
and financial ability of President 
Roop than fine words. 

Steps were taken toward the in- 
ternal improvement of the building, 
repapering and repainting of rooms, 
etc. , and toward the raising of 20th 
century endowment fund. 

On motion of President Roop, 
the Board of Trustees of L. V. C. 
unanimously petitioned the execu- 
tive committee of Board of Educa- 
tion to employ at once a General 
Secretary of Education, who shall 
devote his entire time and energy 
to the raising of money, and the 
edifying of our educational forces 
and work. 

Mr. Norman C. Schlichter, A.B., 
'97, was elected instructor in 

French and English. Mrs. Dr. 
Roop retires from the faculty. The 
Board passed the following resolu- 
tion : l£ In that Mrs. Pres. Roop 
has had charge of the department 
of Voice and Art in L. V. C, for 
the last two years and now retires 
at her own request, we, the Trus- 
tees, express our hearty apprecia- 
tion of her valuable services in 
building up that department of the 
College, and her ability 7 as an in- 
structor in those arts as evidenced 
in her pupils on the several occa- 
sions when they appeared in pub- 

The Board also passed a resolu- 
tion of thanks to Miss Emma L> 
Landis, A.M., for her valuable 
work in the Art Department during 
the past year. 

The officers of the Board were 
re-elected, and the committees re- 
appointed for the ensuing year, 

In the evening the Alumni As- 
sociation held a public meeting in 
the College Chapel ; Rev. S. C. 
Enck, of Columbia, Pa., and Rev. 
S. D. Faust, D.D., of Dayton, O,, 
were the speakers. Their addresses 
were instructive and entertaining 
and were listened to with marked 
attention. Prof. Oldham rendered 
several piano solos, which received 
hearty applause. Immediately after 
the exercises in the Chapel, the 
annual Alumni banquet was held 
in the dining hall of the College. 
A delightful evening was spent in 
conversation, feasting and song. 




On Wednesday afternoon the 
class of ' 99 held Class Day exercises 
in the Chapel. A large and enthu- 
siastic audience greeted the Seniors 
as they entered the Chapel. The 
exercises proved to be one of the 
best ever held on similar days. 
The program contained sufficient 
fun to counteract the influence of 
the very sultry day, so that the 
two hours required in the rendition 
of the program, passed very rapidly. 
The program follows : 

President's Address, H t M. Imboden 
Essay, Maud Trabert 

Original Story, j. P. Batdorf 

Trophy Address, J< D. Stehman 

Vocal Duet— Ecstasy, G. Alanay 

Edith S. Grabill and Anna Myers. 
Reading, Emma R. Batdorf 

Class History, H, Howard Hoy 

Treasurer's Report, Harry E. Miller 
Mute Oration, G. Mahlon Miller 

Instrumental Solo — Valse de Concert, 

Susie Herr [ Tito Mattei 
Prophecy for the Ladies, W. O. Jones 
Prophecy for the Gentlemen, 

Leah C. Hartz 
Motto Oration, I. E, Runk 

Parody, I. W. Huntzberger 

Vocal Solo— The Daisy, Ardiii 

Mary E. Kreider 
Class Poem, Hattie S. Shelley 

Presentation to Junior Class, 

Alma Mae Light 
Response, Nora Spayd 

Instrumental Solo — Rhapsody Hongroise 
No. 8, Liszt 
Caroline D. Seltzer 
Presentation to Gentlemen, 

Bess M. Landis 
Presentation to Ladies, Galen D. Light 
Chalk Talk, C. V. Clippinger 

Class Song, 

W* G. Clippinger 

Caroline D. Seltzer. Hattie 9. Shelley. 

Together Jet up sing today, 

A sony for T, JD 
And let each hi. i art be blithe and £iiy 

Nor murmur nor repine 
Nor old Math, is no longer nigh, 

And Latin too is o'er, 
We've said to them a fond goodby, 

And wish them baek no more. 


For ah. we are the jolly '^g, 

And conquerors today in L. V. C. 
Around our hearts' fond memory entwines 
A garland of the days that used to be. 

We're launching out into the tide. 

We're sailing down the stream, 
Where Faculty does not abide 

But wealth and pleasure teem. 
We've hung the by-laws on the door 

For other folks to see. 
And they may add a doxeti more 

Since we are gone and free. 

No more you'll hear us on the stairs, 

Or see our faces bright, 
And you will miss our chape) prayers 

And serenades at night, 
But '99's, we shall not part, 

fie glad and banish fear 
We shall for aye be joined in heart. 

Though severed by long years. 

We do not care what others say, 

We haTe been any els here 
And for the twenty-three today 

Shed not a single tear, 
For we will always loyal he 

To dear old "White and Blue/* 
And when afar from L. V. C. 

We will to her be true. 

In the evening the commence- 
ment exercises of the Conservatory 
of Music were held in the ChapeL 
The program included some of the 
leading numbers from well known 
composers. The exercises called 
forth appreciative applause. The 
duet by Mrs. Roop and Miss Hattie 
Shelley was delightful, as were also 
the other vocal numbers. The 



rendition of the instrumental music 
by Misses Manbeck and Royer 
showed their excellent talent and 
drill. The program ; 
Piano — * 'Concertetucke 1 1 H ' her 

Mabel Royer 
(Orchestral parts on 2d piano, Prof, Oldham.) 
Vocal Duet — "Quis set Homo," Rossini 

Mrs. H. U, Roop, Hattie Shelley 
Piano— (a) "La Fileuse/ 1 Raff 

(d) "At Evening/' Seiss 

(e) c< Faust Waltz/ 1 Gounod-Liszt 

Mabel Manbeck 
Vocal Solo—" Happy Days, 5 ' Strelezki 
Anua Kreider 
(Violin Obligato, Fred Light.) 
Piano — {a) Andante and Allegro, Op. 13, 


[&) "Spring Song/' Hensett 
(c) Novelette in F t Schumann 
Mabel Royer 
Vocal Quiu lette — " Legends 1 ! M ohring 
I^illie Kreider, Edith Grabill, Anna 
Myers, Hattie Shelley 
Piano— Concerto in G Min. f Mendelssohn 
Mabel Manbeck 
(Orchestral part on 2d piano, Prof. Oldham.) 
Conferring of Diplomas, 

President H> U. Roop 


The thirty-third annual com- 
mencement of Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, Annville, was held in the 
Chapel, on Thursday morning, 
June 15. The rostrum was neatly 
decorated with palms ; the gradu- 
ates w r ere attired in the Oxford cap 
and gown. Music w*as furnished 
by Prof. Nagle's Orchestra, of 
Lebanon. Rev. H. Wayland Hoyt, 
D.D., of Philadelphia, delivered 
the commencement oration, which 
was a very able production abound- 
ing with gems of thought. 

The members of the class pre- 
pared theses as follows: "Rome 
and America's Future," Miss 
Emma Batdorf ; "The College Man 
in Business/ 1 John P. Batdorf; 
"The Human Brain; its Friends 
and Foes," Clarence V. Clippinger; 
"The Grandeur of Patience," Miss 
EdithS. Grabill ; "Reforms and 
the Unquiet Sex," Miss Leah C* 
Hartz ; "Municipal Government," 
Miss Susie F. Herr ; "The Hidden 
Millions, 1 ' Miss Bess M. Landis ; 
"Our Dying Century/ 1 Miss Alma 
Mae Light; "Historical Forces," 
Galen D. Light; "The Primitive 
Church," G. Mahlon Miller ; "The 
Pride of Italy/' Miss Anna S, 
Myers ; ' 1 Planetary Evolution / * 
Irvin E. Runk ; "Music in Educa- 
tion," Miss Caroline D, Seltzer; 
"The Heart of Nature," Miss 
Hattie Si Shelley; "The Dignity 
of Life/ 1 Miss Maud Trabert ; 
"The Immortality of the Soul," 
Walter G, Clippinger; "Man, Na- 
ture and Destiny," H. H. Hoy ; 
"What Teaching as a Profession 
^Demands of the Teacher," I. W. 
Hnntzberger ; "The Influence of 
the Church Upon Feudalism," 
Harry M. Imboden ; "The Scienti- 
fic Use of the Imagination/ 1 W, 
O. Jones ; "Influence of Greek Art 
Upon Civilization," Miss Mary E. 
Kreider; "Beginnings of the Be- 
ginning/' Harry E. Miller ; "The 
College Man in the Church," "The 
Contents of the Animars Mind," 
L. E. McGinnes. 



In the evening the Senior recep- 
tion was given in the Ladies' Hall, 
The many guests present expressed 
their opinion that this reception 
was a fitting close of one of the 
most memorable and successful 
commencement weeks in the history 
of t. V. C. 


Class Poem. 


Not to sound the plaudits of mighty men 
Whose valiant deeds are done, 
Not to picture war, with its tragic scenes, 
Nor to tell of laurels won, 
Not to whisper the Roman or classic 

Nor the days of the olden time, 

Not to revel in science, in music, in art, 

Have I written this simple rhyme. 

Not to tell of a Beecher, a Garfield, a 

Or remember a Lincoln true, 

Not to tell you of Picket, of fearless Lee, 

Nor to bring hack a Webster to you ; 

I would not awaken the slumbering past, 

Oh, No ! Be the pleasure mine, 

To honor and tell of the matchless worth, 

Of the Class of Ninety-nine. 

Oh, I love to tell of the Ninety-nines, 
For their hearts are as true as steel, ' 
And their aims in life are lofty aims, 
Which the future alone can reveal, 
They have come through the burdensome 

years of the past, 
Undaunted through peril and strife, 
To the coveted goal, where you greet 

them today, 
In this, their bright morning of life. 

Oh, I love to tell of the Ninety-nines, 
Because of the wealth that they hold, 
The earned wealth of wisdom, of know- 
ledge, of truth. 

Which is better than millionaires' gold. 
Because they are men w T ho will honor the 

Wherever in life they may roam, 
Because they are women, whose pure 

lives will keep, 
Untarnished, the altars of home. 

Oh, I love to tell of those early days, 
When as little Freshmen green, 
You jeered at those awkward country 
w T ays, 

And smiled, that you were not seen, 
But who jeers today at the old Ninety- 

Let him hide his face in shame, 

For he knows not the cost or the sacrifice, 

Ere each to this honor came. 

He knows not the hours of earnest toil 

Concealed in the vaults of the past, 

Nor the strength of the hand, that must 

cling to the rope, 
Ere the flag he unfurled from the mast, 
Oh, if you will smile let it be full of cheer, 
Which never forgotten will be, 
Perhaps it w T ere better to utter a prayer — 
A prayer for the old twenty -three ! 
For the old twenty -three need a smile and 

a prayer, 

To cheer them down life's busy way, 
For life w T ill not always be stranger to 

As it is on this balmy June day, 

And whether folks think of the good they 

have done, 
Or only of faults that entwine, 
Or whether they hope to forget every one, 
Matters not to the old Ninety-nine. 
They have now closed their volume of 

41 Old College Days," 
Its gladnesses written with tears, 
And laid it away on the shelf of the past, 
To be clothed in the dust of the years. 
Oh f say, when the eagle of earned Fame 

will sore, 
And perch upon each lofty brow. 
Will memory unveil this same picture to 



And will you remember as now? 

Oh, Ninety-nines, on this balmy June 

Vw proud to be numbered with you, 
And help bear the banner, which floats 

The banner of White and of Blue, 
Fain would T now stay the sad tears that 


So silently into my heart, 
And fain would I turn from the echoing 

' | Old Ninety -nines, now we must part/' 

Each gentle sigh of the whispering spring 

That kisses the bud and sweet flower, 
Each warbling note from the song bird's 

As it sounds from yon shadowy bower, 
Methinks now is mingled with sad t ten- 
der strains, 
Which tingle each deep, hidden chord. 
That long has lain rusting within our 

own hearts, 
And banishes clash of the sword. 

But, old Ninety-nines, in the days that 
are gone, 

We have ever been peaceful and kind, 
And today no dark blot mars the pages 
so white, 

Of the book we are leaving behind — 
No more will we revel at banquet or 

Or with friendly talk lighten each brow, 
No more will we mingle our old college 

These must all live in memory now, 

'Tis strange that old time should so 

cruelly now, 
Try to sever the warm friendships made, 
Oh, why must it be that we part Ninety- 
nine ? 

Oh, why could we not be delayed? 
You will go far away, we shall not meet 

As we are here. today, twenty -three, 

I pray that each life may be fraught with 

much good, 
And bring honor to old L. V. C. 

Ah, let us be noble, and prove to the 

That our living has not been in vain, 
Ah, let us not flinch at the stars that 

may fall, 
Ah, let us not quiver at pain, 
If the hour be soon, or the hour be late, 
Oh, Father, may this will be Thine, 
To gather, at last, to Thyself, some sweet 


Every one of the class— 1 'Ninety-nine." 


On Saturday evening, May 27, 
an entertainment for the benefit of 
the athletic association was given 
in the College Chapel. The fol- 
lowing program was rendered : 

Piano Solo — Valse Chromatique, Godard 

Miss Lena Owens. 
Recitation, Miss Hattie Shelley 

Solo, Mrs, Roop 

Tableau (Athletics Illustrated), 

0, G. Myers 


Mrs. Roop, Misses Shelley and Myers 
Saratoga Chips. 

Recitation, Miss Emma Batdorf 

Pantomime, Miss Shelley 

Violin Solo. Claude Engle 

A colored jury trial, consisting of the 
following characters : 
Judge Beeswing, G. Mahlon Miller 

Lawyer St in urn, Cyrus Waughtel 

Lawyer Fleece, Harry Yohe 

Prisoner, C. E. Raudabush 

Officer, D. M. Oyer 

Foreman of Jury, Wm. Sanders 

Clerk of Court, Rene Burtner 

And a jury of twelve men 



The College Forum, 

THE COLLEGE FOFUM is published 
monthly throughout the college year by the 
Philckosmian Literary Society of Lebanon 
Valley College, 


I. E. A UN it, 1 ft), Editor-in-Chief 
Galen D. Light, f 99. C, W. Wadghtel, '01. 
H. K. SFEasAun, f 00. H. H, Baish, '02. 


S. F. Dauohekty/0 1 i Busineaa Manager, 

H. L. Eichingeh, Assistant Kuaineas Manager 

Terms t Fifty cents a year, five cents a copy, 

THE COLLEGE FORUM will be forward^ 
ed to all subscribers until an order is receive 
ed for its discontinuance, and until all arcear ' 
ages have been paid* 

AoMresa all business communications to 8. F, 
Daugberty, Bos. 1^4, Annville, Pa. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa. r as 
second-class mail matter. 


June is here. The anticipated 
rest from study is ours. Many of 
us will return to L. V. C. again 
next September in order to con- 
tinue the work we have begun. 

Let us not forget that a genuine 
vacation does not consist of idleness 
but in change. The wise student 
will not permit vacation to pass 
without improving himself men- 
tally as well as physically. Many 
students complain that they do not 
have time to read while at college. 
A carefully prepared list of books 
to be read should be one of our va- 
cation recreations, 

As we are turning over the leaf 
of the old year let us profit by our 

past mistakes and prepare to greet 
the new year with an increased 
vigor and determination to make 
the most of our college course. 

We measure our strength not by 
what we have learned, but by the 
discipline of mind acquired. Every 
study mastered means the addition 
of power to our mental mechanism. 
Mental power exists in the degree 
of unison in w T bich the powers of 
the mind perform their work. 
Every student, as he faces the 
questions w T hich arise during his 
college career is acquiring or losing 
power for the problems of life, 
acquiring, if in each undertaking 
he pushes thro to the end, losing, 
if after the beginning of the work 
he leaves it undone. As we look 
back upon our past year in College 
we can not help remembering the 
times when our indifference gained 
the mastery. But at the same 
time we see the fields of labor and 
study, where with earnest effort we 
added strength to onr minds. 

No one can acquire skill in the 
use of his mind without labor. As 
the long bloody years of toil 
marches, privations, and fighting 
are the making of the veteran. So 
the hard, earnest, persistent toil of 
years will culminate in a well 
rounded and disciplined mind, 

* * * 

In every sphere of life, particu- 
larly , in the business realm, there 



are those who ignore a college edu- 
cation as a waste of time and, 
especially, the study of languages. 
There was a time when the study 
of the latter was not so much a 
necessity, since the intercourse 
among nations was very much 
limited, At present, however, the 
people of different nationalities are 
becoming more closely united by 
the various interests with which 
they are characterized, and this in 
turn begets a need of the know- 
ledge of their languages. The 
closer associations are brought 
about by international expositions, 
the conveniences of travel, and the 
requirements of traffic. The three 
languages that should be studied 
by the business man are German, 
French, and Spanish. The most 
important and useful one of these 
three to the American is the Ger- 
man, since the Germans greatly 
outnumber the foreign born citizens 
of any other nationality and in 
many places cling to their mother 
tongue ; even if they can talk the 
English, they will desire their own 
language as the medium of conver- 
sation , 

The French is next in importance 
and is known by nearly all the edu- 
cated people of Europe. It is very 
essential to the American sight- 
seer and traveller on European toil. 

The Spanish, the speech of nearly 
one-half the people on the Western 
Hemisphere, will in time to come 
be very essential for the transaction 

of business in American manufac- 
tured products. No business man 
should ignore it if he has any in- 
terest in South American trade. 
No more profitable recreation can 
be taken than the study of these 
three modern languages by the 
American business man. 


The Real Difference, 

A. C. T. SUMNER, *02. 

Paradoxical as this statement 
may seem, it yet remains true that 
the w T orld is a regular whole, made 
up of irregularities. Its solid ele- 
ment is composed of irregular- 
shaped continents, islands and other 
divisions of land on wmich we find 
the great sturdy oak that scorns a 
tempest and weak grasses that can- 
not endure a moderate gust ; here 
volcanoes and mountains piercing 
high into the clouds, there glens, 
caves and chasms of gloomy depths. 
Its liquid part consists of oceans, 
seas, bays, rivers and other aquatic 
bodies of one shape and another. 
Yet these differences and want of 
uniformity combine to make our 
w^orld one harmonious whole. 

We find also in the human world 
a motley mass of regularities and 
irregularities, composed of five 
principal races dwelling in different 
quarters of the globe, each with 
manners and customs adapted to 
itself. Observe one nation and you 
fitid a marked difference between 
its people ; some you find seated on 



the ladder of fame, others strug- 
gling in the dust of obscurity ; here 
those possessed of this world's 
goods, yonder those dying for want 
of oread. Let us come nearer. 
Look at your own family and you 
will see vast differences between its 
several members. One man differs 
from another when there is the 
nearest and most striking resem- 
blance, and in so much that it 
would be impossible to find in the 
whole world two persons who are 
the same in appearance and pos- 
sessed of equal intelligence. "These 
differences between man and man 
only make him a subject worthy of 
careful study. Says one, i4 The 
proper study of mankind is man." 

There are a thousand and one 
ways in which men and things dif- 
fer from each other. We might 
speak of the natural difference or 
that which exists in the natural 
make-up of animate beings and 
things ; also of the social, moral 
and physical differences, These 
are subject to changes according to 
attendant circumstances. But the 
greatest and real difference between 
man and the lower creation is the 
mind ; take this away if possible 
from the greatest living man this 
moment and what remains? It 
w r as this that moved Dr. Watts to 
say : 

"Had 1 an arm to reach the skies, 
Or grasp the ocean in a span, 
I'd not be measured by my size, 
The mind's the standard of the man.*' 
The mind then forms the basis 

of difference between man and man, 
and it increases or diminishes in 
proportion as it is cultivated or 

The second fundamental principle 
in mathematics teaches us that the 
difference is equal to the greater 
number minus the lesser, and the 
more the lesser number is increased, 
the lesser becomes the difference, 
and when the lesser number be- 
comes so big as to equal the greater 
number there could be no difference. 
The same principles hold true in 
finding the real difference between 
men, which we have said lies in 
the mind. 

For the sake of convenience, let 
us represent as a minuend or stand- 
ard a well-rounded de\ - eloped mind ; 
as the subtrahend, the education 
one receives up to the time he 
graduates from college ; and the 
mind in its uncultivated state, the 
difference : then it follows that the 
once undeveloped mind enlarged 
by the education received at col* 
lege, can make a well-rounded man 
just as the difference and subtra- 
hend must give the minuend ; and 
the more we 1 'drink deep the Pier- 
ian stream" and put to practice 
what we learned at college, the 
nearer we approach the true stand- 
ard of manhood and womanhood 
until we shall enter the portals 
where 1 'we shall know as we are 
known ( " just as the more the sub- 
trahend is increased the nearer it 
approaches the minuend. This 



principle is true in every vocation 
in life. 

Do I hear any one say it is color 
that makes the difference? Then 
were each member of the fair race 
a great man. Do you say wealth ? 
Then were Solomon and Croesus of 
ancient times, and the Vanderbilts, 
the Rothschilds and the Goulds of 
our own day the greatest men the 
world ever produced. You would 
not say royal descent makes the 
real difference ; for then were all 
the kings and queens, emperors and 
empresses and other royal poten- 
tates of Europe, as also the presi- 
dents of republics those to whom 
the world owes its present state. 
But this is not the case. 

What raises one man to the pin* 
nacle of fame and sends another 
down into obscurity? Homer, 
Demosthenes, Pythagoras, Socra- 
tes, Aristotle, Cicero, Horace, Vir- 
gil and other great men of antiquity 
— what was the real difference be- 
tween them and other men of their 
own times who were hardly known 
outside of their gates, but more 
mind in the former and less in the 
latter. What is the real difference 
between a savage African and a 
civilized and christianized African? 
A cultivated mind and heart in the 
one, in the other a dark untutored 

What is the real difference be- 
tween America today and America 
fifty or one hundred years ago? 
Is it not the broader and deeper 

mind she has in science, art and 
religion today than years gone by ? 
The real difference between a man 
and a man, a nation and a nation, 
is the possession of a sound mind 
in the one, and an imbecile mind 
in the other. 

Truly is it said that ''the mind 
is the seat of character and of con- 
scious and spiritual life, the source 
of conduct, of tact, and the thou- 
sand qualities that make us what 
we are ; the home of memory, the 
ultimate governor and ruler of all 
actions and functions of the body, 
and in every w r ay a most important 
factor in our psychical and physical 
life/ 4 


Success the Reward of Genius and 


Many young men and women 
emerging from college cherish the 
fond yet delusive hope that their 
future career will be guided by 
some magic star, and that their fur- 
tune will be carved by some talisman - 
ic inborn influence. Ere long they 
find to their great discouragement, 
which amounts at times to despond- 
ency, that these fondly cherished 
hopes vanish into airy nothingness 
and they awaken to the sterner 
truth that genius is a blessing 
bestowed upon but few and that 
diligent effort alone is the stepping 
stone to success. 

It is a priceless boon to any 


9 :i 

young man or woman to have what 
is commonly known as genius, but 
strength of character as manifested 
in singleness and earnestness of 
purpose, when coupled with genius, 
form the summum bonum in the 
formation of character. 

Genius is not a commodity to be 
bought and sold, neither is success 
an article of exchange which a 
man may barter as gold or silver. 
Genius is inborn, success comes 
of hard and honest toil. Genius is 
the free gift bestowed upon us by 
Mother Nature ; success is the re- 
ward of diligence. Genius is some- 
thing to be grateful for ; success 
is something to be proud of. Suc- 
cessward is the w r atchword of true 
men of genius as w T ell as the man 
cot so richly endowed. The com- 
bined effect of genius and honest 
effort is what makes great men. 

The Philokosmian Anniversary, 

The thirty -second anniversary of 
the Philokosmian Literary Society 
of Lebanon Valley College was held 
in the College Chapel on the eve- 
ning of May 5, 1S99. 

The eager and expectant audi- 
ence that had gathered in the 
Chapel long before the opening of 
the exercises, greeted the perform- 
ers with hearty applause as they 
marched in, to the strains of Sousa's 
41 Charlatan/' and took their places 
on the rostrum. 

After the invocation by Rev. 

George Hartman, the president of 
the society, I. W. Huntzberger, 
made the opening address. It was 
enthusiastic and full of the spirit 
of Philokosmianism. He clearly 
set forth the significance of the 
shield, and the colors — gold, blue 
and w T hite — w T ith which it is em- 
blazoned, and begged that every 
member of the society endeavor to 
preserve untarnished their es- 

The first oration w T as delivered by 
Harry Miles Imboden, of the class 
of '99. His subject, "Theoretical 
Coal," w r as one requiring careful 
consideration and thorough re- 
search. In his oration he discussed 
the probable formation of coal, and 
the action of the various agencies 
producing it. Great praise is due 
Mr. Imboden for the way in which 
he acquitted himself, 

Clarence Victor Clippinger, also 
a member of the class of '99, was 
the next orator. The title of his 
oration was - 'Liquid Air." He 
explained the process of its manu- 
facture and then proceeded to tell 
of the various ways in which it 
could be used. From a scientific 
standpoint Mr. Clippinger's oration 
was a credit to himself and the 
school he represents. 

1 4 Alexander Hamilton" was the 
subject of a eulogy delivered by 
Thomas F, Miller, '01. He spoke 
of Hamilton as a citizen, as a states- 
man, and as a financier. As a fit- 
ting ending he spoke of the rever- 



ence and respect due him, and the 
esteem in which his name should 
be held by his countrymen, 

Mr. A. C. T. Sumner, of Bonthe, 
Africa, a member of the class of 
' 02 , read an essay entitled, "The 
Real Difference/' His able and 
instructive paper was much appre- 
ciated by the audience. 

The honorary orator was Reno 
S. Harp, '89. His good thought 
and graceful delivery held the un- 
divided attention of his hearers. 
His subject, "The Flag and the 
Cross, " was one that is intensery 
interesting to us at this period of 
our country's history. The main 
thought of his discourse was 
that wherever the "Stars and 
Stripes" have made their wa} T f 
there should the American people 
make an attempt to plant the cross. 

At the conclusion of the literary 
program the members and friends 
of the society adjourned to the 
Ladies' Hall, where the annual 
Philo reception was held. Ice 
cream, cake, and lemonade were 
served, The exercises of the eve- 
ning were very enjoyable through- 

Nagle's orchestra, of Lebanon, 
furnished the music for the literary 
program, and also the concert at 
the reception. 

The program was as follows : 
M ft r c 1 ] — Charlatan, Sous a 


President's Address, I. W. Huntzberger 
Overture— Tancred, J. fiossini 

Oration — Theoretical Coal, 

H. M. Imhoden 
Oration— Liquid Air, C. V. CHppinger 
Caprice — Unter den Linden, Eilcnbcrg 
Eulogy — Alexander Hamilton, 

Thomas F. Miller 
Essay— The Real Difference, 

Alfred T, Sumner 
Flute Solo — Frog and Nightingale, 


Ex-Pbilo Oration— The Flag and the 
Cross, Reno S. Harp 

March — Commodore, F, Naglc 

Y, M* Ci A- 

College Secretary, Mr. Loper^ 
visted our association May 14, and 
in the evening gave an interesting 
and profitable talk to the young 
men on the importance of thorough 
Bible study, and also the necessity 
of sending a man to Northfield. 

Xew methods are being taken 
for the coming year to have thor- 
ough and spiritual training in the 
bible-class, which will in all proba- 
bility be conducted by Prof. Spang- 
ler, whose personal magnetism and 
deep spirituality has led so many 
of the young men into a more con- 
secrated living for the master. 

The chairmen of the different 
committees have been appointed, 
and will do all in their power to 
advance the association work in all 
its different departments. 

A strenuous effort is being made 
to solicit funds to send the proper 
man to Northfield for training in 
the Bible study department. We 


earnestly beg the solicitation of all 
our friends to help in this good 

During the past year the associa- 
tion was blessed with but a few 
conversions; but the silent influ- 
ence of consecrated men have led 
those, who were not active in the 
association work, to know Christ 
and to live a true and consecrated 
life before their fellowmen. 


Y, W, C* A. 

Since May 7, the Y. W. C. A. 
lias been working In a manner dif- 
ferent from heretofore. A syste- 
matic study of the Bible, under the 
guidance of Miss Wolfe, a member 
of the faculty, has been adopted, 
and the time of meeting has been 
changed to Sunday morning, im- 
mediately following breakfast. 

Among the Societies, 


Esse Quam Videri. 


We are glad to note that the last 
month of the collegiate year has 
been one of eminent success for the 
Philo. society. 

Of the meetings held during the 
month, three deserve special men- 

On May 19 an impromptu pro- 
gram was rendered by the society. 


It was very interesting, some of the 
performers ministering very much 
to the mirth fulness of those present. 
There was a grand display of the 
society's musical talent on that oc- 

On the following Friday evening 
the Philos had a very interesting 
session with the Clios, 

The Seniors were entertained 
with a special program in their 
honor, on Friday evening, June 2. 
With true Senior dignity, and in 
full uniform, they entered the hall 
and occupied seats reserved for 
them. The following program w T as 
rendered : 

Ode to the Seniors, W. S. Roop 

Solo, S. D. Kauffman 

Address— 11 The Seniors Ten Years After 

C W- Waughtel 
Trio — H. E. Spessard, D, M. Oyer, O. 
G. Myers. 

Address— 4 'Senior Dignity,' 1 H. H. Baish 
Recitation, T. F. Miller 

Sextette— S. D. Kauffman, H, E. Spes- 
sard, D. M. Oyer, S. F. Daugherty, 
W. S. Roop, O. G. Myers. 
Debate — Resolved, That more benefit is 
derived from attending the smaller col- 
leges than from attending the larger 

Aff., C- E. Snoke, S. F. Daugherty. 
Neg„ H. I,. Eichinger, A, C. T. Sumner. 

Miss Shelley very beautifully re- 
sponded for the Seniors, thanking 
the society for the program ren- 

Besides the Seniors, there were 
present as visitors on that occasion, 
Mrs. H, L. Eichinger, Misses 



Spayd, Bunington, Loos, Daniel, 
and Vallerchamp, 

The annual election was held 
recently and resulted in the election 
of D. M. Oyer as treasurer, and H. 
H. Baish as librarian. C. E. Snoke 
was elected editor-in-chief of the 
Forum, to fill the unexpired term 
of L E. Runk, resigned. 


Palnta ?wn sine Pulvcre. 


During the past year the society 
has been growing and spreading 
in every direction. 

Since the last number of the 
Forum was published Mr. Claud 
Engle, whose father is erecting the 
new music hall, has joined the 

Some new apparatus has lately 
been placed in the gymnasium, and 
we expect more to be added next 
fail, in order that this branch of 
athletics may be thoroughly en- 
joyed by every student. 

Every member, as he grasps the 
hands of his Kalo brethren in 
parting, is fused with the deter- 
mination to come back next fall 
and work to make next year the 
most successful of any previous 
year of the Kalozetean Literary 

Alumni Notes* 

Norman C. Schlichter, '97, re- 
cently delivered two lectures on 
literature, his favorite study, in 
the College Chapel. They were 
very much appreciated. He was 
elected by the Board of Trustees 
to fill the chair of French and 
English at its meeting on June 13. 

Reno S. Harp, '89, delivered a 
masterly oration on "The Flag and 
the Cross/' at the Philokosmian 
anniversary on May 5th. He also 
gave a toast on 11 The College of 
the Future and the Relation of the 
Alumni to It," at the annual 
Alumni meeting. 

Jay W. Yohe, '98, pastor of the 
Fifth IL B. Church, York, Pa. , is 
succeeding very well in his pastor- 
ate. The church is to be enlarged 
in the near future. 

Raymond P. Doughtery, '97, 
Professor of Natural Science in 
Avalon College, was called east on 
account of the death of his father. 
He visited the College, and led 
chapel services. 

Dr. S. D. Faust, '89, was present 
at the meeting of the Board of 
Trustees, and addressed the Alum- 
ni meeting. While in our midst 
he was very active in the interests 
of the U. B. Seminary. 

S. C. Enck, '91, addressed the 
annual Alumni meeting on the sub- 
ject "Inter-dependence." 



Rev. John E. Kleffman, '89, of 
Gettysburg, Pa,, attended the 
sessions of the Board of Trustees 
for the first time as a member, 
having only been recently elected 
by the Pennsylvania Conference, 

Howard E. Enders, '97, arrived 
at the College on June 4th, from 
Iron City, Mich., where he was 

Chas. B. Wingerd, '97, is in the 
east, having attended the U. B. 
Seminary during the past year. 

John R. Geyer, '98, is a law 
student with John Fox, of Harris- 
burg, Pa, 

Wm. H. Kreider, '94, and wife, 
are visiting the former's parents 
in Annville. 

Urban H. Hershey, '95, student 
in N. Y. College of Music, is 
spending his vacation at his home 
in Manhefm, Pa, 

JohnH. May silks, '95, employed 
by the Baldwin Locomotive Works, 
attended the Commencement ex- 

Among those that were present 
at the Commencement exercises 
were the following : G. A. Ulrich, 
'97 ; G. K. Hartman, '94 ; O. E. 
Good, '94 ; Ruth Muninia, '96 ; 
Katharine P. Mumma, '92 ; Estelle 
Stehman, '96 ; Bessie Kinports, 
'98 ; Stella K. Sargent, '98 ; Ella 
N. Black, '96 ; H. G, Henry, '96 ; 
C. J. Barr, '82 ; G. A. Wolf, '81, 
and W. H. Washinger, '91. 

Social Evrnts- 

One of the society events of the 
College for the year was the dinner 
given by Mr. and Mrs. H. H. 
Kreider, to the Senior class, Thurs- 
day evening, June 1, in honor of 
their daughter, Mary, 

At 6.30 the class was invited to 
the spacious dining room to sur- 
round a table on which were served 
the most delicious viands. The 
table decorations were ferns, mosses, 
and daisies, the class flower, ar- 
ranged to represent "Class '99.' 5 
Overhead from the chandelier to 
each corner of the room, the class 
colors, maroon and white, were 
beautifully draped. At the close 
of the sumptuous repast, W. G. 
Clippinger, toast master, rose, and 
after a few prefatory remarks, in- 
troduced Miss Carrie Seltzer, who 
delivered an original poem as a 
toast to "The Absent Ones, the 
Faculty." Mr. H. M. Imboden 
then toasted to "The Happy Days 
of Yore. 1 ' Mr. Mahlon Miller 
spoke of "Taking Care of Number 
One." Finally the toast to Host 
and Hostess was offered by Mr, 
Galen Light. The party enjoyed 
the remainder of the evening by in- 
dulging in social games and music. 

On Friday evening, June 9, Pres- 
ident and Mrs, Roop gave the 
annual reception to the Seniors, at 
their home on College Avenue. 
The graduating classes of the Col- 
lege and the Conservatory of 



Music, Bishop and Mrs, E. B. Kep- 
hart, Rev. and Mrs. D. S. Eshel- 
man, the Faculty, and Misses Kel- 
ler and Roop were in attendance. 
President and Mrs. Roop 1 Misses 
Wolfe and Roop acted as reception 
committee. A beautiful souvenir, 
called the "Flower Wedding/; was 
presented to each guest. Refresh- 
ments, consisting of ice cream, 
cake, and strawberries, were served 
in splendid style. 


Mr. W. G, Clippinger, who was 
teaching a summer normal school 
at Orrstown, has returned, and will 
graduate with the class of '99. 

L E. Runk preached at Avon, 
Sunday evening, May 21. Among 
his hearers were Misses Spayd and 

Miss Sarah Roop has been visit- 
ing her sister, Mrs, B. F. Daugh- 
erty, on College Avenue. 

O. G. Myers spent Sunday, May 
21, with E, M. Balsbaugh, at his 
home near Derry. 

The College quartet, composed 
of Messrs. S. D. Kauffman, C. V, 
Clippinger, H. E. Spessard and 
W. S. Roop, with H, L- Eichinger 
as elocutionist, gave a very suc- 
cessful entertainment at Duncannon 
on Saturday evening. May 20, 

President Roop preached at Ober- 
lin, Sunday, May 21. 

Mr. A. L- House was called 
home during the month to attend 
the funeral of his brother. 

Prof. Fisher and family, of Mary- 
ville, Tennessee, were visitors at 
Prof. Lehman's for a few weeks. 

Misses Shelton and Dysart, of 
Shippeusburg, spent several days 
at College as guests of Miss Susie 

Prof. Spangler preached in the 
tj. B. Church at Hummelstown. 
Sunday, April 30, and at Cham- 
bersburg, Sunday, May 21, 

Dr. Roop delivered the memorial 
address on the Mt. Anuville ceme- 
tery to a large and patriotic au- 

Miss Carrie Smith, former in- 
structor of music, spent several 
days with friends at College, 

C. A. Sollenberger attended the 
Y. P. C. U. convention at Reading, 
as fraternal delegate from the 
Pennsyh r ania Conference Branch, 

Miss Emma Loose and R. R. 
Butterwick were compelled to quit 
study before the end of the term 
on account of illness. 

We are glad to note the recovery 
of Prof. Daugherty, who has been 
confined to his home for several 
weeks on account of illness. 

Rev. H. S. Jenanyan, president 
of the Apostolic Institute, Asia 
Minor, Tarsus and Iconium, paid 
a visit to the College on June 9, 

HERBERT OLDHAM, F. S 60., L, Q, .\L> 
Direct s Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Musto. 



Mrs. H. R> Rnnp spent a few 
days with her daughter, Mrs. II. 
F, Daugherty. 

Prof. Oldham is making arrange- 
ments with a first-class violin, 
mandolin and guitar teacher to 
take charge of that department at 
the opening of the Conservatory 
next September. 

The true college spirit was man- 
ifested in the gift of Mrs. A. h. 
Hummel, of Hummelstown, wlio 
presented to the college library 
forty-four bound volumes of Har- 
per's, Seribner's, Lippincott's and 
Medical Magazines. 

Rev. M. Rhoads, 0.1}., of St 
Louis, Mb; , was a delightful visitor 
at Chapel services, May 23. In 
response to tbe President's request 
after conducting the devotions he 
addressed the student body. 
Though he was very brief, yet his 
address was filled with profound 
thought and enlivened with t In- 
most sparkling wit. His leading 
thought was: "Get some great 
thought from God and carry it 
with you in your life. Faith in 
God is the supreme qualification in 
any student's life. L,ofty concep- 
tions of our abilities lead to ruin. 
Only when we see what insignifi- 
cant beings we really are and what 
great possibilities are be I me us, can 
we attain to the highest success in 
our achievements." 

Dr. Rhoads was the guest of Mr, 
and Mrs. Jos. H. Kreider. 

President Roop, 011 June 3, de- 
livered the address to the gradu- 
ating class of the high school, 
Macuugie, Pa. 



We welcome to our exchange list 
this month the ' ' Phoenix, ' ' It has 
several articles worthy of praise, 
and especially the one entitled, 
"King L,ear." 

It is not the current opinion that 
college journals should be full to 
overflowing with sentimental love 
stories, but when such stories as 
those we find in 1 'The Jabberwock' ' 
present themselves to us we cannot 
help but congratulate the editors' 
efforts in securing such articles and 
also the literary ability of their 

The stories show that easy sim- 
ple style, and a knowledge of 
nature in general which can not 
but carry the reader's anxious mind 
into the pleasing, pure, beautiful 
and good. 

The story in the "High School 
Student" entitled "The Rose M is 
among the best. We know of but 
few story writers in our exchanges 
who have set forth in their articles 
such imaginate power as is charac- 
teristic of the author of this story. 

The article entitled "The Min- 
strel" in the "Red and Blue" is 
worthy of mention. 



We find in 1 'The Otterbein 
Aegis' 1 an article well worth every 
student's time to read. We quote 
the following paragraph, which can 
give but a faint shadow of the 
glowing sentiment and truth of the 
whole article. The title is "The 
Relation of Art to Moral ity. M 

"But art contains another ele- 
ment more ]K>tent perhaps than any 
in nature ; it is the human element. 
The loves, the hates, the successes 
ami the defeats, the joys and the 
sorrows and all the passions of the 
human heart enter into art. These 
qualities appeal more to the sym- 
pathy and to our sense of the com- 
mon brotherhood of humanity than 
does the absolute beauty and the 
elements of the sublime, the infinite 
and the eternal which are displayed 
in nature The great influence 
which art wields over the human 
soul makes it either one of the 
strongest allies or one of the bit- 
terest enemies of morality.' ' 

U. G. MYT3RS, *00. 
[Con tin ned front May number,) 
These impressions continue to 
become more and more numerous 
until the narrow basin of its source 
has become one vast territory. 
Year by year, its branches have 
continued to grow in numbers 
forming one great sea which gives 
us better knowledge of the might 
and power stored beneath its calm 

brow, just as the placid waters of 
the earthly stream were found in 
the plain before opportunity was 
given to display its reserve energy. 

We watch it closely as it pushes 
its way silently and persistently 
like the liuiest daffodil in spring, 
which raises the clod and thrusts 
it aside by the simple persistence of 
growing. Surely we can say the 
course of this stream has been di- 
rected by good influence. 

On flows the tide through vales 
of sunshine, glowing with tempting 
fruits, under the rainbows of hope 
until it reaches the mountains of 

Suddenly, we notice that its sur- 
face becomes roughened and that 
more and more as it falls upon the 
reefs of trials and temptat inns. 
They determine to divert its course 
but the noble habits have made 
deep impressions upon the brain of 
its source. They have been formed 
in its infancy as it were, and 
strengthened as it glides through 
the many years of its existence. 
As a result they are unable to burst 
through its firm walls and ramble 
in the plains of allurement, just as 
the raging rapids of this great ravine 
were enabled to over I low its mighty 
Avails and destroy nature's sur- 
rounding beauty. It is hastily 
carried on by the force of its mo- 
mentum through all times of trials 
and temptations, discouragements 
and disappointments, to the harbor 
of eternal rest, when the golden 



evening clouds rest sweetly and in- 
vitingly upon the mountains and 
the light of heaven streams down 
through the gathering mists of 

So let us all sail our ship on our 
Niagara of Ufe, ever standing at 
the helm with ready hand and 
watchful eye that we may shun the 
destructive breakers and shoals and 
be permitted peaceful and joyous 
entrance into that world of blessed- 
ness where we shall hear the sooth- 
ing voice, bidding us welcome. 

Welcome home thou wanderer, 

Welcome thou most fin. 

Welcome, with words yet fonder, 

Welcome from Niagara's sea. 

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